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Plains All American Pipeline LP (NYSE:PAA)
Piotroski F-Score
4 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 8 or 9
Bad or low score = 0 or 1

Plains All American Pipeline LP has an F-score of 4 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.

PAA' s 10-Year Piotroski F-Score Range
Min: 3   Max: 7
Current: 4

3
7

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of Plains All American Pipeline LP was 7. The lowest was 3. And the median was 5.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Jun14) TTM:Last Year (Jun13) TTM:
Net Income was 287 + 384 + 309 + 231 = $1,211 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 141 + 822 + 360 + 257 = $1,580 Mil.
Revenue was 11195 + 11684 + 10632 + 10703 = $44,214 Mil.
Gross Profit was 555 + 678 + 588 + 468 = $2,289 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Jun13) was $19,424 Mil.
Total Assets was $21,495 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $7,414 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $5,168 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $5,423 Mil.
Net Income was 292 + 528 + 320 + 165 = $1,305 Mil.

Revenue was 10295 + 10620 + 9439 + 9354 = $39,708 Mil.
Gross Profit was 565 + 843 + 606 + 538 = $2,552 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Jun12) was $17,806 Mil.
Total Assets was $19,424 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $6,313 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $4,841 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $4,924 Mil.

Profitability

Q1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Plains All American Pipeline LP's current net income was 1,211. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Plains All American Pipeline LP's current cash flow from operations was 1,580. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income/Total Assets at the beginning of this year (Jun13)
=1211/19424
=0.06234555

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income/Total Assets at the beginning of last year (Jun12)
=1305/17806
=0.0732899

Plains All American Pipeline LP's return on assets of this year was 0.06234555. Plains All American Pipeline LP's return on assets of last year was 0.0732899. ==> Last year is higher ==> Score 0.

Q4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA =< ROA.

Plains All American Pipeline LP's current net income was 1,211. Plains All American Pipeline LP's current cash flow from operations was 1,580. ==> 1,580 > 1,211 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Q5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year)=Long-Term Debt/Total Assets
=7414/21495
=0.34491742

Gearing (Last Year)=Long-Term Debt/Total Assets
=6313/19424
=0.3250103

Plains All American Pipeline LP's gearing of this year was 0.34491742. Plains All American Pipeline LP's gearing of last year was 0.3250103. ==> Last year is lower than this year ==> Score 0.

Q6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year'’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=5168/5423
=0.95297806

Current Ratio (Last Year)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=4841/4924
=0.98314379

Plains All American Pipeline LP's current ratio of this year was 0.95297806. Plains All American Pipeline LP's current ratio of last year was 0.98314379. ==> Last year's current ratio is higher ==> Score 0.

Q7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

Plains All American Pipeline LP's number of shares in issue this year was 367. Plains All American Pipeline LP's number of shares in issue last year was 342. ==> There is larger number of shares in issue this year. ==> Score 0.

Efficiency

Q8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=2289/44214
=0.05177093

Gross Margin (Last Year)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=2552/39708
=0.06426916

Plains All American Pipeline LP's gross margin of this year was 0.05177093. Plains All American Pipeline LP's gross margin of last year was 0.06426916. ==> Last year's gross margin is higher ==> Score 0.

Q9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the beginning of this year (Jun13)
=44214/19424
=2.27625618

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the beginning of last year (Jun12)
=39708/17806
=2.23003482

Plains All American Pipeline LP's asset turnover of this year was 2.27625618. Plains All American Pipeline LP's asset turnover of last year was 2.23003482. ==> This year's asset turnover is higher. ==> Score 1.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score=Q1+Q2+Q3+Q4+Q5+Q6+Q7+Q8+Q9
=1+1+0+1+0+0+0+0+1
=4

Good or high score = 8 or 9

Bad or low score = 0 or 1

Plains All American Pipeline LP has an F-score of 4 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Plains All American Pipeline LP Annual Data

Dec04Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13
Q1 1111111111
Q2 1101111111
Q3 1110110110
Q4 0001100111
Q5 0101000100
Q6 1110011010
Q7 0000000000
Q8 0011010110
Q9 1000101100
F-score 5545554763

Plains All American Pipeline LP Quarterly Data

Mar12Jun12Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14
Q1 1111111111
Q2 1111111111
Q3 1111101000
Q4 1111111111
Q5 0100110000
Q6 0001111000
Q7 0000000000
Q8 1111111000
Q9 1110000001
F-score 6766766334
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