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NASDAQ OMX Group, Inc. (NAS:NDAQ)
Piotroski F-Score
7 (As of Today)

Good Sign:

Piotroski F-Score of 7 is 7, indicating very healthy situation.

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 8 or 9
Bad or low score = 0 or 1

NASDAQ OMX Group, Inc. has an F-score of 7 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.

NDAQ' s 10-Year Piotroski F-Score Range
Min: 3   Max: 8
Current: 7

3
8

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of NASDAQ OMX Group, Inc. was 8. The lowest was 3. And the median was 6.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Mar14) TTM:Last Year (Mar13) TTM:
Net Income was 103 + 141 + 113 + 88 = $445 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 183 + 237 + 82 + 106 = $608 Mil.
Revenue was 898 + 849 + 805 + 814 = $3,366 Mil.
Gross Profit was 529 + 520 + 506 + 451 = $2,006 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Mar13) was $9,188 Mil.
Total Assets was $12,978 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $2,084 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $3,519 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $3,578 Mil.
Net Income was 42 + 86 + 89 + 93 = $310 Mil.

Revenue was 744 + 755 + 746 + 815 = $3,060 Mil.
Gross Profit was 418 + 421 + 412 + 427 = $1,678 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Mar12) was $9,021 Mil.
Total Assets was $9,188 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $1,829 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,608 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $1,114 Mil.

Profitability

Q1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

NASDAQ OMX Group, Inc.'s current net income was 445. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

NASDAQ OMX Group, Inc.'s current cash flow from operations was 608. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income/Total Assets at the beginning of this year (Mar13)
=445/9188
=0.04843274

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income/Total Assets at the beginning of last year (Mar12)
=310/9021
=0.03436426

NASDAQ OMX Group, Inc.'s return on assets of this year was 0.04843274. NASDAQ OMX Group, Inc.'s return on assets of last year was 0.03436426. ==> This year is higher. ==> Score 1.

Q4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA =< ROA.

NASDAQ OMX Group, Inc.'s current net income was 445. NASDAQ OMX Group, Inc.'s current cash flow from operations was 608. ==> 608 > 445 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Q5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year)=Long-Term Debt/Total Assets
=2084/12978
=0.16057944

Gearing (Last Year)=Long-Term Debt/Total Assets
=1829/9188
=0.199064

NASDAQ OMX Group, Inc.'s gearing of this year was 0.16057944. NASDAQ OMX Group, Inc.'s gearing of last year was 0.199064. ==> This year is lower or equal to last year. ==> Score 1.

Q6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year'’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=3519/3578
=0.98351034

Current Ratio (Last Year)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=1608/1114
=1.44344704

NASDAQ OMX Group, Inc.'s current ratio of this year was 0.98351034. NASDAQ OMX Group, Inc.'s current ratio of last year was 1.44344704. ==> Last year's current ratio is higher ==> Score 0.

Q7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

NASDAQ OMX Group, Inc.'s number of shares in issue this year was 173.7. NASDAQ OMX Group, Inc.'s number of shares in issue last year was 169.7. ==> There is larger number of shares in issue this year. ==> Score 0.

Efficiency

Q8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=2006/3366
=0.5959596

Gross Margin (Last Year)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=1678/3060
=0.54836601

NASDAQ OMX Group, Inc.'s gross margin of this year was 0.5959596. NASDAQ OMX Group, Inc.'s gross margin of last year was 0.54836601. ==> This year's gross margin is higher. ==> Score 1.

Q9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the beginning of this year (Mar13)
=3366/9188
=0.36634741

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the beginning of last year (Mar12)
=3060/9021
=0.33920851

NASDAQ OMX Group, Inc.'s asset turnover of this year was 0.36634741. NASDAQ OMX Group, Inc.'s asset turnover of last year was 0.33920851. ==> This year's asset turnover is higher. ==> Score 1.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score=Q1+Q2+Q3+Q4+Q5+Q6+Q7+Q8+Q9
=1+1+1+1+1+0+0+1+1
=7

Good or high score = 8 or 9

Bad or low score = 0 or 1

NASDAQ OMX Group, Inc. has an F-score of 7 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

NASDAQ OMX Group, Inc. Annual Data

Dec04Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13
Q1 1111111111
Q2 1111111111
Q3 1101001011
Q4 1110011111
Q5 0011011000
Q6 0010010110
Q7 0000001111
Q8 0000111111
Q9 1100101011
F-score 5554468687

NASDAQ OMX Group, Inc. Quarterly Data

Dec11Mar12Jun12Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14
Q1 1111111111
Q2 1111111111
Q3 0000111111
Q4 1111111111
Q5 0000010101
Q6 1111100000
Q7 1111111000
Q8 1101111111
Q9 0000111111
F-score 6656887767
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