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Hartford Financial Services Group Inc (NYSE:HIG)
Piotroski F-Score
5 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 8 or 9
Bad or low score = 0 or 1

Hartford Financial Services Group Inc has an F-score of 5 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.

HIG' s 10-Year Piotroski F-Score Range
Min: 2   Max: 6
Current: 5

2
6

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of Hartford Financial Services Group Inc was 6. The lowest was 2. And the median was 5.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Sep14) TTM:Last Year (Sep13) TTM:
Net Income was 314 + 495 + -467 + 388 = $730 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 334 + 349 + 161 + 385 = $1,229 Mil.
Revenue was 6087 + 4439 + 4616 + 4769 = $19,911 Mil.
Gross Profit was 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 = $0 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Sep13)
to the end of this year (Sep14) was
(283947 + 277884 + 272923 + 254713 + 247100) / 5 = $267,313 Mil.
Total Assets as of Sep13 was $283,947 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $5,819 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $0 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $0 Mil.
Net Income was -434 + -241 + -190 + 293 = $-572 Mil.

Revenue was 7735 + 9178 + 5465 + 5641 = $28,019 Mil.
Gross Profit was 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 = $0 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of last year (Sep12)
to the end of last year (Sep13) was
(308918 + 298513 + 297021 + 294833 + 283947) / 5 = $296,646 Mil.
Total Assets as of Sep12 was $308,918 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $6,189 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $0 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $0 Mil.

Profitability

Q1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by beginning of the year total assets.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Hartford Financial Services Group Inc's current net income (ttm) was 730. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by beginning of the year total assets.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Hartford Financial Services Group Inc's current cash flow from operations (ttm) was 1,229. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Beginning of This Year Total Assets (Sep13)
=730/283947
=0.0025709

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Beginning of Last Year Total Assets (Sep12)
=-572/308918
=-0.00185162

Hartford Financial Services Group Inc's return on assets of this year was 0.0025709. Hartford Financial Services Group Inc's return on assets of last year was -0.00185162. ==> This year is higher. ==> Score 1.

Q4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA =< ROA.

Hartford Financial Services Group Inc's current net income (ttm) was 730. Hartford Financial Services Group Inc's current cash flow from operations (ttm) was 1,229. ==> 1,229 > 730 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Q5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Sep14)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Sep13 to Sep14
=5819/267313.4
=0.02176846

Gearing (Last Year: Sep13)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Sep12 to Sep13
=6189/296646.4
=0.02086322

Hartford Financial Services Group Inc's gearing of this year was 0.02176846. Hartford Financial Services Group Inc's gearing of last year was 0.02086322. ==> Last year is lower than this year ==> Score 0.

Q6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year'’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year: Sep14)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=0/0
=

Current Ratio (Last Year: Sep13)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=0/0
=

Hartford Financial Services Group Inc's current ratio of this year was . Hartford Financial Services Group Inc's current ratio of last year was . ==> Last year's current ratio is higher ==> Score 0.

Q7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

Hartford Financial Services Group Inc's number of shares in issue this year was 450.8. Hartford Financial Services Group Inc's number of shares in issue last year was 490.6. ==> There is smaller number of shares in issue this year, or the same. ==> Score 1.

Efficiency

Q8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=0/19911
=0

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=0/28019
=0

Hartford Financial Services Group Inc's gross margin of this year was 0. Hartford Financial Services Group Inc's gross margin of last year was 0. ==> Last year's gross margin is higher ==> Score 0.

Q9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by begining of the year total assets) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Beginning of This Year Total Assets (Sep13)
=19911/283947
=0.07012224

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Beginning of Last Year Total Assets (Sep12)
=28019/308918
=0.09070044

Hartford Financial Services Group Inc's asset turnover of this year was 0.07012224. Hartford Financial Services Group Inc's asset turnover of last year was 0.09070044. ==> Last year's asset turnover is higher ==> Score 0.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score=Q1+Q2+Q3+Q4+Q5+Q6+Q7+Q8+Q9
=1+1+1+1+0+0+1+0+0
=5

Good or high score = 8 or 9

Bad or low score = 0 or 1

Hartford Financial Services Group Inc has an F-score of 5 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities, Altman Z-Score, Beneish M-Score


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Hartford Financial Services Group Inc Annual Data

Dec04Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13
Q1 1111001101
Q2 1111111111
Q3 1010011001
Q4 1111111111
Q5 1111001101
Q6 0000000000
Q7 0000100110
Q8 0000000000
Q9 0100010011
F-score 5554345546

Hartford Financial Services Group Inc Quarterly Data

Jun12Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14Sep14
Q1 1100001111
Q2 1111111111
Q3 0000001111
Q4 1111111111
Q5 0000111110
Q6 0000000000
Q7 1111000011
Q8 0000000000
Q9 0111111000
F-score 4544446565
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