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FMC Corp (NYSE:FMC)
Piotroski F-Score
4 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

FMC Corp has an F-score of 4 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.

FMC' s Piotroski F-Score Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 3   Max: 9
Current: 4

3
9

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of FMC Corp was 9. The lowest was 3. And the median was 6.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Jun16) TTM:Last Year (Jun15) TTM:
Net Income was -2.4 + -204.1 + 48.3 + 65.2 = $-93 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was -137.9 + -47.2 + 100.3 + 124.2 = $39 Mil.
Revenue was 830.7 + 899.3 + 798.8 + 810.3 = $3,339 Mil.
Gross Profit was 220.3 + 298.6 + 281.4 + 301.3 = $1,102 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Jun15)
to the end of this year (Jun16) was
(7075.2 + 6447 + 6325.9 + 6390.4 + 6282.2) / 5 = $6504.14 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Jun15) was $7,075 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $1,989 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $2,899 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $1,354 Mil.
Net Income was 56.3 + 76.5 + -46.8 + 742.3 = $828 Mil.

Revenue was 819.1 + 887.8 + 659.4 + 887.1 = $3,253 Mil.
Gross Profit was 283.5 + 318.3 + 250.7 + 305.8 = $1,158 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of last year (Jun14)
to the end of last year (Jun15) was
(5127.3 + 5251.1 + 5326 + 5311.7 + 7075.2) / 5 = $5618.26 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Jun14) was $5,127 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $2,051 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $3,806 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $1,981 Mil.

Profitability

Question 1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

FMC Corp's current net income (TTM) was -93. ==> Negative ==> Score 0.

Question 2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

FMC Corp's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 39. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Jun14)
=828.3/5127.3
=0.16154701

FMC Corp's return on assets of this year was -0.0131445. FMC Corp's return on assets of last year was 0.16154701. ==> Last year is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA <= ROA.

FMC Corp's current net income (TTM) was -93. FMC Corp's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 39. ==> 39 > -93 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Question 5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Jun16)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Jun15 to Jun16
=1988.9/6504.14
=0.30578985

Gearing (Last Year: Jun15)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Jun14 to Jun15
=2050.9/5618.26
=0.36504185

FMC Corp's gearing of this year was 0.30578985. FMC Corp's gearing of last year was 0.36504185. ==> This year is lower or equal to last year. ==> Score 1.

Question 6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year'’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year: Jun16)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=2899.1/1354.1
=2.14097925

Current Ratio (Last Year: Jun15)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=3805.7/1980.6
=1.92148844

FMC Corp's current ratio of this year was 2.14097925. FMC Corp's current ratio of last year was 1.92148844. ==> This year's current ratio is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

FMC Corp's number of shares in issue this year was 134.6. FMC Corp's number of shares in issue last year was 134.4. ==> There is larger number of shares in issue this year. ==> Score 0.

Efficiency

Question 8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=1101.6/3339.1
=0.32990926

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=1158.3/3253.4
=0.35602754

FMC Corp's gross margin of this year was 0.32990926. FMC Corp's gross margin of last year was 0.35602754. ==> Last year's gross margin is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Jun15)
=3339.1/7075.2
=0.47194426

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Jun14)
=3253.4/5127.3
=0.63452499

FMC Corp's asset turnover of this year was 0.47194426. FMC Corp's asset turnover of last year was 0.63452499. ==> Last year's asset turnover is higher ==> Score 0.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score= Que. 1+ Que. 2+ Que. 3+Que. 4+Que. 5+Que. 6+Que. 7+Que. 8+Que. 9
=0+1+0+1+1+1+0+0+0
=4

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

FMC Corp has an F-score of 4 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

FMC Corp Annual Data

Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13Dec14Dec15
Question 1 1111111111
Question 2 1111111110
Question 3 1110011001
Question 4 1111110110
Question 5 1101100010
Question 6 0111010011
Question 7 0111111111
Question 8 1110111100
Question 9 1110101000
F-score 7986776564

FMC Corp Quarterly Data

Mar14Jun14Sep14Dec14Mar15Jun15Sep15Dec15Mar16Jun16
Question 1 1111111110
Question 2 1111110011
Question 3 0000011110
Question 4 1001000001
Question 5 1001100001
Question 6 0011111111
Question 7 1111100100
Question 8 1110000000
Question 9 0000001010
F-score 6456544454
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