Switch to:
Mueller Industries Inc (NYSE:MLI)
Piotroski F-Score
5 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Mueller Industries Inc has an F-score of 5 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.

MLI' s Piotroski F-Score Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 3   Max: 8
Current: 5

3
8

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of Mueller Industries Inc was 8. The lowest was 3. And the median was 6.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Mar16) TTM:Last Year (Mar15) TTM:
Net Income was 33.651 + 17.8 + 14.435 + 28.63 = $95 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 13.26 + 78.318 + 64.141 + 10.336 = $166 Mil.
Revenue was 555.593 + 535.184 + 471.983 + 532.809 = $2,096 Mil.
Gross Profit was 85.228 + 68.017 + 60.647 + 86.167 = $300 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Mar15)
to the end of this year (Mar16) was
(1324.83 + 1344.958 + 1373.526 + 1338.801 + 1361.02) / 5 = $1348.627 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Mar15) was $1,325 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $206 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $821 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $203 Mil.
Net Income was 35.045 + 23.823 + 17.986 + 21.978 = $99 Mil.

Revenue was 649.691 + 602.82 + 537.342 + 537.242 = $2,327 Mil.
Gross Profit was 91.916 + 81.542 + 68.453 + 76.408 = $318 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of last year (Mar14)
to the end of last year (Mar15) was
(1282.829 + 1349.858 + 1327.736 + 1328.096 + 1324.83) / 5 = $1322.6698 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Mar14) was $1,283 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $205 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $941 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $224 Mil.

Profitability

Question 1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Mueller Industries Inc's current net income (TTM) was 95. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Mueller Industries Inc's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 166. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Mar15)
=94.516/1324.83
=0.07134198

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Mar14)
=98.832/1282.829
=0.07704222

Mueller Industries Inc's return on assets of this year was 0.07134198. Mueller Industries Inc's return on assets of last year was 0.07704222. ==> Last year is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA <= ROA.

Mueller Industries Inc's current net income (TTM) was 95. Mueller Industries Inc's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 166. ==> 166 > 95 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Question 5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Mar16)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Mar15 to Mar16
=206/1348.627
=0.15274794

Gearing (Last Year: Mar15)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Mar14 to Mar15
=205/1322.6698
=0.15498955

Mueller Industries Inc's gearing of this year was 0.15274794. Mueller Industries Inc's gearing of last year was 0.15498955. ==> This year is lower or equal to last year. ==> Score 1.

Question 6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year'’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year: Mar16)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=820.761/202.608
=4.05098022

Current Ratio (Last Year: Mar15)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=941.131/224.16
=4.19847877

Mueller Industries Inc's current ratio of this year was 4.05098022. Mueller Industries Inc's current ratio of last year was 4.19847877. ==> Last year's current ratio is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

Mueller Industries Inc's number of shares in issue this year was 57. Mueller Industries Inc's number of shares in issue last year was 56.9. ==> There is larger number of shares in issue this year. ==> Score 0.

Efficiency

Question 8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=300.059/2095.569
=0.14318736

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=318.319/2327.095
=0.13678814

Mueller Industries Inc's gross margin of this year was 0.14318736. Mueller Industries Inc's gross margin of last year was 0.13678814. ==> This year's gross margin is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Mar15)
=2095.569/1324.83
=1.58176445

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Mar14)
=2327.095/1282.829
=1.81403367

Mueller Industries Inc's asset turnover of this year was 1.58176445. Mueller Industries Inc's asset turnover of last year was 1.81403367. ==> Last year's asset turnover is higher ==> Score 0.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score= Que. 1+ Que. 2+ Que. 3+Que. 4+Que. 5+Que. 6+Que. 7+Que. 8+Que. 9
=1+1+0+1+1+0+0+1+0
=5

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Mueller Industries Inc has an F-score of 5 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Mueller Industries Inc Annual Data

Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13Dec14Dec15
Question 1 1111111111
Question 2 1111111111
Question 3 1000100100
Question 4 0111011001
Question 5 1110110011
Question 6 1011110100
Question 7 0100001100
Question 8 0001001101
Question 9 1000110100
F-score 6555665735

Mueller Industries Inc Quarterly Data

Dec13Mar14Jun14Sep14Dec14Mar15Jun15Sep15Dec15Mar16
Question 1 1111111111
Question 2 1111111111
Question 3 1100000000
Question 4 0000011111
Question 5 0111111111
Question 6 1101011000
Question 7 1000000000
Question 8 1111001111
Question 9 1110000000
F-score 7755356555
Get WordPress Plugins for easy affiliate links on Stock Tickers and Guru Names | Earn affiliate commissions by embedding GuruFocus Charts
GuruFocus Affiliate Program: Earn up to $400 per referral. ( Learn More)

GuruFocus Premium Plus Membership

FEEDBACK