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Five Star Quality Care Inc (NYSE:FVE)
Piotroski F-Score
4 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Five Star Quality Care Inc has an F-score of 4 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.

FVE' s Piotroski F-Score Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 2   Max: 6
Current: 4

2
6

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of Five Star Quality Care Inc was 6. The lowest was 2. And the median was 4.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Dec15) TTM:Last Year (Dec14) TTM:
Net Income was -5.302 + -3.91 + -27.488 + -6.383 = $-43 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 15.988 + 7.97 + 11.746 + 4.836 = $41 Mil.
Revenue was 333.973 + 342.269 + 344.572 + 344.596 = $1,365 Mil.
Gross Profit was 205.471 + 73.038 + 209.765 + 206.573 = $695 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Dec14)
to the end of this year (Dec15) was
(534.973 + 530.562 + 535.454 + 507.272 + 531.77) / 5 = $528.0062 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Dec14) was $535 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $60 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $112 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $244 Mil.
Net Income was -6.759 + -1.891 + -3.008 + -73.748 = $-85 Mil.

Revenue was 328.411 + 332.799 + 334.339 + 332.526 = $1,328 Mil.
Gross Profit was 201.389 + 73.308 + 208.632 + 199.028 = $682 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of last year (Dec13)
to the end of last year (Dec14) was
(590.183 + 570.364 + 605.561 + 603.888 + 534.973) / 5 = $580.9938 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Dec13) was $590 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $49 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $122 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $215 Mil.

Profitability

Question 1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Five Star Quality Care Inc's current net income (TTM) was -43. ==> Negative ==> Score 0.

Question 2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Five Star Quality Care Inc's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 41. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Dec14)
=-43.083/534.973
=-0.08053304

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Dec13)
=-85.406/590.183
=-0.14471105

Five Star Quality Care Inc's return on assets of this year was -0.08053304. Five Star Quality Care Inc's return on assets of last year was -0.14471105. ==> This year is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA <= ROA.

Five Star Quality Care Inc's current net income (TTM) was -43. Five Star Quality Care Inc's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 41. ==> 41 > -43 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Question 5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Dec15)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Dec14 to Dec15
=60.396/528.0062
=0.11438502

Gearing (Last Year: Dec14)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Dec13 to Dec14
=49.373/580.9938
=0.08498025

Five Star Quality Care Inc's gearing of this year was 0.11438502. Five Star Quality Care Inc's gearing of last year was 0.08498025. ==> Last year is lower than this year ==> Score 0.

Question 6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year'’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year: Dec15)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=112.069/243.92
=0.45944982

Current Ratio (Last Year: Dec14)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=121.781/215.392
=0.5653924

Five Star Quality Care Inc's current ratio of this year was 0.45944982. Five Star Quality Care Inc's current ratio of last year was 0.5653924. ==> Last year's current ratio is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

Five Star Quality Care Inc's number of shares in issue this year was 48.4. Five Star Quality Care Inc's number of shares in issue last year was 48. ==> There is larger number of shares in issue this year. ==> Score 0.

Efficiency

Question 8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=694.847/1365.41
=0.50889257

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=682.357/1328.075
=0.51379403

Five Star Quality Care Inc's gross margin of this year was 0.50889257. Five Star Quality Care Inc's gross margin of last year was 0.51379403. ==> Last year's gross margin is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Dec14)
=1365.41/534.973
=2.55229703

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Dec13)
=1328.075/590.183
=2.25027661

Five Star Quality Care Inc's asset turnover of this year was 2.55229703. Five Star Quality Care Inc's asset turnover of last year was 2.25027661. ==> This year's asset turnover is higher. ==> Score 1.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score= Que. 1+ Que. 2+ Que. 3+Que. 4+Que. 5+Que. 6+Que. 7+Que. 8+Que. 9
=0+1+1+1+0+0+0+0+1
=4

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Five Star Quality Care Inc has an F-score of 4 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Five Star Quality Care Inc Annual Data

Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13Dec14Dec15
Question 1 0101111000
Question 2 0111111111
Question 3 0101010001
Question 4 0110101111
Question 5 0101101100
Question 6 1101000000
Question 7 0010000110
Question 8 0001101000
Question 9 1010010111
F-score 2646545544

Five Star Quality Care Inc Quarterly Data

Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14Sep14Dec14Mar15Jun15Sep15Dec15
Question 1 1000000000
Question 2 1111111111
Question 3 0000000001
Question 4 1111111111
Question 5 1110000110
Question 6 1000000000
Question 7 1111110000
Question 8 0000000000
Question 9 1111111001
F-score 7554443334
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