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Investors Real Estate Trust (NYSE:IRET)
Piotroski F-Score
4 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 8 or 9
Bad or low score = 0 or 1

Investors Real Estate Trust has an F-score of 4 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.

IRET' s 10-Year Piotroski F-Score Range
Min: 3   Max: 7
Current: 4

3
7

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of Investors Real Estate Trust was 7. The lowest was 3. And the median was 5.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Jul14) TTM:Last Year (Jul13) TTM:
Net Income was 8.787 + 3.503 + -28.542 + -0.151 = $-16.4 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 18.897 + 23.923 + 32.41 + 23.385 = $98.6 Mil.
Revenue was 66.19 + 67.629 + 66.983 + 68.63 = $269.4 Mil.
Gross Profit was 49.528 + 50.571 + 47.222 + 51.349 = $198.7 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Jul13)
to the end of this year (Jul14) was
(1896.642 + 1896.247 + 1904.558 + 1869.221 + 1931.767) / 5 = $1,899.7 Mil.
Total Assets was $1,931.8 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $1,017.6 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $102.4 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $98.0 Mil.
Net Income was 8.512 + 5.324 + 10.015 + 3.078 = $26.9 Mil.

Revenue was 62.258 + 63.08 + 64.184 + 65.098 = $254.6 Mil.
Gross Profit was 46.961 + 46.947 + 47.563 + 48.134 = $189.6 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of last year (Jul12)
to the end of last year (Jul13) was
(1767.059 + 1819.337 + 1816.074 + 1889.554 + 1896.642) / 5 = $1,837.7 Mil.
Total Assets was $1,896.6 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $1,030.4 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $134.1 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $62.6 Mil.

Profitability

Q1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by average total assets throughout the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Investors Real Estate Trust's current net income (ttm) was -16.4. ==> Negative ==> Score 0.

Q2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by average total assets throughout the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Investors Real Estate Trust's current cash flow from operations (ttm) was 98.6. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Average Total Assets from Jul13 to Jul14
=-16.403/1899.687
=-0.00863458

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Average Total Assets from Jul12 to Jul13
=26.929/1837.7332
=0.01465338

Investors Real Estate Trust's return on assets of this year was -0.00863458. Investors Real Estate Trust's return on assets of last year was 0.01465338. ==> Last year is higher ==> Score 0.

Q4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA =< ROA.

Investors Real Estate Trust's current net income (ttm) was -16.4. Investors Real Estate Trust's current cash flow from operations (ttm) was 98.6. ==> 98.6 > -16.4 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Q5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Jul14)=Long-Term Debt/Total Assets
=1017.574/1931.767
=0.52675814

Gearing (Last Year: Jul13)=Long-Term Debt/Total Assets
=1030.407/1896.642
=0.54327965

Investors Real Estate Trust's gearing of this year was 0.52675814. Investors Real Estate Trust's gearing of last year was 0.54327965. ==> This year is lower or equal to last year. ==> Score 1.

Q6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year'’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year: Jul14)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=102.417/98.017
=1.04489017

Current Ratio (Last Year: Jul13)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=134.104/62.563
=2.14350335

Investors Real Estate Trust's current ratio of this year was 1.04489017. Investors Real Estate Trust's current ratio of last year was 2.14350335. ==> Last year's current ratio is higher ==> Score 0.

Q7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

Investors Real Estate Trust's number of shares in issue this year was 131.3. Investors Real Estate Trust's number of shares in issue last year was 124.2. ==> There is larger number of shares in issue this year. ==> Score 0.

Efficiency

Q8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=198.67/269.432
=0.73736601

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=189.605/254.62
=0.74465871

Investors Real Estate Trust's gross margin of this year was 0.73736601. Investors Real Estate Trust's gross margin of last year was 0.74465871. ==> Last year's gross margin is higher ==> Score 0.

Q9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by average total assets throughout the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Average Total Assets from Jul13 to Jul14
=269.432/1899.687
=0.14182968

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Average Total Assets from Jul12 to Jul13
=254.62/1837.7332
=0.13855112

Investors Real Estate Trust's asset turnover of this year was 0.14182968. Investors Real Estate Trust's asset turnover of last year was 0.13855112. ==> This year's asset turnover is higher. ==> Score 1.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score=Q1+Q2+Q3+Q4+Q5+Q6+Q7+Q8+Q9
=0+1+0+1+1+0+0+0+1
=4

Good or high score = 8 or 9

Bad or low score = 0 or 1

Investors Real Estate Trust has an F-score of 4 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities, Altman Z-Score, Beneish M-Score


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Investors Real Estate Trust Annual Data

Apr05Apr06Apr07Apr08Apr09Apr10Apr11Apr12Apr13Apr14
Q1 1111111110
Q2 1111111111
Q3 1010001010
Q4 1111111111
Q5 0001011111
Q6 0010010010
Q7 0000000000
Q8 0010000110
Q9 1111100001
F-score 5475455574

Investors Real Estate Trust Quarterly Data

Apr12Jul12Oct12Jan13Apr13Jul13Oct13Jan14Apr14Jul14
Q1 1111111100
Q2 1111111111
Q3 0001111100
Q4 1111111111
Q5 1111111111
Q6 0011110000
Q7 0000000000
Q8 1111110000
Q9 1000000111
F-score 6567775644
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