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National Healthcare Corp (AMEX:NHC)
Piotroski F-Score
5 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

National Healthcare Corp has an F-score of 5 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.

NHC' s Piotroski F-Score Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 3   Max: 8
Current: 5

3
8

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of National Healthcare Corp was 8. The lowest was 3. And the median was 6.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

This Year (Sep16) TTM:Last Year (Sep15) TTM:
Net Income was 14.976 + 13.699 + 11.866 + 11.11 = $51.7 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 10.633 + 17.731 + 18.355 + 13.188 = $59.9 Mil.
Revenue was 233.927 + 229.588 + 227.768 + 231.281 = $922.6 Mil.
Gross Profit was 180.685 + 168.279 + 170.462 + 172.325 = $691.8 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Sep15)
to the end of this year (Sep16) was
(1082.291 + 1045.329 + 1068.048 + 1087.566 + 1088.355) / 5 = $1074.3178 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Sep15) was $1,082.3 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $151.1 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $287.2 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $142.8 Mil.
Net Income was 14.8 + 13.242 + 12.358 + 12.567 = $53.0 Mil.

Revenue was 226.374 + 222.407 + 224.902 + 225.386 = $899.1 Mil.
Gross Profit was -334.215 + 162.66 + 167.435 + 168.77 = $164.7 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of last year (Sep14)
to the end of last year (Sep15) was
(1043.002 + 1074.123 + 1091.853 + 1073.625 + 1082.291) / 5 = $1072.9788 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Sep14) was $1,043.0 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $41.1 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $305.6 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $180.7 Mil.

Profitability

Question 1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

National Healthcare Corp's current net income (TTM) was 51.7. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

National Healthcare Corp's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 59.9. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Sep15)
=51.651/1082.291
=0.04772376

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Sep14)
=52.967/1043.002
=0.05078322

National Healthcare Corp's return on assets of this year was 0.04772376. National Healthcare Corp's return on assets of last year was 0.05078322. ==> Last year is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA <= ROA.

National Healthcare Corp's current net income (TTM) was 51.7. National Healthcare Corp's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 59.9. ==> 59.9 > 51.7 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Question 5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Sep16)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Sep15 to Sep16
=151.078/1074.3178
=0.14062692

Gearing (Last Year: Sep15)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Sep14 to Sep15
=41.067/1072.9788
=0.03827382

National Healthcare Corp's gearing of this year was 0.14062692. National Healthcare Corp's gearing of last year was 0.03827382. ==> Last year is lower than this year ==> Score 0.

Question 6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year'’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year: Sep16)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=287.23/142.802
=2.0113864

Current Ratio (Last Year: Sep15)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=305.593/180.687
=1.69128382

National Healthcare Corp's current ratio of this year was 2.0113864. National Healthcare Corp's current ratio of last year was 1.69128382. ==> This year's current ratio is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

National Healthcare Corp's number of shares in issue this year was 15.2. National Healthcare Corp's number of shares in issue last year was 14.4. ==> There is larger number of shares in issue this year. ==> Score 0.

Efficiency

Question 8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=691.751/922.564
=0.74981356

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=164.65/899.069
=0.18313389

National Healthcare Corp's gross margin of this year was 0.74981356. National Healthcare Corp's gross margin of last year was 0.18313389. ==> This year's gross margin is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Sep15)
=922.564/1082.291
=0.8524177

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Sep14)
=899.069/1043.002
=0.86200122

National Healthcare Corp's asset turnover of this year was 0.8524177. National Healthcare Corp's asset turnover of last year was 0.86200122. ==> Last year's asset turnover is higher ==> Score 0.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score= Que. 1+ Que. 2+ Que. 3+Que. 4+Que. 5+Que. 6+Que. 7+Que. 8+Que. 9
=1+1+0+1+0+1+0+1+0
=5

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

National Healthcare Corp has an F-score of 5 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

National Healthcare Corp Annual Data

Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13Dec14Dec15
Question 1 1111111111
Question 2 1111111111
Question 3 1100110100
Question 4 0111111111
Question 5 1111111100
Question 6 0001111001
Question 7 0000000010
Question 8 0001110101
Question 9 0000110010
F-score 4546885655

National Healthcare Corp Quarterly Data

Jun14Sep14Dec14Mar15Jun15Sep15Dec15Mar16Jun16Sep16
Question 1 1111111111
Question 2 1111111111
Question 3 0000000000
Question 4 1111111111
Question 5 0001110000
Question 6 1101001111
Question 7 1110000000
Question 8 1100001111
Question 9 1111000000
F-score 7756445555
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