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Northeast Utilities (NYSE:NU)
Piotroski F-Score
5 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 8 or 9
Bad or low score = 0 or 1

Northeast Utilities has an F-score of 5 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.

NU' s 10-Year Piotroski F-Score Range
Min: 2   Max: 8
Current: 5

2
8

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of Northeast Utilities was 8. The lowest was 2. And the median was 6.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Jun14) TTM:Last Year (Jun13) TTM:
Net Income was 209.501 + 177.397 + 235.957 + 127.367 = $750 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 407.944 + 486.571 + 493.796 + 402.867 = $1,791 Mil.
Revenue was 1892.59 + 1777.729 + 2290.59 + 1677.614 = $7,639 Mil.
Gross Profit was 1140.612 + 1482.777 + 1173.615 + 950.692 = $4,748 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Jun13)
to the end of this year (Jun14) was
(28196.892 + 28444.318 + 27795.537 + 28096.87 + 27790.445) / 5 = $28,065 Mil.
Total Assets was $27,790 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $8,147 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $2,068 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $2,803 Mil.
Net Income was 207.628 + 174.716 + 228.089 + 171.021 = $781 Mil.

Revenue was 1861.529 + 1683.952 + 1995.023 + 1635.862 = $7,176 Mil.
Gross Profit was 1160.452 + 1348.787 + 1141.443 + 1053.418 = $4,704 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of last year (Jun12)
to the end of last year (Jun13) was
(27506.3 + 27757.562 + 28302.824 + 28328.661 + 28196.892) / 5 = $28,018 Mil.
Total Assets was $28,197 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $7,651 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $2,051 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $3,082 Mil.

Profitability

Q1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by average total assets throughout the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Northeast Utilities's current net income (ttm) was 750. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by average total assets throughout the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Northeast Utilities's current cash flow from operations (ttm) was 1,791. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Average Total Assets from Jun13 to Jun14
=750.222/28064.8124
=0.02673177

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Average Total Assets from Jun12 to Jun13
=781.454/28018.4478
=0.0278907

Northeast Utilities's return on assets of this year was 0.02673177. Northeast Utilities's return on assets of last year was 0.0278907. ==> Last year is higher ==> Score 0.

Q4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA =< ROA.

Northeast Utilities's current net income (ttm) was 750. Northeast Utilities's current cash flow from operations (ttm) was 1,791. ==> 1,791 > 750 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Q5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Jun14)=Long-Term Debt/Total Assets
=8147.129/27790.445
=0.29316296

Gearing (Last Year: Jun13)=Long-Term Debt/Total Assets
=7651.396/28196.892
=0.27135601

Northeast Utilities's gearing of this year was 0.29316296. Northeast Utilities's gearing of last year was 0.27135601. ==> Last year is lower than this year ==> Score 0.

Q6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year'’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year: Jun14)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=2068.475/2802.808
=0.73800096

Current Ratio (Last Year: Jun13)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=2051.093/3081.51
=0.66561296

Northeast Utilities's current ratio of this year was 0.73800096. Northeast Utilities's current ratio of last year was 0.66561296. ==> This year's current ratio is higher. ==> Score 1.

Q7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

Northeast Utilities's number of shares in issue this year was 317.1. Northeast Utilities's number of shares in issue last year was 316. ==> There is larger number of shares in issue this year. ==> Score 0.

Efficiency

Q8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=4747.696/7638.523
=0.62154634

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=4704.1/7176.366
=0.6554989

Northeast Utilities's gross margin of this year was 0.62154634. Northeast Utilities's gross margin of last year was 0.6554989. ==> Last year's gross margin is higher ==> Score 0.

Q9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by average total assets throughout the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Average Total Assets from Jun13 to Jun14
=7638.523/28064.8124
=0.27217438

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Average Total Assets from Jun12 to Jun13
=7176.366/28018.4478
=0.25613003

Northeast Utilities's asset turnover of this year was 0.27217438. Northeast Utilities's asset turnover of last year was 0.25613003. ==> This year's asset turnover is higher. ==> Score 1.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score=Q1+Q2+Q3+Q4+Q5+Q6+Q7+Q8+Q9
=1+1+0+1+0+1+0+0+1
=5

Good or high score = 8 or 9

Bad or low score = 0 or 1

Northeast Utilities has an F-score of 5 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities, Altman Z-Score, Beneish M-Score


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Northeast Utilities Annual Data

Dec04Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13
Q1 1011111111
Q2 1111111111
Q3 1010111111
Q4 1101111111
Q5 0000101110
Q6 0110010001
Q7 0000000000
Q8 0010111110
Q9 1100100011
F-score 5453766676

Northeast Utilities Quarterly Data

Mar12Jun12Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14
Q1 1111111111
Q2 1111111111
Q3 0000111110
Q4 1111111111
Q5 1111100000
Q6 0000011111
Q7 0000000000
Q8 1111111000
Q9 0000000001
F-score 5555666555
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