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Hartford Financial Services Group Inc (NYSE:HIG)
Piotroski F-Score
6 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 8 or 9
Bad or low score = 0 or 1

Hartford Financial Services Group Inc has an F-score of 6 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.

HIG' s 10-Year Piotroski F-Score Range
Min: 3   Max: 6
Current: 6

3
6

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of Hartford Financial Services Group Inc was 6. The lowest was 3. And the median was 5.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Dec13) TTM:Last Year (Dec12) TTM:
Net Income was 314 + 293 + -190 + -241 = $176 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 334 + 495 + 222 + 186 = $1,237 Mil.
Revenue was 6087 + 5641 + 5465 + 9178 = $26,371 Mil.
Gross Profit was 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 = $0 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Dec12) was $298,513 Mil.
Total Assets was $277,884 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $6,190 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $0 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $0 Mil.
Net Income was -46 + 13 + -101 + 96 = $-38 Mil.

Revenue was 7700 + 6442 + 4565 + 7661 = $26,368 Mil.
Gross Profit was 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 = $0 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Dec11) was $302,609 Mil.
Total Assets was $298,513 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $6,967 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $0 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $0 Mil.

Profitability

Q1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Hartford Financial Services Group Inc's current net income was 176. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Hartford Financial Services Group Inc's current cash flow from operations was 1,237. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income/Total Assets at the beginning of this year (Dec12)
=176/298513
=0.00058959

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income/Total Assets at the beginning of last year (Dec11)
=-38/302609
=-0.00012557

Hartford Financial Services Group Inc's return on assets of this year was 0.00058959. Hartford Financial Services Group Inc's return on assets of last year was -0.00012557. ==> This year is higher. ==> Score 1.

Q4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA =< ROA.

Hartford Financial Services Group Inc's current net income was 176. Hartford Financial Services Group Inc's current cash flow from operations was 1,237. ==> 1,237 > 176 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Q5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 1 if gearing is lower, 0 if it’s higher.

Gearing (This Year)=Long-Term Debt/Total Assets
=6190/277884
=0.02227548

Gearing (Last Year)=Long-Term Debt/Total Assets
=6967/298513
=0.02333902

Hartford Financial Services Group Inc's gearing of this year was 0.02227548. Hartford Financial Services Group Inc's gearing of last year was 0.02333902. ==> This year is lower. ==> Score 1.

Q6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=0/0
=

Current Ratio (Last Year)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=0/0
=

Hartford Financial Services Group Inc's current ratio of this year was . Hartford Financial Services Group Inc's current ratio of last year was . ==> Last year's current ratio is higher ==> Score 0.

Q7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 1 if there is fewer number of shares in issue this year. Score 0 otherwise.

Hartford Financial Services Group Inc's number of shares in issue this year was 597.8. Hartford Financial Services Group Inc's number of shares in issue last year was 436.2. ==> There is more number of shares in issue this year. ==> Score 0.

Efficiency

Q8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=0/26371
=0

Gross Margin (Last Year)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=0/26368
=0

Hartford Financial Services Group Inc's gross margin of this year was 0. Hartford Financial Services Group Inc's gross margin of last year was 0. ==> Last year's gross margin is higher ==> Score 0.

Q9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the beginning of this year (Dec12)
=26371/298513
=0.08834121

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the beginning of last year (Dec11)
=26368/302609
=0.08713554

Hartford Financial Services Group Inc's asset turnover of this year was 0.08834121. Hartford Financial Services Group Inc's asset turnover of last year was 0.08713554. ==> This year's asset turnover is higher. ==> Score 1.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score=Q1+Q2+Q3+Q4+Q5+Q6+Q7+Q8+Q9
=1+1+1+1+1+0+0+0+1
=6

Good or high score = 8 or 9

Bad or low score = 0 or 1

Hartford Financial Services Group Inc has an F-score of 6 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Hartford Financial Services Group Inc Annual Data

Dec04Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13
Q1 1111001101
Q2 1111111111
Q3 1010011001
Q4 1111111111
Q5 1111011001
Q6 0000000000
Q7 0000100110
Q8 0000000000
Q9 0100010011
F-score 5554355446

Hartford Financial Services Group Inc Quarterly Data

Sep11Dec11Mar12Jun12Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13
Q1 1111100001
Q2 1111111111
Q3 0000000001
Q4 1111111111
Q5 1000000111
Q6 0000000000
Q7 1111111000
Q8 0000000000
Q9 0010111111
F-score 5454544446
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