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NCR Corporation (NYSE:NCR)
Piotroski F-Score
3 (As of Today)

Warning Sign:

Piotroski F-Score of 3 is low, which usually implies poor business operation.

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 8 or 9
Bad or low score = 0 or 1

NCR Corporation has an F-score of 3 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.

NCR' s 10-Year Piotroski F-Score Range
Min: 2   Max: 9
Current: 3

2
9

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of NCR Corporation was 9. The lowest was 2. And the median was 5.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Dec13) TTM:Last Year (Dec12) TTM:
Net Income was 198 + 98 + 86 + 61 = $443 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 265 + 27 + -33 + 22 = $281 Mil.
Revenue was 1670 + 1508 + 1535 + 1410 = $6,123 Mil.
Gross Profit was 530 + 415 + 426 + 369 = $1,740 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Dec12) was $6,369 Mil.
Total Assets was $8,108 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $3,320 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $4,339 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $1,881 Mil.
Net Income was 242 + 87 + 102 + 50 = $481 Mil.

Revenue was 1642 + 1435 + 1409 + 1244 = $5,730 Mil.
Gross Profit was 574 + 382 + 374 + 315 = $1,645 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Dec11) was $5,591 Mil.
Total Assets was $6,369 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $1,891 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $3,406 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $1,742 Mil.

Profitability

Q1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

NCR Corporation's current net income was 443. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

NCR Corporation's current cash flow from operations was 281. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income/Total Assets at the beginning of this year (Dec12)
=443/6369
=0.06955566

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income/Total Assets at the beginning of last year (Dec11)
=481/5591
=0.08603112

NCR Corporation's return on assets of this year was 0.06955566. NCR Corporation's return on assets of last year was 0.08603112. ==> Last year is higher ==> Score 0.

Q4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA =< ROA.

NCR Corporation's current net income was 443. NCR Corporation's current cash flow from operations was 281. ==> 281 =< 443 ==> CFROA =< ROA ==> Score 0.

Funding

Q5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 1 if gearing is lower, 0 if it’s higher.

Gearing (This Year)=Long-Term Debt/Total Assets
=3320/8108
=0.40947213

Gearing (Last Year)=Long-Term Debt/Total Assets
=1891/6369
=0.29690689

NCR Corporation's gearing of this year was 0.40947213. NCR Corporation's gearing of last year was 0.29690689. ==> Last year is lower ==> Score 0.

Q6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=4339/1881
=2.30675173

Current Ratio (Last Year)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=3406/1742
=1.95522388

NCR Corporation's current ratio of this year was 2.30675173. NCR Corporation's current ratio of last year was 1.95522388. ==> This year's current ratio is higher. ==> Score 1.

Q7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 1 if there is fewer number of shares in issue this year. Score 0 otherwise.

NCR Corporation's number of shares in issue this year was 170.8. NCR Corporation's number of shares in issue last year was 163.2. ==> There is more number of shares in issue this year. ==> Score 0.

Efficiency

Q8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=1740/6123
=0.28417442

Gross Margin (Last Year)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=1645/5730
=0.28708551

NCR Corporation's gross margin of this year was 0.28417442. NCR Corporation's gross margin of last year was 0.28708551. ==> Last year's gross margin is higher ==> Score 0.

Q9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the beginning of this year (Dec12)
=6123/6369
=0.96137541

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the beginning of last year (Dec11)
=5730/5591
=1.02486138

NCR Corporation's asset turnover of this year was 0.96137541. NCR Corporation's asset turnover of last year was 1.02486138. ==> Last year's asset turnover is higher ==> Score 0.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score=Q1+Q2+Q3+Q4+Q5+Q6+Q7+Q8+Q9
=1+1+0+0+0+1+0+0+0
=3

Good or high score = 8 or 9

Bad or low score = 0 or 1

NCR Corporation has an F-score of 3 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

NCR Corporation Annual Data

Dec04Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13
Q1 1111101111
Q2 1111111101
Q3 1100001010
Q4 1011111100
Q5 1000101000
Q6 0111011011
Q7 1111110100
Q8 0001101110
Q9 0011101100
F-score 6567748643

NCR Corporation Quarterly Data

Sep11Dec11Mar12Jun12Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13
Q1 1111111111
Q2 1111000011
Q3 1000111110
Q4 1111000000
Q5 0000000000
Q6 0000111111
Q7 1000000000
Q8 1111111110
Q9 0111000010
F-score 6555444463
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