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Empire District Electric Co (NYSE:EDE)
Piotroski F-Score
6 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 8 or 9
Bad or low score = 0 or 1

Empire District Electric Co has an F-score of 6 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.

EDE' s 10-Year Piotroski F-Score Range
Min: 3   Max: 8
Current: 6

3
8

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of Empire District Electric Co was 8. The lowest was 3. And the median was 5.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Jun14) TTM:Last Year (Jun13) TTM:
Net Income was 23.996 + 15.162 + 20.905 + 11.194 = $71.3 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 46.636 + 39.81 + 54.572 + 14.472 = $155.5 Mil.
Revenue was 157.486 + 149.058 + 179.673 + 149.782 = $636.0 Mil.
Gross Profit was 85.331 + 70.816 + 81.085 + 65.137 = $302.4 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Jun13)
to the end of this year (Jun14) was
(2168.637 + 2195.808 + 2145.045 + 2168.471 + 2207.781) / 5 = $2,177.1 Mil.
Total Assets as of Jun13 was $2,168.6 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $743.3 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $178.8 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $152.8 Mil.
Net Income was 25.542 + 9.627 + 12.63 + 11.658 = $59.5 Mil.

Revenue was 159.202 + 129.12 + 151.14 + 136.646 = $576.1 Mil.
Gross Profit was 85.877 + 57.843 + 66.775 + 64.873 = $275.4 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of last year (Jun12)
to the end of last year (Jun13) was
(2049.552 + 2066.555 + 2126.369 + 2135.773 + 2168.637) / 5 = $2,109.4 Mil.
Total Assets as of Jun12 was $2,049.6 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $743.5 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $179.2 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $86.5 Mil.

Profitability

Q1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by beginning of the year total assets.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Empire District Electric Co's current net income (ttm) was 71.3. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by beginning of the year total assets.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Empire District Electric Co's current cash flow from operations (ttm) was 155.5. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Beginning of This Year Total Assets (Jun13)
=71.257/2168.637
=0.03285797

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Beginning of Last Year Total Assets (Jun12)
=59.457/2049.552
=0.02900975

Empire District Electric Co's return on assets of this year was 0.03285797. Empire District Electric Co's return on assets of last year was 0.02900975. ==> This year is higher. ==> Score 1.

Q4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA =< ROA.

Empire District Electric Co's current net income (ttm) was 71.3. Empire District Electric Co's current cash flow from operations (ttm) was 155.5. ==> 155.5 > 71.3 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Q5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Jun14)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Jun13 to Jun14
=743.311/2177.1484
=0.34141494

Gearing (Last Year: Jun13)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Jun12 to Jun13
=743.541/2109.3772
=0.35249314

Empire District Electric Co's gearing of this year was 0.34141494. Empire District Electric Co's gearing of last year was 0.35249314. ==> This year is lower or equal to last year. ==> Score 1.

Q6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year'’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year: Jun14)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=178.762/152.823
=1.1697323

Current Ratio (Last Year: Jun13)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=179.245/86.5
=2.07219653

Empire District Electric Co's current ratio of this year was 1.1697323. Empire District Electric Co's current ratio of last year was 2.07219653. ==> Last year's current ratio is higher ==> Score 0.

Q7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

Empire District Electric Co's number of shares in issue this year was 43.3. Empire District Electric Co's number of shares in issue last year was 42.7. ==> There is larger number of shares in issue this year. ==> Score 0.

Efficiency

Q8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=302.369/635.999
=0.4754237

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=275.368/576.108
=0.47797982

Empire District Electric Co's gross margin of this year was 0.4754237. Empire District Electric Co's gross margin of last year was 0.47797982. ==> Last year's gross margin is higher ==> Score 0.

Q9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by begining of the year total assets) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Beginning of This Year Total Assets (Jun13)
=635.999/2168.637
=0.2932713

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Beginning of Last Year Total Assets (Jun12)
=576.108/2049.552
=0.28108972

Empire District Electric Co's asset turnover of this year was 0.2932713. Empire District Electric Co's asset turnover of last year was 0.28108972. ==> This year's asset turnover is higher. ==> Score 1.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score=Q1+Q2+Q3+Q4+Q5+Q6+Q7+Q8+Q9
=1+1+1+1+1+0+0+0+1
=6

Good or high score = 8 or 9

Bad or low score = 0 or 1

Empire District Electric Co has an F-score of 6 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities, Altman Z-Score, Beneish M-Score


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Empire District Electric Co Annual Data

Dec04Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13
Q1 1111111111
Q2 1111111111
Q3 0110101101
Q4 1111111111
Q5 1110110110
Q6 0001011101
Q7 0000000000
Q8 0010011111
Q9 0111001101
F-score 4675567857

Empire District Electric Co Quarterly Data

Mar12Jun12Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14
Q1 1111111111
Q2 1111111111
Q3 1100111111
Q4 1111111111
Q5 1111000001
Q6 0000111110
Q7 0000000000
Q8 0111111110
Q9 0000000111
F-score 5655666776
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