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HP Inc (NYSE:HPQ)
Piotroski F-Score
7 (As of Today)

Good Sign:

Piotroski F-Score of 7 is 7, indicating very healthy situation.

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

HP Inc has an F-score of 4 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.

HPQ' s Piotroski F-Score Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 3   Max: 9
Current: 7

3
9

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of HP Inc was 9. The lowest was 3. And the median was 6.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

This Year (Oct16) TTM:Last Year (Oct15) TTM:
Net Income was 592 + 629 + 783 + 492 = $2,496 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was -108 + 1575 + 1065 + 698 = $3,230 Mil.
Revenue was 12246 + 11588 + 11892 + 12512 = $48,238 Mil.
Gross Profit was 2285 + 2250 + 2172 + 2291 = $8,998 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Oct15)
to the end of this year (Oct16) was
(106882 + 25517 + 25523 + 27224 + 29010) / 5 = $42831.2 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Oct15) was $106,882 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $6,758 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $18,468 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $18,808 Mil.
Net Income was 1366 + 1011 + 854 + 1323 = $4,554 Mil.

Revenue was 13858 + 12977 + 12362 + 12266 = $51,463 Mil.
Gross Profit was 2685 + 2562 + 2326 + 2366 = $9,939 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of last year (Oct14)
to the end of last year (Oct15) was
(103206 + 100861 + 101396 + 107033 + 106882) / 5 = $103875.6 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Oct14) was $103,206 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $6,677 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $51,787 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $42,191 Mil.

Profitability

Question 1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

HP Inc's current net income (TTM) was 2,496. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

HP Inc's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 3,230. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Oct15)
=2496/106882
=0.02335286

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Oct14)
=4554/103206
=0.04412534

HP Inc's return on assets of this year was 0.02335286. HP Inc's return on assets of last year was 0.04412534. ==> Last year is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA <= ROA.

HP Inc's current net income (TTM) was 2,496. HP Inc's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 3,230. ==> 3,230 > 2,496 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Question 5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Oct16)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Oct15 to Oct16
=6758/42831.2
=0.15778218

Gearing (Last Year: Oct15)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Oct14 to Oct15
=6677/103875.6
=0.06427881

HP Inc's gearing of this year was 0.15778218. HP Inc's gearing of last year was 0.06427881. ==> Last year is lower than this year ==> Score 0.

Question 6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year'’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year: Oct16)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=18468/18808
=0.98192259

Current Ratio (Last Year: Oct15)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=51787/42191
=1.22744187

HP Inc's current ratio of this year was 0.98192259. HP Inc's current ratio of last year was 1.22744187. ==> Last year's current ratio is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

HP Inc's number of shares in issue this year was 1743. HP Inc's number of shares in issue last year was 1836. ==> There is smaller number of shares in issue this year, or the same. ==> Score 1.

Efficiency

Question 8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=8998/48238
=0.18653344

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=9939/51463
=0.19312904

HP Inc's gross margin of this year was 0.18653344. HP Inc's gross margin of last year was 0.19312904. ==> Last year's gross margin is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Oct15)
=48238/106882
=0.45132015

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Oct14)
=51463/103206
=0.49864349

HP Inc's asset turnover of this year was 0.45132015. HP Inc's asset turnover of last year was 0.49864349. ==> Last year's asset turnover is higher ==> Score 0.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score= Que. 1+ Que. 2+ Que. 3+Que. 4+Que. 5+Que. 6+Que. 7+Que. 8+Que. 9
=1+1+0+1+0+0+1+0+0
=4

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

HP Inc has an F-score of 4 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

HP Inc Annual Data

Oct07Oct08Oct09Oct10Oct11Oct12Oct13Oct14Oct15Oct16
Question 1 1111101111
Question 2 1111111111
Question 3 1101001100
Question 4 1111111111
Question 5 0000011110
Question 6 0010011110
Question 7 1111111111
Question 8 1001000000
Question 9 1101001000
F-score 7657458764

HP Inc Quarterly Data

Oct14Jan15Apr15Jul15Oct15Jan16Apr16Jul16Oct16Jan17
Question 1 1111111111
Question 2 1111111111
Question 3 1000000001
Question 4 1111111111
Question 5 1111111100
Question 6 1000100001
Question 7 1111111111
Question 8 0000011100
Question 9 0000011101
F-score 7555677747
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