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Darden Restaurants Inc (NYSE:DRI)
Piotroski F-Score
7 (As of Today)

Good Sign:

Piotroski F-Score of 7 is 7, indicating very healthy situation.

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Darden Restaurants Inc has an F-score of 7. It is a good or high score, which usually indicates a very healthy situation.

DRI' s 10-Year Piotroski F-Score Range
Min: 4   Max: 8
Current: 7

4
8

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of Darden Restaurants Inc was 8. The lowest was 4. And the median was 7.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (May15) TTM:Last Year (May14) TTM:
Net Income was 503.2 + -32.8 + 133.8 + 105.3 = $710 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 44.6 + -70.3 + 365.1 + 131.6 = $471 Mil.
Revenue was 1595.8 + 1559 + 1730.9 + 1878.3 = $6,764 Mil.
Gross Profit was 313.2 + 289.3 + 388.6 + 431.4 = $1,423 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (May14)
to the end of this year (May15) was
(7082.7 + 6124.1 + 5787.9 + 6002.9 + 5994.7) / 5 = $6198.46 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (May14) was $7,083 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $1,452 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,056 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $1,197 Mil.
Net Income was 70.2 + 19.8 + 109.7 + 86.5 = $286 Mil.

Revenue was 1531.5 + 1485.6 + 1618.5 + 1650.1 = $6,286 Mil.
Gross Profit was 323.4 + 285.1 + 352.7 + 334 = $1,295 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of last year (May13)
to the end of last year (May14) was
(6936.9 + 7064 + 7157.3 + 7224.8 + 7082.7) / 5 = $7093.14 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (May13) was $6,937 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $2,463 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,976 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $1,619 Mil.

Profitability

Question 1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Darden Restaurants Inc's current net income (TTM) was 710. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Darden Restaurants Inc's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 471. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (May14)
=709.5/7082.7
=0.10017366

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (May13)
=286.2/6936.9
=0.04125762

Darden Restaurants Inc's return on assets of this year was 0.10017366. Darden Restaurants Inc's return on assets of last year was 0.04125762. ==> This year is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA <= ROA.

Darden Restaurants Inc's current net income (TTM) was 710. Darden Restaurants Inc's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 471. ==> 471 <= 710 ==> CFROA <= ROA ==> Score 0.

Funding

Question 5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: May15)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from May14 to May15
=1452.3/6198.46
=0.23430013

Gearing (Last Year: May14)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from May13 to May14
=2463.4/7093.14
=0.3472933

Darden Restaurants Inc's gearing of this year was 0.23430013. Darden Restaurants Inc's gearing of last year was 0.3472933. ==> This year is lower or equal to last year. ==> Score 1.

Question 6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year'’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year: May15)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=1056.4/1196.7
=0.88276093

Current Ratio (Last Year: May14)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=1975.8/1618.5
=1.22075996

Darden Restaurants Inc's current ratio of this year was 0.88276093. Darden Restaurants Inc's current ratio of last year was 1.22075996. ==> Last year's current ratio is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

Darden Restaurants Inc's number of shares in issue this year was 128.5. Darden Restaurants Inc's number of shares in issue last year was 134.1. ==> There is smaller number of shares in issue this year, or the same. ==> Score 1.

Efficiency

Question 8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=1422.5/6764
=0.21030455

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=1295.2/6285.7
=0.20605501

Darden Restaurants Inc's gross margin of this year was 0.21030455. Darden Restaurants Inc's gross margin of last year was 0.20605501. ==> This year's gross margin is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (May14)
=6764/7082.7
=0.95500304

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (May13)
=6285.7/6936.9
=0.90612521

Darden Restaurants Inc's asset turnover of this year was 0.95500304. Darden Restaurants Inc's asset turnover of last year was 0.90612521. ==> This year's asset turnover is higher. ==> Score 1.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score= Que. 1+ Que. 2+ Que. 3+Que. 4+Que. 5+Que. 6+Que. 7+Que. 8+Que. 9
=1+1+1+0+1+0+1+1+1
=7

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Darden Restaurants Inc has an F-score of 7. It is a good or high score, which usually indicates a very healthy situation.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Darden Restaurants Inc Annual Data

May06May07May08May09May10May11May12May13May14May15
Question 1 1111111111
Question 2 1111111111
Question 3 1010110001
Question 4 1111111110
Question 5 0101111011
Question 6 0101100110
Question 7 1111011001
Question 8 1100110001
Question 9 0110011001
F-score 6866786457

Darden Restaurants Inc Quarterly Data

Feb13May13Aug13Nov13Feb14May14Aug14Nov14Feb15May15
Question 1 1111111111
Question 2 1111111111
Question 3 0000001111
Question 4 1111110000
Question 5 0001111111
Question 6 1110011110
Question 7 0000001111
Question 8 0000000001
Question 9 0000000111
F-score 4444456777
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