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ArcelorMittal SA (NYSE:MT)
Piotroski F-Score
2 (As of Today)

Warning Sign:

Piotroski F-Score of 2 is low, which usually implies poor business operation.

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

ArcelorMittal SA has an F-score of 2. It is a bad or low score, which usually implies poor business operation.

MT' s Piotroski F-Score Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 2   Max: 8
Current: 2

2
8

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of ArcelorMittal SA was 8. The lowest was 2. And the median was 5.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Dec15) TTM:Last Year (Dec14) TTM:
Net Income was -728 + 179 + -711 + -6686 = $-7,946 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was -915 + 1019 + 473 + 1574 = $2,151 Mil.
Revenue was 17118 + 16890 + 15589 + 13981 = $63,578 Mil.
Gross Profit was 17118 + -14662 + 15589 + -51215 = $-33,170 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Dec14)
to the end of this year (Dec15) was
(99179 + 88517 + 91932 + 85590 + 76846) / 5 = $88412.8 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Dec14) was $99,179 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $17,478 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $22,326 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $18,041 Mil.
Net Income was -205 + 52 + 22 + -955 = $-1,086 Mil.

Revenue was 19788 + 20704 + 20067 + 18723 = $79,282 Mil.
Gross Profit was 19788 + 19773 + 20067 + 17741 = $77,369 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of last year (Dec13)
to the end of last year (Dec14) was
(112308 + 111348 + 109603 + 104073 + 99179) / 5 = $107302.2 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Dec13) was $112,308 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $17,275 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $28,057 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $21,123 Mil.

Profitability

Question 1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

ArcelorMittal SA's current net income (TTM) was -7,946. ==> Negative ==> Score 0.

Question 2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

ArcelorMittal SA's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 2,151. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Dec14)
=-7946/99179
=-0.08011777

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Dec13)
=-1086/112308
=-0.00966984

ArcelorMittal SA's return on assets of this year was -0.08011777. ArcelorMittal SA's return on assets of last year was -0.00966984. ==> Last year is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA <= ROA.

ArcelorMittal SA's current net income (TTM) was -7,946. ArcelorMittal SA's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 2,151. ==> 2,151 > -7,946 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Question 5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Dec15)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Dec14 to Dec15
=17478/88412.8
=0.19768631

Gearing (Last Year: Dec14)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Dec13 to Dec14
=17275/107302.2
=0.1609939

ArcelorMittal SA's gearing of this year was 0.19768631. ArcelorMittal SA's gearing of last year was 0.1609939. ==> Last year is lower than this year ==> Score 0.

Question 6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year'’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year: Dec15)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=22326/18041
=1.23751455

Current Ratio (Last Year: Dec14)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=28057/21123
=1.32826776

ArcelorMittal SA's current ratio of this year was 1.23751455. ArcelorMittal SA's current ratio of last year was 1.32826776. ==> Last year's current ratio is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

ArcelorMittal SA's number of shares in issue this year was 2259.3. ArcelorMittal SA's number of shares in issue last year was 2254.2. ==> There is larger number of shares in issue this year. ==> Score 0.

Efficiency

Question 8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=-33170/63578
=-0.52172135

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=77369/79282
=0.97587094

ArcelorMittal SA's gross margin of this year was -0.52172135. ArcelorMittal SA's gross margin of last year was 0.97587094. ==> Last year's gross margin is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Dec14)
=63578/99179
=0.64104296

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Dec13)
=79282/112308
=0.70593368

ArcelorMittal SA's asset turnover of this year was 0.64104296. ArcelorMittal SA's asset turnover of last year was 0.70593368. ==> Last year's asset turnover is higher ==> Score 0.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score= Que. 1+ Que. 2+ Que. 3+Que. 4+Que. 5+Que. 6+Que. 7+Que. 8+Que. 9
=0+1+0+1+0+0+0+0+0
=2

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

ArcelorMittal SA has an F-score of 2. It is a bad or low score, which usually implies poor business operation.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

ArcelorMittal SA Annual Data

Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13Dec14Dec15
Question 1 1111110000
Question 2 1111111111
Question 3 1000100110
Question 4 1111101111
Question 5 0111100100
Question 6 0010010100
Question 7 0010001000
Question 8 0100110110
Question 9 1010110110
F-score 5574753752

ArcelorMittal SA Quarterly Data

Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14Sep14Dec14Mar15Jun15Sep15Dec15
Question 1 0000000000
Question 2 1111111111
Question 3 0111111100
Question 4 1111111111
Question 5 1111100000
Question 6 1100001110
Question 7 0000000000
Question 8 0111111110
Question 9 0111111000
F-score 4766656542
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