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HDFC Bank Ltd (NYSE:HDB)
Piotroski F-Score
2 (As of Today)

Warning Sign:

Piotroski F-Score of 2 is low, which usually implies poor business operation.

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 8 or 9
Bad or low score = 0 or 1

HDFC Bank Ltd has an F-score of 2. It is a bad or low score, which usually implies poor business operation.

HDB' s 10-Year Piotroski F-Score Range
Min: 2   Max: 6
Current: 2

2
6

During the past 14 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of HDFC Bank Ltd was 6. The lowest was 2. And the median was 4.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Dec13) TTM:Last Year (Dec12) TTM:
Net Income was 374.472675748 + 260.899912346 + 308.539013738 + 247.680583168 = $1,192 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 0 + 91.2362432231 + 0 + -47.8407333775 = $43 Mil.
Revenue was 1092.17144881 + 982.844203487 + 1061.61208815 + 1041.99617112 = $4,179 Mil.
Gross Profit was 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 = $0 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Dec12) was $70,761 Mil.
Total Assets was $75,376 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $7,060 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $0 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $0 Mil.
Net Income was 342.81841819 + 293.781544256 + 255.731168245 + 244.602437609 = $1,137 Mil.

Revenue was 1089.70477051 + 1008.22787194 + 956.571944069 + 1013.4610176 = $4,068 Mil.
Gross Profit was 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 = $0 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Dec11) was $65,779 Mil.
Total Assets was $70,761 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $5,824 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $0 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $0 Mil.

Profitability

Q1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

HDFC Bank Ltd's current net income was 1,192. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

HDFC Bank Ltd's current cash flow from operations was 43. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income/Total Assets at the beginning of this year (Dec12)
=1191.592185/70760.8253886
=0.01683972

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income/Total Assets at the beginning of last year (Dec11)
=1136.9335683/65779.1341516
=0.01728411

HDFC Bank Ltd's return on assets of this year was 0.01683972. HDFC Bank Ltd's return on assets of last year was 0.01728411. ==> Last year is higher ==> Score 0.

Q4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA =< ROA.

HDFC Bank Ltd's current net income was 1,192. HDFC Bank Ltd's current cash flow from operations was 43. ==> 43 =< 1,192 ==> CFROA =< ROA ==> Score 0.

Funding

Q5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 1 if gearing is lower, 0 if it’s higher.

Gearing (This Year)=Long-Term Debt/Total Assets
=7060.25987827/75376.3195182
=0.09366682

Gearing (Last Year)=Long-Term Debt/Total Assets
=5824.30802707/70760.8253886
=0.08230978

HDFC Bank Ltd's gearing of this year was 0.09366682. HDFC Bank Ltd's gearing of last year was 0.08230978. ==> Last year is lower ==> Score 0.

Q6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=0/0
=

Current Ratio (Last Year)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=0/0
=

HDFC Bank Ltd's current ratio of this year was . HDFC Bank Ltd's current ratio of last year was . ==> Last year's current ratio is higher ==> Score 0.

Q7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 1 if there is fewer number of shares in issue this year. Score 0 otherwise.

HDFC Bank Ltd's number of shares in issue this year was 0. HDFC Bank Ltd's number of shares in issue last year was 0. ==> There is more number of shares in issue this year. ==> Score 0.

Efficiency

Q8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=0/4178.62391157
=0

Gross Margin (Last Year)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=0/4067.96560412
=0

HDFC Bank Ltd's gross margin of this year was 0. HDFC Bank Ltd's gross margin of last year was 0. ==> Last year's gross margin is higher ==> Score 0.

Q9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the beginning of this year (Dec12)
=4178.62391157/70760.8253886
=0.05905279

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the beginning of last year (Dec11)
=4067.96560412/65779.1341516
=0.0618428

HDFC Bank Ltd's asset turnover of this year was 0.05905279. HDFC Bank Ltd's asset turnover of last year was 0.0618428. ==> Last year's asset turnover is higher ==> Score 0.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score=Q1+Q2+Q3+Q4+Q5+Q6+Q7+Q8+Q9
=1+1+0+0+0+0+0+0+0
=2

Good or high score = 8 or 9

Bad or low score = 0 or 1

HDFC Bank Ltd has an F-score of 2. It is a bad or low score, which usually implies poor business operation.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

HDFC Bank Ltd Annual Data

Mar05Mar06Mar07Mar08Mar09Mar10Mar11Mar12Mar13Mar14
Q1 111111111
Q2 101011111
Q3 010001101
Q4 001011101
Q5 100101000
Q6 000000000
Q7 000000000
Q8 000000000
Q9 001101001
F-score 324336425

HDFC Bank Ltd Quarterly Data

Dec11Mar12Jun12Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14
Q1 111111111
Q2 111111111
Q3 100001100
Q4 000111100
Q5 001000010
Q6 000000000
Q7 000000000
Q8 000000000
Q9 000001100
F-score 4232253500
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