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Nu Skin Enterprises Inc (NYSE:NUS)
Piotroski F-Score
5 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Nu Skin Enterprises Inc has an F-score of 5 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.

NUS' s Piotroski F-Score Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 3   Max: 9
Current: 5

3
9

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of Nu Skin Enterprises Inc was 9. The lowest was 3. And the median was 7.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Sep15) TTM:Last Year (Sep14) TTM:
Net Income was 0 + 36.282 + 44.657 + 16.267 = $97 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 94.793 + 74.198 + 85.404 + 82.362 = $337 Mil.
Revenue was 0 + 543.332 + 560.209 + 571.308 = $1,675 Mil.
Gross Profit was 0 + 438.277 + 449.946 + 418.553 = $1,307 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Sep14)
to the end of this year (Sep15) was
(1573.249 + 1614.434 + 1612.617 + 1602.62 + 1553.458) / 5 = $1591.2756 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Sep14) was $1,573 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $186 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $777 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $411 Mil.
Net Income was 0 + 54.854 + 19.507 + 68.308 = $143 Mil.

Revenue was 0 + 671.061 + 650.027 + 638.8 = $1,960 Mil.
Gross Profit was 0 + 564.417 + 494.017 + 529.525 = $1,588 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of last year (Sep13)
to the end of last year (Sep14) was
(1688.487 + 1821.062 + 1642.473 + 1603.614 + 1573.249) / 5 = $1665.777 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Sep13) was $1,688 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $96 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $805 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $450 Mil.

Profitability

Question 1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Nu Skin Enterprises Inc's current net income (TTM) was 97. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Nu Skin Enterprises Inc's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 337. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Sep14)
=97.206/1573.249
=0.06178679

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Sep13)
=142.669/1688.487
=0.08449517

Nu Skin Enterprises Inc's return on assets of this year was 0.06178679. Nu Skin Enterprises Inc's return on assets of last year was 0.08449517. ==> Last year is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA <= ROA.

Nu Skin Enterprises Inc's current net income (TTM) was 97. Nu Skin Enterprises Inc's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 337. ==> 337 > 97 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Question 5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Sep15)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Sep14 to Sep15
=186.222/1591.2756
=0.11702687

Gearing (Last Year: Sep14)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Sep13 to Sep14
=95.783/1665.777
=0.05750049

Nu Skin Enterprises Inc's gearing of this year was 0.11702687. Nu Skin Enterprises Inc's gearing of last year was 0.05750049. ==> Last year is lower than this year ==> Score 0.

Question 6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year'’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year: Sep15)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=776.883/411.061
=1.88994577

Current Ratio (Last Year: Sep14)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=805.422/450.174
=1.78913487

Nu Skin Enterprises Inc's current ratio of this year was 1.88994577. Nu Skin Enterprises Inc's current ratio of last year was 1.78913487. ==> This year's current ratio is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

Nu Skin Enterprises Inc's number of shares in issue this year was 58.7. Nu Skin Enterprises Inc's number of shares in issue last year was 60.8. ==> There is smaller number of shares in issue this year, or the same. ==> Score 1.

Efficiency

Question 8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=1306.776/1674.849
=0.78023511

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=1587.959/1959.888
=0.81022946

Nu Skin Enterprises Inc's gross margin of this year was 0.78023511. Nu Skin Enterprises Inc's gross margin of last year was 0.81022946. ==> Last year's gross margin is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Sep14)
=1674.849/1573.249
=1.06457973

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Sep13)
=1959.888/1688.487
=1.16073621

Nu Skin Enterprises Inc's asset turnover of this year was 1.06457973. Nu Skin Enterprises Inc's asset turnover of last year was 1.16073621. ==> Last year's asset turnover is higher ==> Score 0.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score= Que. 1+ Que. 2+ Que. 3+Que. 4+Que. 5+Que. 6+Que. 7+Que. 8+Que. 9
=1+1+0+1+0+1+1+0+0
=5

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Nu Skin Enterprises Inc has an F-score of 5 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Nu Skin Enterprises Inc Annual Data

Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13Dec14
Question 1 1111111111
Question 2 1111111110
Question 3 1011110110
Question 4 1111111110
Question 5 1001111010
Question 6 1001111001
Question 7 1111010101
Question 8 0100010110
Question 9 1011010110
F-score 8568695773

Nu Skin Enterprises Inc Quarterly Data

Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14Sep14Dec14Mar15Jun15Sep15
Question 1 1111111111
Question 2 1111100111
Question 3 0111000000
Question 4 1111000111
Question 5 1111110000
Question 6 0000111111
Question 7 1100111111
Question 8 0111000000
Question 9 0111100000
F-score 5877643555
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