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ONEOK Inc (NYSE:OKE)
Piotroski F-Score
6 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

ONEOK Inc has an F-score of 6 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.

OKE' s 10-Year Piotroski F-Score Range
Min: 2   Max: 8
Current: 6

2
8

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of ONEOK Inc was 8. The lowest was 2. And the median was 5.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Sep14) TTM:Last Year (Sep13) TTM:
Net Income was 90.737 + 93.515 + 61.59 + 64.458 = $310 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 273.221 + 490.383 + 45.924 + 334.232 = $1,144 Mil.
Revenue was 6180.397 + 3163.296 + 3066.882 + 3120.145 = $15,531 Mil.
Gross Profit was 1081.596 + 510.627 + 495.48 + 536.941 = $2,625 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Sep13)
to the end of this year (Sep14) was
(17610.343 + 17707.558 + 13653.134 + 14384.538 + 14312.196) / 5 = $15533.5538 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Sep13) was $17,610 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $7,195 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $1,713 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $1,782 Mil.
Net Income was 111.542 + 112.521 + 0.919 + 62.356 = $287 Mil.

Revenue was 3659.924 + 2517.955 + 2768.984 + 3135.381 = $12,082 Mil.
Gross Profit was 604.32 + 371.107 + 412.758 + 424.222 = $1,812 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of last year (Sep12)
to the end of last year (Sep13) was
(15364.307 + 15855.275 + 15446.219 + 15842.274 + 17610.343) / 5 = $16023.6836 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Sep12) was $15,364 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $7,757 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $2,882 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $2,622 Mil.

Profitability

Q1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

ONEOK Inc's current net income (TTM) was 310. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

ONEOK Inc's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 1,144. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Sep13)
=310.3/17610.343
=0.01762033

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Sep12)
=287.338/15364.307
=0.01870166

ONEOK Inc's return on assets of this year was 0.01762033. ONEOK Inc's return on assets of last year was 0.01870166. ==> Last year is higher ==> Score 0.

Q4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA <= ROA.

ONEOK Inc's current net income (TTM) was 310. ONEOK Inc's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 1,144. ==> 1,144 > 310 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Q5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Sep14)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Sep13 to Sep14
=7194.957/15533.5538
=0.46318808

Gearing (Last Year: Sep13)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Sep12 to Sep13
=7757.159/16023.6836
=0.48410585

ONEOK Inc's gearing of this year was 0.46318808. ONEOK Inc's gearing of last year was 0.48410585. ==> This year is lower or equal to last year. ==> Score 1.

Q6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year'’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year: Sep14)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=1712.787/1781.901
=0.96121333

Current Ratio (Last Year: Sep13)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=2882.024/2621.71
=1.09929168

ONEOK Inc's current ratio of this year was 0.96121333. ONEOK Inc's current ratio of last year was 1.09929168. ==> Last year's current ratio is higher ==> Score 0.

Q7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

ONEOK Inc's number of shares in issue this year was 210.8. ONEOK Inc's number of shares in issue last year was 209.9. ==> There is larger number of shares in issue this year. ==> Score 0.

Efficiency

Q8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=2624.644/15530.72
=0.16899693

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=1812.407/12082.244
=0.15000583

ONEOK Inc's gross margin of this year was 0.16899693. ONEOK Inc's gross margin of last year was 0.15000583. ==> This year's gross margin is higher. ==> Score 1.

Q9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Sep13)
=15530.72/17610.343
=0.881909

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Sep12)
=12082.244/15364.307
=0.78638392

ONEOK Inc's asset turnover of this year was 0.881909. ONEOK Inc's asset turnover of last year was 0.78638392. ==> This year's asset turnover is higher. ==> Score 1.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score=Q1+Q2+Q3+Q4+Q5+Q6+Q7+Q8+Q9
=1+1+0+1+1+0+0+1+1
=6

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

ONEOK Inc has an F-score of 6 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

ONEOK Inc Annual Data

Dec04Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13
Q1 1111111111
Q2 1011111111
Q3 1100001100
Q4 0011111111
Q5 1001111000
Q6 0110000010
Q7 0001100111
Q8 0010010010
Q9 1101101100
F-score 5456656664

ONEOK Inc Quarterly Data

Jun12Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14Sep14
Q1 1111111111
Q2 1111111111
Q3 1100000000
Q4 1111111111
Q5 0000000001
Q6 0110000110
Q7 1111110000
Q8 1111000001
Q9 0000000111
F-score 6765443556
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