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Nu Skin Enterprises Inc (NYSE:NUS)
Piotroski F-Score
5 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Nu Skin Enterprises Inc has an F-score of 5 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.

NUS' s 10-Year Piotroski F-Score Range
Min: 3   Max: 9
Current: 5

3
9

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of Nu Skin Enterprises Inc was 9. The lowest was 3. And the median was 7.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Jun15) TTM:Last Year (Jun14) TTM:
Net Income was 68.308 + 46.507 + 36.282 + 44.657 = $196 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 33.608 + 94.793 + 74.198 + 85.404 = $288 Mil.
Revenue was 638.8 + 609.607 + 543.332 + 560.209 = $2,352 Mil.
Gross Profit was 529.525 + 503.102 + 438.277 + 449.946 = $1,921 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Jun14)
to the end of this year (Jun15) was
(1603.614 + 1573.249 + 1614.434 + 1612.617 + 1602.62) / 5 = $1601.3068 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Jun14) was $1,604 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $177 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $808 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $421 Mil.
Net Income was 110.9 + 125.271 + 54.854 + 19.507 = $311 Mil.

Revenue was 927.612 + 1016.085 + 671.061 + 650.027 = $3,265 Mil.
Gross Profit was 787.796 + 851.413 + 564.417 + 494.017 = $2,698 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of last year (Jun13)
to the end of last year (Jun14) was
(1392.707 + 1688.487 + 1821.062 + 1642.473 + 1603.614) / 5 = $1629.6686 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Jun13) was $1,393 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $112 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $846 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $519 Mil.

Profitability

Question 1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Nu Skin Enterprises Inc's current net income (TTM) was 196. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Nu Skin Enterprises Inc's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 288. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Jun14)
=195.754/1603.614
=0.12207052

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Jun13)
=310.532/1392.707
=0.22297009

Nu Skin Enterprises Inc's return on assets of this year was 0.12207052. Nu Skin Enterprises Inc's return on assets of last year was 0.22297009. ==> Last year is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA <= ROA.

Nu Skin Enterprises Inc's current net income (TTM) was 196. Nu Skin Enterprises Inc's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 288. ==> 288 > 196 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Question 5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Jun15)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Jun14 to Jun15
=177.178/1601.3068
=0.11064588

Gearing (Last Year: Jun14)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Jun13 to Jun14
=111.621/1629.6686
=0.06849307

Nu Skin Enterprises Inc's gearing of this year was 0.11064588. Nu Skin Enterprises Inc's gearing of last year was 0.06849307. ==> Last year is lower than this year ==> Score 0.

Question 6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year'’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year: Jun15)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=807.707/420.749
=1.91968846

Current Ratio (Last Year: Jun14)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=846.047/518.676
=1.63116666

Nu Skin Enterprises Inc's current ratio of this year was 1.91968846. Nu Skin Enterprises Inc's current ratio of last year was 1.63116666. ==> This year's current ratio is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

Nu Skin Enterprises Inc's number of shares in issue this year was 59.7. Nu Skin Enterprises Inc's number of shares in issue last year was 61.1. ==> There is smaller number of shares in issue this year, or the same. ==> Score 1.

Efficiency

Question 8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=1920.85/2351.948
=0.81670598

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=2697.643/3264.785
=0.82628504

Nu Skin Enterprises Inc's gross margin of this year was 0.81670598. Nu Skin Enterprises Inc's gross margin of last year was 0.82628504. ==> Last year's gross margin is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Jun14)
=2351.948/1603.614
=1.46665469

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Jun13)
=3264.785/1392.707
=2.3442009

Nu Skin Enterprises Inc's asset turnover of this year was 1.46665469. Nu Skin Enterprises Inc's asset turnover of last year was 2.3442009. ==> Last year's asset turnover is higher ==> Score 0.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score= Que. 1+ Que. 2+ Que. 3+Que. 4+Que. 5+Que. 6+Que. 7+Que. 8+Que. 9
=1+1+0+1+0+1+1+0+0
=5

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Nu Skin Enterprises Inc has an F-score of 5 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Nu Skin Enterprises Inc Annual Data

Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13Dec14
Question 1 1111111111
Question 2 1111111110
Question 3 0011110110
Question 4 1111111110
Question 5 1001111010
Question 6 1001111001
Question 7 1111010101
Question 8 0000110110
Question 9 1011110110
F-score 7468895773

Nu Skin Enterprises Inc Quarterly Data

Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14Sep14Dec14Mar15Jun15
Question 1 1111111111
Question 2 1111110011
Question 3 1011110000
Question 4 1111000011
Question 5 0111111000
Question 6 0000011111
Question 7 1110011111
Question 8 1011100000
Question 9 1011110000
F-score 7587674355
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