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CSX Corp (FRA:CXR)
Piotroski F-Score
8 (As of Today)

Good Sign:

Piotroski F-Score of 8 is 8, indicating very healthy situation.

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

CSX Corp has an F-score of 8. It is a good or high score, which usually indicates a very healthy situation.

FRA:CXR' s 10-Year Piotroski F-Score Range
Min: 3   Max: 8
Current: 8

3
8

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of CSX Corp was 8. The lowest was 3. And the median was 6.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Mar15) TTM:Last Year (Mar14) TTM:
Net Income was 389.256806475 + 394.879751746 + 398.215733982 + 408.502772643 = €1,591 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 622.516556291 + 664.85647789 + 844.282238443 + 637.707948244 = €2,769 Mil.
Revenue was 2387.04930096 + 2498.83630721 + 2588.80778589 + 2797.59704251 = €10,272 Mil.
Gross Profit was 1540.10301692 + 1638.47944143 + 1703.16301703 + 1864.14048059 = €6,746 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Mar14)
to the end of this year (Mar15) was
(22906.7245119 + 23528.3296542 + 25308.7664856 + 26806.9748581 + 30647.8743068) / 5 = €25839.7339633 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Mar14) was €22,907 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was €8,792 Mil.
Total Current Assets was €2,271 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was €1,884 Mil.
Net Income was 394.996209249 + 340.823970037 + 310.495626822 + 287.780187997 = €1,334 Mil.

Revenue was 2309.3252464 + 2235.95505618 + 2209.91253644 + 2177.87418655 = €8,933 Mil.
Gross Profit was 1510.99317665 + 1429.21348315 + 1382.65306122 + 1327.54880694 = €5,650 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of last year (Mar13)
to the end of last year (Mar14) was
(23618.5328185 + 23412.4336619 + 23178.2771536 + 23164.7230321 + 22906.7245119) / 5 = €23256.1382356 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Mar13) was €23,619 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was €6,523 Mil.
Total Current Assets was €1,655 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was €1,599 Mil.

Profitability

Question 1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

CSX Corp's current net income (TTM) was 1,591. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

CSX Corp's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 2,769. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Mar14)
=1590.85506485/22906.7245119
=0.06944926

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Mar13)
=1334.09599411/23618.5328185
=0.05648513

CSX Corp's return on assets of this year was 0.06944926. CSX Corp's return on assets of last year was 0.05648513. ==> This year is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA <= ROA.

CSX Corp's current net income (TTM) was 1,591. CSX Corp's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 2,769. ==> 2,769 > 1,591 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Question 5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Mar15)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Mar14 to Mar15
=8792.05175601/25839.7339633
=0.34025318

Gearing (Last Year: Mar14)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Mar13 to Mar14
=6522.77657267/23256.1382356
=0.28047548

CSX Corp's gearing of this year was 0.34025318. CSX Corp's gearing of last year was 0.28047548. ==> Last year is lower than this year ==> Score 0.

Question 6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year'’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year: Mar15)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=2270.7948244/1883.54898336
=1.20559372

Current Ratio (Last Year: Mar14)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=1655.09761388/1599.42154736
=1.03481013

CSX Corp's current ratio of this year was 1.20559372. CSX Corp's current ratio of last year was 1.03481013. ==> This year's current ratio is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

CSX Corp's number of shares in issue this year was 992. CSX Corp's number of shares in issue last year was 1008. ==> There is smaller number of shares in issue this year, or the same. ==> Score 1.

Efficiency

Question 8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=6745.88595597/10272.2904366
=0.65670709

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=5650.40852796/8933.06702557
=0.63252727

CSX Corp's gross margin of this year was 0.65670709. CSX Corp's gross margin of last year was 0.63252727. ==> This year's gross margin is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Mar14)
=10272.2904366/22906.7245119
=0.44843995

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Mar13)
=8933.06702557/23618.5328185
=0.37822278

CSX Corp's asset turnover of this year was 0.44843995. CSX Corp's asset turnover of last year was 0.37822278. ==> This year's asset turnover is higher. ==> Score 1.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score= Que. 1+ Que. 2+ Que. 3+Que. 4+Que. 5+Que. 6+Que. 7+Que. 8+Que. 9
=1+1+1+1+0+1+1+1+1
=8

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

CSX Corp has an F-score of 8. It is a good or high score, which usually indicates a very healthy situation.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

CSX Corp Annual Data

Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13Dec14
Question 1 1111111111
Question 2 1111111111
Question 3 1001011001
Question 4 0111111111
Question 5 1100101110
Question 6 0101100101
Question 7 0011111111
Question 8 1110100111
Question 9 1011010001
F-score 6667766768

CSX Corp Quarterly Data

Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14Sep14Dec14Mar15
Question 1 1111111111
Question 2 1111111111
Question 3 1000000011
Question 4 1111111111
Question 5 1111111000
Question 6 1111000111
Question 7 1111111111
Question 8 1111100011
Question 9 1000001111
F-score 7776655678
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