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Health Net Inc (NYSE:HNT)
Piotroski F-Score
5 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 8 or 9
Bad or low score = 0 or 1

Health Net Inc has an F-score of 5 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.

HNT' s 10-Year Piotroski F-Score Range
Min: 2   Max: 9
Current: 5

2
9

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of Health Net Inc was 9. The lowest was 2. And the median was 6.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Dec13) TTM:Last Year (Dec12) TTM:
Net Income was 19.753 + 66.84 + 33.483 + 50.05 = $170 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was -71.886 + 302.195 + -106.285 + -28.185 = $96 Mil.
Revenue was 2743.244 + 2775.031 + 2738.431 + 2797.037 = $11,054 Mil.
Gross Profit was 389.203 + 453.136 + 419.113 + 402.826 = $1,664 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Dec12) was $3,934 Mil.
Total Assets was $3,929 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $499 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $2,920 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $1,577 Mil.
Net Income was 6.011 + 18.028 + 124.61 + -26.586 = $122 Mil.

Revenue was 2837.782 + 2779.572 + 2841.339 + 2830.399 = $11,289 Mil.
Gross Profit was 367.428 + 346.369 + 329.478 + 324.43 = $1,368 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Dec11) was $3,608 Mil.
Total Assets was $3,934 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $499 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $3,050 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $1,638 Mil.

Profitability

Q1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Health Net Inc's current net income was 170. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Health Net Inc's current cash flow from operations was 96. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income/Total Assets at the beginning of this year (Dec12)
=170.126/3934.39
=0.04324076

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income/Total Assets at the beginning of last year (Dec11)
=122.063/3607.669
=0.03383431

Health Net Inc's return on assets of this year was 0.04324076. Health Net Inc's return on assets of last year was 0.03383431. ==> This year is higher. ==> Score 1.

Q4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA =< ROA.

Health Net Inc's current net income was 170. Health Net Inc's current cash flow from operations was 96. ==> 96 =< 170 ==> CFROA =< ROA ==> Score 0.

Funding

Q5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 1 if gearing is lower, 0 if it’s higher.

Gearing (This Year)=Long-Term Debt/Total Assets
=499.3/3929.125
=0.12707664

Gearing (Last Year)=Long-Term Debt/Total Assets
=499.095/3934.39
=0.12685448

Health Net Inc's gearing of this year was 0.12707664. Health Net Inc's gearing of last year was 0.12685448. ==> Last year is lower ==> Score 0.

Q6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=2919.89/1577.178
=1.85133828

Current Ratio (Last Year)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=3049.964/1638.096
=1.86189576

Health Net Inc's current ratio of this year was 1.85133828. Health Net Inc's current ratio of last year was 1.86189576. ==> Last year's current ratio is higher ==> Score 0.

Q7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 1 if there is fewer number of shares in issue this year. Score 0 otherwise.

Health Net Inc's number of shares in issue this year was 80.6. Health Net Inc's number of shares in issue last year was 82.1. ==> There is the same number of shares in issue this year, or fewer. ==> Score 1.

Efficiency

Q8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=1664.278/11053.743
=0.15056239

Gross Margin (Last Year)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=1367.705/11289.092
=0.12115279

Health Net Inc's gross margin of this year was 0.15056239. Health Net Inc's gross margin of last year was 0.12115279. ==> This year's gross margin is higher. ==> Score 1.

Q9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the beginning of this year (Dec12)
=11053.743/3934.39
=2.80951888

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the beginning of last year (Dec11)
=11289.092/3607.669
=3.12919284

Health Net Inc's asset turnover of this year was 2.80951888. Health Net Inc's asset turnover of last year was 3.12919284. ==> Last year's asset turnover is higher ==> Score 0.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score=Q1+Q2+Q3+Q4+Q5+Q6+Q7+Q8+Q9
=1+1+1+0+0+0+1+1+0
=5

Good or high score = 8 or 9

Bad or low score = 0 or 1

Health Net Inc has an F-score of 5 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Health Net Inc Annual Data

Dec04Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13
Q1 1111101111
Q2 0111011111
Q3 0110001011
Q4 0001011100
Q5 1110011010
Q6 0101111100
Q7 1001111111
Q8 0111011101
Q9 1011010010
F-score 4667378665

Health Net Inc Quarterly Data

Sep11Dec11Mar12Jun12Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13
Q1 1111111111
Q2 1111011011
Q3 1011111001
Q4 1111000010
Q5 0000110010
Q6 1111101100
Q7 1111111111
Q8 1110000111
Q9 0001111010
F-score 7677666475
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