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PDL BioPharma Inc (NAS:PDLI)
Piotroski F-Score
4 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

PDL BioPharma Inc has an F-score of 4 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.

PDLI' s 10-Year Piotroski F-Score Range
Min: 2   Max: 7
Current: 4

2
7

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of PDL BioPharma Inc was 7. The lowest was 2. And the median was 4.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Mar15) TTM:Last Year (Mar14) TTM:
Net Income was 92.055 + 102.235 + 55.071 + 84.498 = $333.9 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 78.012 + 77.086 + 69.042 + 71.846 = $296.0 Mil.
Revenue was 162.752 + 164.594 + 117.075 + 149.706 = $594.1 Mil.
Gross Profit was 162.752 + 164.594 + 117.075 + 149.706 = $594.1 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Mar14)
to the end of this year (Mar15) was
(852.579 + 916.405 + 979.869 + 962.35 + 1114.133) / 5 = $965.0672 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Mar14) was $852.6 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $278.0 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $500.7 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $342.7 Mil.
Net Income was 93.742 + 56.225 + 61.092 + 72.883 = $283.9 Mil.

Revenue was 148.52 + 100.178 + 111.966 + 136.804 = $497.5 Mil.
Gross Profit was 148.52 + 100.178 + 111.966 + 136.804 = $497.5 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of last year (Mar13)
to the end of last year (Mar14) was
(312.81 + 401.424 + 429.672 + 543.955 + 852.579) / 5 = $508.088 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Mar13) was $312.8 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $270.9 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $355.6 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $345.0 Mil.

Profitability

Question 1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

PDL BioPharma Inc's current net income (TTM) was 333.9. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

PDL BioPharma Inc's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 296.0. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Mar14)
=333.859/852.579
=0.39158717

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Mar13)
=283.942/312.81
=0.90771395

PDL BioPharma Inc's return on assets of this year was 0.39158717. PDL BioPharma Inc's return on assets of last year was 0.90771395. ==> Last year is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA <= ROA.

PDL BioPharma Inc's current net income (TTM) was 333.9. PDL BioPharma Inc's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 296.0. ==> 296.0 <= 333.9 ==> CFROA <= ROA ==> Score 0.

Funding

Question 5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Mar15)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Mar14 to Mar15
=277.975/965.0672
=0.28803694

Gearing (Last Year: Mar14)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Mar13 to Mar14
=270.944/508.088
=0.53326195

PDL BioPharma Inc's gearing of this year was 0.28803694. PDL BioPharma Inc's gearing of last year was 0.53326195. ==> This year is lower or equal to last year. ==> Score 1.

Question 6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year'’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year: Mar15)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=500.667/342.748
=1.46074375

Current Ratio (Last Year: Mar14)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=355.6/344.971
=1.03081129

PDL BioPharma Inc's current ratio of this year was 1.46074375. PDL BioPharma Inc's current ratio of last year was 1.03081129. ==> This year's current ratio is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

PDL BioPharma Inc's number of shares in issue this year was 170.4. PDL BioPharma Inc's number of shares in issue last year was 164.6. ==> There is larger number of shares in issue this year. ==> Score 0.

Efficiency

Question 8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=594.127/594.127
=1

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=497.468/497.468
=1

PDL BioPharma Inc's gross margin of this year was 1. PDL BioPharma Inc's gross margin of last year was 1. ==> Last year's gross margin is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Mar14)
=594.127/852.579
=0.69685859

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Mar13)
=497.468/312.81
=1.59032

PDL BioPharma Inc's asset turnover of this year was 0.69685859. PDL BioPharma Inc's asset turnover of last year was 1.59032. ==> Last year's asset turnover is higher ==> Score 0.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score= Que. 1+ Que. 2+ Que. 3+Que. 4+Que. 5+Que. 6+Que. 7+Que. 8+Que. 9
=1+1+0+0+1+1+0+0+0
=4

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

PDL BioPharma Inc has an F-score of 4 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

PDL BioPharma Inc Annual Data

Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13Dec14
Question 1 0001111111
Question 2 1111111111
Question 3 0111101110
Question 4 1111010010
Question 5 0110011010
Question 6 0010011101
Question 7 0000011100
Question 8 0000000000
Question 9 1011101110
F-score 3465467663

PDL BioPharma Inc Quarterly Data

Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14Sep14Dec14Mar15
Question 1 1111111111
Question 2 1111111111
Question 3 1111100000
Question 4 0111110000
Question 5 0011111101
Question 6 1100000011
Question 7 1000000000
Question 8 0000000000
Question 9 1111100000
F-score 6666643334
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