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Express, Inc. (NYSE:EXPR)
Piotroski F-Score
4 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Express, Inc. has an F-score of 4 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.

EXPR' s 10-Year Piotroski F-Score Range
Min: 4   Max: 8
Current: 4

4
8

During the past 8 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of Express, Inc. was 8. The lowest was 4. And the median was 6.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Apr15) TTM:Last Year (Apr14) TTM:
Net Income was 6.867 + 14.585 + 41.79 + 13.062 = $76 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 35.992 + -6.798 + 158.563 + 5.368 = $193 Mil.
Revenue was 481.42 + 497.608 + 725.801 + 502.378 = $2,207 Mil.
Gross Profit was 136.025 + 157.558 + 229.998 + 166.444 = $690 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Apr14)
to the end of this year (Apr15) was
(1172.144 + 1198.922 + 1278.07 + 1278.15 + 1082.748) / 5 = $1202.0068 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Apr14) was $1,172 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $0 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $457 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $278 Mil.
Net Income was 16.909 + 19.267 + 47.926 + 5.083 = $89 Mil.

Revenue was 490.075 + 503.808 + 715.88 + 460.652 = $2,170 Mil.
Gross Profit was 152.547 + 165.265 + 229.118 + 137.373 = $684 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of last year (Apr13)
to the end of last year (Apr14) was
(1036.863 + 1093.791 + 1168.726 + 1182.67 + 1172.144) / 5 = $1130.8388 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Apr13) was $1,037 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $199 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $554 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $265 Mil.

Profitability

Question 1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Express, Inc.'s current net income (TTM) was 76. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Express, Inc.'s current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 193. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Apr14)
=76.304/1172.144
=0.0650978

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Apr13)
=89.185/1036.863
=0.08601426

Express, Inc.'s return on assets of this year was 0.0650978. Express, Inc.'s return on assets of last year was 0.08601426. ==> Last year is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA <= ROA.

Express, Inc.'s current net income (TTM) was 76. Express, Inc.'s current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 193. ==> 193 > 76 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Question 5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Apr15)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Apr14 to Apr15
=0/1202.0068
=0

Gearing (Last Year: Apr14)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Apr13 to Apr14
=199.257/1130.8388
=0.17620283

Express, Inc.'s gearing of this year was 0. Express, Inc.'s gearing of last year was 0.17620283. ==> This year is lower or equal to last year. ==> Score 1.

Question 6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year'’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year: Apr15)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=456.513/277.515
=1.64500297

Current Ratio (Last Year: Apr14)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=554.258/264.71
=2.09383098

Express, Inc.'s current ratio of this year was 1.64500297. Express, Inc.'s current ratio of last year was 2.09383098. ==> Last year's current ratio is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

Express, Inc.'s number of shares in issue this year was 85. Express, Inc.'s number of shares in issue last year was 84.4. ==> There is larger number of shares in issue this year. ==> Score 0.

Efficiency

Question 8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=690.025/2207.207
=0.3126236

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=684.303/2170.415
=0.31528671

Express, Inc.'s gross margin of this year was 0.3126236. Express, Inc.'s gross margin of last year was 0.31528671. ==> Last year's gross margin is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Apr14)
=2207.207/1172.144
=1.88305106

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Apr13)
=2170.415/1036.863
=2.09325147

Express, Inc.'s asset turnover of this year was 1.88305106. Express, Inc.'s asset turnover of last year was 2.09325147. ==> Last year's asset turnover is higher ==> Score 0.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score= Que. 1+ Que. 2+ Que. 3+Que. 4+Que. 5+Que. 6+Que. 7+Que. 8+Que. 9
=1+1+0+1+1+0+0+0+0
=4

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Express, Inc. has an F-score of 4 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Express, Inc. Annual Data

Jan08Jan09Jan10Jan11Jan12Jan13Jan14Jan15
Question 1 1111
Question 2 1111
Question 3 1000
Question 4 1111
Question 5 1111
Question 6 0111
Question 7 0111
Question 8 1000
Question 9 1100
F-score 7766

Express, Inc. Quarterly Data

Jan13Apr13Jul13Oct13Jan14Apr14Jul14Oct14Jan15Apr15
Question 1 1111111111
Question 2 1111111111
Question 3 0000000000
Question 4 1111111111
Question 5 1111111111
Question 6 1111111110
Question 7 1111111000
Question 8 0000000000
Question 9 1011000000
F-score 7677666554
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