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Eaton Corp PLC (NYSE:ETN)
Piotroski F-Score
6 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 8 or 9
Bad or low score = 0 or 1

Eaton Corp PLC has an F-score of 6 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.

ETN' s 10-Year Piotroski F-Score Range
Min: 3   Max: 9
Current: 6

3
9

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of Eaton Corp PLC was 9. The lowest was 3. And the median was 6.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Mar14) TTM:Last Year (Mar13) TTM:
Net Income was 439 + 479 + 510 + 494 = $1,922 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 12 + 872 + 704 + 609 = $2,197 Mil.
Revenue was 5492 + 5527 + 5607 + 5602 = $22,228 Mil.
Gross Profit was 1634 + 1646 + 1724 + 1732 = $6,736 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Mar13) was $34,977 Mil.
Total Assets was $35,262 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $8,991 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $8,683 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $4,805 Mil.
Net Income was 378 + 179 + 345 + 382 = $1,284 Mil.

Revenue was 5310 + 4333 + 3950 + 4068 = $17,661 Mil.
Gross Profit was 1575 + 1201 + 1203 + 1253 = $5,232 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Mar12) was $17,993 Mil.
Total Assets was $34,977 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $9,473 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $8,196 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $4,903 Mil.

Profitability

Q1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Eaton Corp PLC's current net income was 1,922. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Eaton Corp PLC's current cash flow from operations was 2,197. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income/Total Assets at the beginning of this year (Mar13)
=1922/34977
=0.0549504

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income/Total Assets at the beginning of last year (Mar12)
=1284/17993
=0.07136108

Eaton Corp PLC's return on assets of this year was 0.0549504. Eaton Corp PLC's return on assets of last year was 0.07136108. ==> Last year is higher ==> Score 0.

Q4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA =< ROA.

Eaton Corp PLC's current net income was 1,922. Eaton Corp PLC's current cash flow from operations was 2,197. ==> 2,197 > 1,922 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Q5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 1 if gearing is lower, 0 if it’s higher.

Gearing (This Year)=Long-Term Debt/Total Assets
=8991/35262
=0.25497703

Gearing (Last Year)=Long-Term Debt/Total Assets
=9473/34977
=0.27083512

Eaton Corp PLC's gearing of this year was 0.25497703. Eaton Corp PLC's gearing of last year was 0.27083512. ==> This year is lower. ==> Score 1.

Q6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=8683/4805
=1.80707596

Current Ratio (Last Year)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=8196/4903
=1.67162961

Eaton Corp PLC's current ratio of this year was 1.80707596. Eaton Corp PLC's current ratio of last year was 1.67162961. ==> This year's current ratio is higher. ==> Score 1.

Q7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 1 if there is fewer number of shares in issue this year. Score 0 otherwise.

Eaton Corp PLC's number of shares in issue this year was 478.8. Eaton Corp PLC's number of shares in issue last year was 475.1. ==> There is more number of shares in issue this year. ==> Score 0.

Efficiency

Q8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=6736/22228
=0.30304121

Gross Margin (Last Year)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=5232/17661
=0.29624597

Eaton Corp PLC's gross margin of this year was 0.30304121. Eaton Corp PLC's gross margin of last year was 0.29624597. ==> This year's gross margin is higher. ==> Score 1.

Q9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the beginning of this year (Mar13)
=22228/34977
=0.63550333

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the beginning of last year (Mar12)
=17661/17993
=0.98154838

Eaton Corp PLC's asset turnover of this year was 0.63550333. Eaton Corp PLC's asset turnover of last year was 0.98154838. ==> Last year's asset turnover is higher ==> Score 0.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score=Q1+Q2+Q3+Q4+Q5+Q6+Q7+Q8+Q9
=1+1+0+1+1+1+0+1+0
=6

Good or high score = 8 or 9

Bad or low score = 0 or 1

Eaton Corp PLC has an F-score of 6 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Eaton Corp PLC Annual Data

Dec04Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13
Q1 1111111111
Q2 1111111111
Q3 1110001100
Q4 1111111011
Q5 1110001101
Q6 0010011001
Q7 0111000000
Q8 1101001101
Q9 1100101100
F-score 7875448636

Eaton Corp PLC Quarterly Data

Dec11Mar12Jun12Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14
Q1 1111111111
Q2 1111111111
Q3 1111000100
Q4 0111111111
Q5 1110000011
Q6 0001010111
Q7 0111000000
Q8 1111000011
Q9 1100011100
F-score 6877354666
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