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DineEquity Inc (NYSE:DIN)
Piotroski F-Score
9 (As of Today)

Good Sign:

Piotroski F-Score of 9 is 9, indicating very healthy situation.

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

DineEquity Inc has an F-score of 9. It is a good or high score, which usually indicates a very healthy situation.

DIN' s Piotroski F-Score Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 4   Max: 9
Current: 9

4
9

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of DineEquity Inc was 9. The lowest was 4. And the median was 5.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Dec15) TTM:Last Year (Dec14) TTM:
Net Income was 28.412 + 26.897 + 24.257 + 25.357 = $104.9 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 41.13 + 6.993 + 22.466 + 64.92 = $135.5 Mil.
Revenue was 175.814 + 171.549 + 162.437 + 171.3 = $681.1 Mil.
Gross Profit was 100.286 + 96.807 + 96.685 + 105.228 = $399.0 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Dec14)
to the end of this year (Dec15) was
(2393.736 + 2377.314 + 2355.858 + 2318.286 + 2331.85) / 5 = $2355.4088 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Dec14) was $2,393.7 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $1,406.6 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $372.7 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $298.4 Mil.
Net Income was 20.824 + 19.167 + 18.887 + -22.425 = $36.5 Mil.

Revenue was 167.201 + 160.521 + 162.853 + 164.413 = $655.0 Mil.
Gross Profit was 97.072 + 94.473 + 91.629 + 91.941 = $375.1 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of last year (Dec13)
to the end of last year (Dec14) was
(2404.642 + 2355.247 + 2319.089 + 2342.758 + 2393.736) / 5 = $2363.0944 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Dec13) was $2,404.6 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $1,417.1 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $382.0 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $313.0 Mil.

Profitability

Question 1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

DineEquity Inc's current net income (TTM) was 104.9. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

DineEquity Inc's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 135.5. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Dec14)
=104.923/2393.736
=0.04383232

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Dec13)
=36.453/2404.642
=0.01515943

DineEquity Inc's return on assets of this year was 0.04383232. DineEquity Inc's return on assets of last year was 0.01515943. ==> This year is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA <= ROA.

DineEquity Inc's current net income (TTM) was 104.9. DineEquity Inc's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 135.5. ==> 135.5 > 104.9 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Question 5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Dec15)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Dec14 to Dec15
=1406.649/2355.4088
=0.59719952

Gearing (Last Year: Dec14)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Dec13 to Dec14
=1417.131/2363.0944
=0.59969293

DineEquity Inc's gearing of this year was 0.59719952. DineEquity Inc's gearing of last year was 0.59969293. ==> This year is lower or equal to last year. ==> Score 1.

Question 6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year'’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year: Dec15)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=372.709/298.429
=1.24890342

Current Ratio (Last Year: Dec14)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=382.024/313.049
=1.22033292

DineEquity Inc's current ratio of this year was 1.24890342. DineEquity Inc's current ratio of last year was 1.22033292. ==> This year's current ratio is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

DineEquity Inc's number of shares in issue this year was 18.8. DineEquity Inc's number of shares in issue last year was 19. ==> There is smaller number of shares in issue this year, or the same. ==> Score 1.

Efficiency

Question 8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=399.006/681.1
=0.58582587

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=375.115/654.988
=0.57270515

DineEquity Inc's gross margin of this year was 0.58582587. DineEquity Inc's gross margin of last year was 0.57270515. ==> This year's gross margin is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Dec14)
=681.1/2393.736
=0.2845343

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Dec13)
=654.988/2404.642
=0.27238483

DineEquity Inc's asset turnover of this year was 0.2845343. DineEquity Inc's asset turnover of last year was 0.27238483. ==> This year's asset turnover is higher. ==> Score 1.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score= Que. 1+ Que. 2+ Que. 3+Que. 4+Que. 5+Que. 6+Que. 7+Que. 8+Que. 9
=1+1+1+1+1+1+1+1+1
=9

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

DineEquity Inc has an F-score of 9. It is a good or high score, which usually indicates a very healthy situation.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

DineEquity Inc Annual Data

Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13Dec14Dec15
Question 1 1001011111
Question 2 1111111111
Question 3 1001011001
Question 4 1111110111
Question 5 1010011001
Question 6 1010101111
Question 7 1110000011
Question 8 1001111101
Question 9 1100100011
F-score 9455566569

DineEquity Inc Quarterly Data

Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14Sep14Dec14Mar15Jun15Sep15Dec15
Question 1 1111111111
Question 2 1111111111
Question 3 0000100001
Question 4 1111111111
Question 5 0000100001
Question 6 1111111111
Question 7 0011111111
Question 8 1111100001
Question 9 0000111111
F-score 5566966669
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