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Dover Corp (NYSE:DOV)
Piotroski F-Score
7 (As of Today)

Good Sign:

Piotroski F-Score of 7 is 7, indicating very healthy situation.

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Dover Corp has an F-score of 7. It is a good or high score, which usually indicates a very healthy situation.

DOV' s Piotroski F-Score Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 4   Max: 8
Current: 7

4
8

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of Dover Corp was 8. The lowest was 4. And the median was 6.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Sep15) TTM:Last Year (Sep14) TTM:
Net Income was 169.294 + 209.51 + 332.396 + 186.098 = $897 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 424.772 + 134.049 + 206.141 + 200.577 = $966 Mil.
Revenue was 1977.947 + 1715.501 + 1758.628 + 1787.582 = $7,240 Mil.
Gross Profit was 723.868 + 627.159 + 654.568 + 672.608 = $2,678 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Sep14)
to the end of this year (Sep15) was
(8959.186 + 9090.385 + 8646.705 + 8466.817 + 8478.82) / 5 = $8728.3826 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Sep14) was $8,959 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $2,225 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $2,815 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $1,669 Mil.
Net Income was 193.963 + 160.138 + 213.959 + 231.844 = $800 Mil.

Revenue was 1518.497 + 1802.57 + 1962.636 + 2009.575 = $7,293 Mil.
Gross Profit was 584.808 + 707.86 + 768.099 + 774.422 = $2,835 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of last year (Sep13)
to the end of last year (Sep14) was
(10665.13 + 10855.181 + 8664.39 + 8795.074 + 8959.186) / 5 = $9587.7922 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Sep13) was $10,665 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $2,570 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $3,116 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $1,394 Mil.

Profitability

Question 1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Dover Corp's current net income (TTM) was 897. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Dover Corp's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 966. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Sep14)
=897.298/8959.186
=0.10015396

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Sep13)
=799.904/10665.13
=0.0750018

Dover Corp's return on assets of this year was 0.10015396. Dover Corp's return on assets of last year was 0.0750018. ==> This year is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA <= ROA.

Dover Corp's current net income (TTM) was 897. Dover Corp's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 966. ==> 966 > 897 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Question 5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Sep15)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Sep14 to Sep15
=2224.943/8728.3826
=0.25490897

Gearing (Last Year: Sep14)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Sep13 to Sep14
=2570.257/9587.7922
=0.268076

Dover Corp's gearing of this year was 0.25490897. Dover Corp's gearing of last year was 0.268076. ==> This year is lower or equal to last year. ==> Score 1.

Question 6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year'’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year: Sep15)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=2814.829/1668.699
=1.68684047

Current Ratio (Last Year: Sep14)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=3116.331/1393.964
=2.2355893

Dover Corp's current ratio of this year was 1.68684047. Dover Corp's current ratio of last year was 2.2355893. ==> Last year's current ratio is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

Dover Corp's number of shares in issue this year was 156.6. Dover Corp's number of shares in issue last year was 168.3. ==> There is smaller number of shares in issue this year, or the same. ==> Score 1.

Efficiency

Question 8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=2678.203/7239.658
=0.36993502

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=2835.189/7293.278
=0.38874002

Dover Corp's gross margin of this year was 0.36993502. Dover Corp's gross margin of last year was 0.38874002. ==> Last year's gross margin is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Sep14)
=7239.658/8959.186
=0.80807096

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Sep13)
=7293.278/10665.13
=0.68384333

Dover Corp's asset turnover of this year was 0.80807096. Dover Corp's asset turnover of last year was 0.68384333. ==> This year's asset turnover is higher. ==> Score 1.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score= Que. 1+ Que. 2+ Que. 3+Que. 4+Que. 5+Que. 6+Que. 7+Que. 8+Que. 9
=1+1+1+1+1+0+1+0+1
=7

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Dover Corp has an F-score of 7. It is a good or high score, which usually indicates a very healthy situation.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Dover Corp Annual Data

Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13Dec14Dec15
Question 1 1111111111
Question 2 1111111111
Question 3 0100110101
Question 4 1111111111
Question 5 1100101010
Question 6 1011110101
Question 7 0110011111
Question 8 1101100100
Question 9 1000110011
F-score 7755875767

Dover Corp Quarterly Data

Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14Sep14Dec14Mar15Jun15Sep15Dec15
Question 1 1111111111
Question 2 1111111111
Question 3 1110001111
Question 4 1111111111
Question 5 1000011110
Question 6 0111100001
Question 7 1111111111
Question 8 1111100000
Question 9 0000011111
F-score 7776667777
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