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Insperity Inc (NYSE:NSP)
Piotroski F-Score
5 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 8 or 9
Bad or low score = 0 or 1

Insperity Inc has an F-score of 5 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.

NSP' s 10-Year Piotroski F-Score Range
Min: 2   Max: 8
Current: 5

2
8

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of Insperity Inc was 8. The lowest was 2. And the median was 6.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Jun14) TTM:Last Year (Jun13) TTM:
Net Income was 1.891 + 9.564 + 5.289 + 10.082 = $27 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was -38.267 + 8.891 + 69.041 + -13.236 = $26 Mil.
Revenue was 564.621 + 636.999 + 557.133 + 539.869 = $2,299 Mil.
Gross Profit was 95.453 + 106.176 + 89.978 + 97.409 = $389 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Jun13) was $708 Mil.
Total Assets was $737 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $0 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $534 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $413 Mil.
Net Income was 3.488 + 13.173 + 9.445 + 11.452 = $38 Mil.

Revenue was 547.274 + 611.836 + 532.438 + 511.953 = $2,204 Mil.
Gross Profit was 97.746 + 108.118 + 93.503 + 98.42 = $398 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Jun12) was $682 Mil.
Total Assets was $708 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $0 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $510 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $392 Mil.

Profitability

Q1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Insperity Inc's current net income was 27. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Insperity Inc's current cash flow from operations was 26. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income/Total Assets at the beginning of this year (Jun13)
=26.826/708.318
=0.03787282

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income/Total Assets at the beginning of last year (Jun12)
=37.558/682.057
=0.05506578

Insperity Inc's return on assets of this year was 0.03787282. Insperity Inc's return on assets of last year was 0.05506578. ==> Last year is higher ==> Score 0.

Q4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA =< ROA.

Insperity Inc's current net income was 27. Insperity Inc's current cash flow from operations was 26. ==> 26 =< 27 ==> CFROA =< ROA ==> Score 0.

Funding

Q5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year)=Long-Term Debt/Total Assets
=0/737.256
=0

Gearing (Last Year)=Long-Term Debt/Total Assets
=0/708.318
=0

Insperity Inc's gearing of this year was 0. Insperity Inc's gearing of last year was 0. ==> This year is lower or equal to last year. ==> Score 1.

Q6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year'’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=534.275/412.63
=1.29480406

Current Ratio (Last Year)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=510.301/391.79
=1.30248603

Insperity Inc's current ratio of this year was 1.29480406. Insperity Inc's current ratio of last year was 1.30248603. ==> Last year's current ratio is higher ==> Score 0.

Q7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

Insperity Inc's number of shares in issue this year was 24.8. Insperity Inc's number of shares in issue last year was 24.8. ==> There is smaller number of shares in issue this year, or the same. ==> Score 1.

Efficiency

Q8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=389.016/2298.622
=0.16923879

Gross Margin (Last Year)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=397.787/2203.501
=0.18052499

Insperity Inc's gross margin of this year was 0.16923879. Insperity Inc's gross margin of last year was 0.18052499. ==> Last year's gross margin is higher ==> Score 0.

Q9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the beginning of this year (Jun13)
=2298.622/708.318
=3.24518366

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the beginning of last year (Jun12)
=2203.501/682.057
=3.23066987

Insperity Inc's asset turnover of this year was 3.24518366. Insperity Inc's asset turnover of last year was 3.23066987. ==> This year's asset turnover is higher. ==> Score 1.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score=Q1+Q2+Q3+Q4+Q5+Q6+Q7+Q8+Q9
=1+1+0+0+1+0+1+0+1
=5

Good or high score = 8 or 9

Bad or low score = 0 or 1

Insperity Inc has an F-score of 5 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Insperity Inc Annual Data

Dec04Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13
Q1 1111111111
Q2 1111111111
Q3 1110001110
Q4 0111101111
Q5 1111111111
Q6 0110010001
Q7 1001110011
Q8 0010100100
Q9 0100101110
F-score 5775756776

Insperity Inc Quarterly Data

Mar12Jun12Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14
Q1 1111111111
Q2 1111111111
Q3 1111110000
Q4 1011110100
Q5 1111111111
Q6 0000000110
Q7 1111111111
Q8 1000010000
Q9 0011110011
F-score 7577784665
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