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Express, Inc. (NYSE:EXPR)
Piotroski F-Score
6 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 8 or 9
Bad or low score = 0 or 1

Express, Inc. has an F-score of 6 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.

EXPR' s 10-Year Piotroski F-Score Range
Min: 6   Max: 7
Current: 6

6
7

During the past 7 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of Express, Inc. was 7. The lowest was 6. And the median was 7.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Jan14) TTM:Last Year (Jan13) TTM:
Net Income was 47.926 + 19.267 + 16.909 + 32.437 = $117 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 157.435 + 1.107 + 31.172 + 5.361 = $195 Mil.
Revenue was 721.451 + 502.992 + 486.158 + 508.524 = $2,219 Mil.
Gross Profit was 229.118 + 165.265 + 152.547 + 170.777 = $718 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Jan13) was $1,019 Mil.
Total Assets was $1,183 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $199 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $583 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $299 Mil.
Net Income was 63.943 + 17.422 + 15.829 + 42.073 = $139 Mil.

Revenue was 737.869 + 468.527 + 454.879 + 495.952 = $2,157 Mil.
Gross Profit was 255.813 + 151.538 + 146.521 + 188.767 = $743 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Jan12) was $866 Mil.
Total Assets was $1,019 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $199 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $516 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $313 Mil.

Profitability

Q1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Express, Inc.'s current net income was 117. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Express, Inc.'s current cash flow from operations was 195. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income/Total Assets at the beginning of this year (Jan13)
=116.539/1019.199
=0.11434372

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income/Total Assets at the beginning of last year (Jan12)
=139.267/866.32
=0.160757

Express, Inc.'s return on assets of this year was 0.11434372. Express, Inc.'s return on assets of last year was 0.160757. ==> Last year is higher ==> Score 0.

Q4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA =< ROA.

Express, Inc.'s current net income was 117. Express, Inc.'s current cash flow from operations was 195. ==> 195 > 117 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Q5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 1 if gearing is lower, 0 if it’s higher.

Gearing (This Year)=Long-Term Debt/Total Assets
=199.17/1182.67
=0.16840708

Gearing (Last Year)=Long-Term Debt/Total Assets
=198.843/1019.199
=0.19509733

Express, Inc.'s gearing of this year was 0.16840708. Express, Inc.'s gearing of last year was 0.19509733. ==> This year is lower. ==> Score 1.

Q6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=583.461/299.207
=1.95002456

Current Ratio (Last Year)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=515.862/312.776
=1.64930174

Express, Inc.'s current ratio of this year was 1.95002456. Express, Inc.'s current ratio of last year was 1.64930174. ==> This year's current ratio is higher. ==> Score 1.

Q7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 1 if there is fewer number of shares in issue this year. Score 0 otherwise.

Express, Inc.'s number of shares in issue this year was 84.6. Express, Inc.'s number of shares in issue last year was 85.3. ==> There is the same number of shares in issue this year, or fewer. ==> Score 1.

Efficiency

Q8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=717.707/2219.125
=0.32341892

Gross Margin (Last Year)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=742.639/2157.227
=0.34425631

Express, Inc.'s gross margin of this year was 0.32341892. Express, Inc.'s gross margin of last year was 0.34425631. ==> Last year's gross margin is higher ==> Score 0.

Q9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the beginning of this year (Jan13)
=2219.125/1019.199
=2.17732258

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the beginning of last year (Jan12)
=2157.227/866.32
=2.49010412

Express, Inc.'s asset turnover of this year was 2.17732258. Express, Inc.'s asset turnover of last year was 2.49010412. ==> Last year's asset turnover is higher ==> Score 0.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score=Q1+Q2+Q3+Q4+Q5+Q6+Q7+Q8+Q9
=1+1+0+1+1+1+1+0+0
=6

Good or high score = 8 or 9

Bad or low score = 0 or 1

Express, Inc. has an F-score of 6 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Express, Inc. Annual Data

Jan08Jan09Jan10Jan11Jan12Jan13Jan14
Q1 111
Q2 111
Q3 100
Q4 111
Q5 111
Q6 011
Q7 011
Q8 100
Q9 110
F-score 776

Express, Inc. Quarterly Data

Oct11Jan12Apr12Jul12Oct12Jan13Apr13Jul13Oct13Jan14
Q1 1111111111
Q2 1111111111
Q3 1101000000
Q4 1111111111
Q5 1111111111
Q6 1010011111
Q7 0001111111
Q8 1110000000
Q9 1100010110
F-score 8766576776
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