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The Hershey Co (NYSE:HSY)
Piotroski F-Score
5 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

The Hershey Co has an F-score of 5 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.

HSY' s Piotroski F-Score Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 4   Max: 9
Current: 5

4
9

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of The Hershey Co was 9. The lowest was 4. And the median was 6.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Jun16) TTM:Last Year (Jun15) TTM:
Net Income was 154.771 + 213.384 + 229.832 + 145.956 = $744 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 101.549 + 626.592 + 257.115 + 89.983 = $1,075 Mil.
Revenue was 1960.779 + 1909.222 + 1828.812 + 1637.671 = $7,336 Mil.
Gross Profit was 892.064 + 854.36 + 817.376 + 747.398 = $3,311 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Jun15)
to the end of this year (Jun16) was
(5449.33 + 5630.62 + 5344.371 + 5305.84 + 5567.384) / 5 = $5459.509 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Jun15) was $5,449 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $1,571 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,808 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $2,671 Mil.
Net Income was 223.741 + 202.508 + 244.737 + -99.941 = $571 Mil.

Revenue was 1961.578 + 2010.027 + 1937.8 + 1578.825 = $7,488 Mil.
Gross Profit was 860.137 + 887.065 + 900.843 + 735.408 = $3,383 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of last year (Jun14)
to the end of last year (Jun15) was
(5184.969 + 5916.553 + 5622.87 + 5757.462 + 5449.33) / 5 = $5586.2368 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Jun14) was $5,185 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $1,547 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $2,007 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $2,018 Mil.

Profitability

Question 1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

The Hershey Co's current net income (TTM) was 744. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

The Hershey Co's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 1,075. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Jun15)
=743.943/5449.33
=0.13652009

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Jun14)
=571.045/5184.969
=0.1101347

The Hershey Co's return on assets of this year was 0.13652009. The Hershey Co's return on assets of last year was 0.1101347. ==> This year is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA <= ROA.

The Hershey Co's current net income (TTM) was 744. The Hershey Co's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 1,075. ==> 1,075 > 744 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Question 5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Jun16)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Jun15 to Jun16
=1571.179/5459.509
=0.2877876

Gearing (Last Year: Jun15)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Jun14 to Jun15
=1547.399/5586.2368
=0.27700204

The Hershey Co's gearing of this year was 0.2877876. The Hershey Co's gearing of last year was 0.27700204. ==> Last year is lower than this year ==> Score 0.

Question 6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year'’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year: Jun16)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=1807.599/2671.446
=0.67663692

Current Ratio (Last Year: Jun15)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=2007.447/2018.272
=0.9946365

The Hershey Co's current ratio of this year was 0.67663692. The Hershey Co's current ratio of last year was 0.9946365. ==> Last year's current ratio is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

The Hershey Co's number of shares in issue this year was 214.5. The Hershey Co's number of shares in issue last year was 219.6. ==> There is smaller number of shares in issue this year, or the same. ==> Score 1.

Efficiency

Question 8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=3311.198/7336.484
=0.45133309

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=3383.453/7488.23
=0.45183615

The Hershey Co's gross margin of this year was 0.45133309. The Hershey Co's gross margin of last year was 0.45183615. ==> Last year's gross margin is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Jun15)
=7336.484/5449.33
=1.34630936

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Jun14)
=7488.23/5184.969
=1.44421886

The Hershey Co's asset turnover of this year was 1.34630936. The Hershey Co's asset turnover of last year was 1.44421886. ==> Last year's asset turnover is higher ==> Score 0.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score= Que. 1+ Que. 2+ Que. 3+Que. 4+Que. 5+Que. 6+Que. 7+Que. 8+Que. 9
=1+1+1+1+0+0+1+0+0
=5

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

The Hershey Co has an F-score of 5 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

The Hershey Co Annual Data

Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13Dec14Dec15
Question 1 1111111111
Question 2 1111111111
Question 3 1011111100
Question 4 1111101101
Question 5 0000101011
Question 6 1011110100
Question 7 1110011111
Question 8 0011101101
Question 9 0111101000
F-score 6587858746

The Hershey Co Quarterly Data

Mar14Jun14Sep14Dec14Mar15Jun15Sep15Dec15Mar16Jun16
Question 1 1111111111
Question 2 1111111111
Question 3 1100000001
Question 4 1110111111
Question 5 0111110100
Question 6 1000000000
Question 7 1111111111
Question 8 1100001110
Question 9 1100000000
F-score 8854555655
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