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Golar LNG Ltd (NAS:GLNG)
Piotroski F-Score
2 (As of Today)

Warning Sign:

Piotroski F-Score of 2 is low, which usually implies poor business operation.

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 8 or 9
Bad or low score = 0 or 1

Golar LNG Ltd has an F-score of 2. It is a bad or low score, which usually implies poor business operation.

GLNG' s 10-Year Piotroski F-Score Range
Min: 2   Max: 9
Current: 2

2
9

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of Golar LNG Ltd was 9. The lowest was 2. And the median was 6.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Jun14) TTM:Last Year (Jun13) TTM:
Net Income was -13.131 + 4.311 + 12.991 + -24.23 = $-20.06 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 22.837 + 10.248 + -80.964 + 73.372 = $25.49 Mil.
Revenue was 17.03 + 19.757 + 20.966 + 21.084 = $78.84 Mil.
Gross Profit was 2.256 + 1.932 + 1.085 + 6.058 = $11.33 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Jun13)
to the end of this year (Jun14) was
(2464.083 + 2427.239 + 2665.221 + 2697.311 + 3406.735) / 5 = $2,732.12 Mil.
Total Assets was $3,406.74 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $656.88 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $541.24 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $223.27 Mil.
Net Income was 44.726 + 875.985 + 85.564 + 58.969 = $1,065.24 Mil.

Revenue was 121.126 + 99.158 + 35.811 + 27.926 = $284.02 Mil.
Gross Profit was 98.363 + 74.925 + 24.492 + 13.835 = $211.62 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of last year (Jun12)
to the end of last year (Jun13) was
(2451.024 + 2542.589 + 2414.399 + 2447.537 + 2464.083) / 5 = $2,463.93 Mil.
Total Assets was $2,464.08 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $403.61 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $250.31 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $44.92 Mil.

Profitability

Q1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by average total assets throughout the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Golar LNG Ltd's current net income (ttm) was -20.06. ==> Negative ==> Score 0.

Q2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by average total assets throughout the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Golar LNG Ltd's current cash flow from operations (ttm) was 25.49. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Average Total Assets from Jun13 to Jun14
=-20.059/2732.1178
=-0.00734192

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Average Total Assets from Jun12 to Jun13
=1065.244/2463.9264
=0.43233597

Golar LNG Ltd's return on assets of this year was -0.00734192. Golar LNG Ltd's return on assets of last year was 0.43233597. ==> Last year is higher ==> Score 0.

Q4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA =< ROA.

Golar LNG Ltd's current net income (ttm) was -20.06. Golar LNG Ltd's current cash flow from operations (ttm) was 25.49. ==> 25.49 > -20.06 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Q5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Jun14)=Long-Term Debt/Total Assets
=656.875/3406.735
=0.19281658

Gearing (Last Year: Jun13)=Long-Term Debt/Total Assets
=403.605/2464.083
=0.16379521

Golar LNG Ltd's gearing of this year was 0.19281658. Golar LNG Ltd's gearing of last year was 0.16379521. ==> Last year is lower than this year ==> Score 0.

Q6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year'’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year: Jun14)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=541.244/223.272
=2.42414633

Current Ratio (Last Year: Jun13)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=250.311/44.919
=5.57249716

Golar LNG Ltd's current ratio of this year was 2.42414633. Golar LNG Ltd's current ratio of last year was 5.57249716. ==> Last year's current ratio is higher ==> Score 0.

Q7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

Golar LNG Ltd's number of shares in issue this year was 85.5. Golar LNG Ltd's number of shares in issue last year was 0. ==> There is larger number of shares in issue this year. ==> Score 0.

Efficiency

Q8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=11.331/78.837
=0.14372693

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=211.615/284.021
=0.74506815

Golar LNG Ltd's gross margin of this year was 0.14372693. Golar LNG Ltd's gross margin of last year was 0.74506815. ==> Last year's gross margin is higher ==> Score 0.

Q9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by average total assets throughout the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Average Total Assets from Jun13 to Jun14
=78.837/2732.1178
=0.02885564

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Average Total Assets from Jun12 to Jun13
=284.021/2463.9264
=0.11527171

Golar LNG Ltd's asset turnover of this year was 0.02885564. Golar LNG Ltd's asset turnover of last year was 0.11527171. ==> Last year's asset turnover is higher ==> Score 0.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score=Q1+Q2+Q3+Q4+Q5+Q6+Q7+Q8+Q9
=0+1+0+1+0+0+0+0+0
=2

Good or high score = 8 or 9

Bad or low score = 0 or 1

Golar LNG Ltd has an F-score of 2. It is a bad or low score, which usually implies poor business operation.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities, Altman Z-Score, Beneish M-Score


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Golar LNG Ltd Annual Data

Dec04Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13
Q1 1111011111
Q2 1111111111
Q3 1011010110
Q4 1110111100
Q5 0101111110
Q6 0101010010
Q7 0011000000
Q8 1010001100
Q9 1110101110
F-score 6676466762

Golar LNG Ltd Quarterly Data

Mar12Jun12Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14
Q1 111111110
Q2 111111101
Q3 111111000
Q4 110000001
Q5 101111000
Q6 001111000
Q7 010111010
Q8 110100000
Q9 001100000
F-score 6696866222
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