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Coca-Cola Co (NYSE:KO)
Piotroski F-Score
6 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 8 or 9
Bad or low score = 0 or 1

Coca-Cola Co has an F-score of 6 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.

KO' s 10-Year Piotroski F-Score Range
Min: 3   Max: 8
Current: 6

3
8

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of Coca-Cola Co was 8. The lowest was 3. And the median was 6.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Jun14) TTM:Last Year (Jun13) TTM:
Net Income was 2595 + 1619 + 1710 + 2447 = $8,371 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 3404 + 1066 + 2830 + 3756 = $11,056 Mil.
Revenue was 12574 + 10576 + 11040 + 12030 = $46,220 Mil.
Gross Profit was 7755 + 6493 + 6725 + 7237 = $28,210 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Jun13) was $89,511 Mil.
Total Assets was $95,489 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $18,643 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $33,871 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $32,629 Mil.
Net Income was 2676 + 1751 + 1866 + 2311 = $8,604 Mil.

Revenue was 12749 + 11035 + 11455 + 12340 = $47,579 Mil.
Gross Profit was 7760 + 6711 + 6827 + 7487 = $28,785 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Jun12) was $85,149 Mil.
Total Assets was $89,511 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $14,179 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $32,572 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $32,469 Mil.

Profitability

Q1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Coca-Cola Co's current net income was 8,371. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Coca-Cola Co's current cash flow from operations was 11,056. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income/Total Assets at the beginning of this year (Jun13)
=8371/89511
=0.09351923

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income/Total Assets at the beginning of last year (Jun12)
=8604/85149
=0.1010464

Coca-Cola Co's return on assets of this year was 0.09351923. Coca-Cola Co's return on assets of last year was 0.1010464. ==> Last year is higher ==> Score 0.

Q4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA =< ROA.

Coca-Cola Co's current net income was 8,371. Coca-Cola Co's current cash flow from operations was 11,056. ==> 11,056 > 8,371 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Q5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year)=Long-Term Debt/Total Assets
=18643/95489
=0.19523715

Gearing (Last Year)=Long-Term Debt/Total Assets
=14179/89511
=0.15840511

Coca-Cola Co's gearing of this year was 0.19523715. Coca-Cola Co's gearing of last year was 0.15840511. ==> Last year is lower than this year ==> Score 0.

Q6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year'’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=33871/32629
=1.0380643

Current Ratio (Last Year)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=32572/32469
=1.00317226

Coca-Cola Co's current ratio of this year was 1.0380643. Coca-Cola Co's current ratio of last year was 1.00317226. ==> This year's current ratio is higher. ==> Score 1.

Q7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

Coca-Cola Co's number of shares in issue this year was 4454. Coca-Cola Co's number of shares in issue last year was 4527. ==> There is smaller number of shares in issue this year, or the same. ==> Score 1.

Efficiency

Q8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=28210/46220
=0.61034184

Gross Margin (Last Year)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=28785/47579
=0.6049938

Coca-Cola Co's gross margin of this year was 0.61034184. Coca-Cola Co's gross margin of last year was 0.6049938. ==> This year's gross margin is higher. ==> Score 1.

Q9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the beginning of this year (Jun13)
=46220/89511
=0.51636112

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the beginning of last year (Jun12)
=47579/85149
=0.55877344

Coca-Cola Co's asset turnover of this year was 0.51636112. Coca-Cola Co's asset turnover of last year was 0.55877344. ==> Last year's asset turnover is higher ==> Score 0.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score=Q1+Q2+Q3+Q4+Q5+Q6+Q7+Q8+Q9
=1+1+0+1+0+1+1+1+0
=6

Good or high score = 8 or 9

Bad or low score = 0 or 1

Coca-Cola Co has an F-score of 6 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Coca-Cola Co Annual Data

Dec04Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13
Q1 1111111111
Q2 1111111111
Q3 0011011000
Q4 1111110111
Q5 1000100100
Q6 1000110011
Q7 1111010111
Q8 1010100001
Q9 0011010000
F-score 7476673556

Coca-Cola Co Quarterly Data

Mar12Jun12Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14
Q1 1111111111
Q2 1111111111
Q3 0000000000
Q4 1111111111
Q5 0000111000
Q6 1101000111
Q7 1111111111
Q8 0000010111
Q9 0000000000
F-score 5545565666
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