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Pfizer Inc (NYSE:PFE)
Piotroski F-Score
6 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Pfizer Inc has an F-score of 6 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.

PFE' s Piotroski F-Score Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 4   Max: 8
Current: 6

4
8

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of Pfizer Inc was 8. The lowest was 4. And the median was 6.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Mar16) TTM:Last Year (Mar15) TTM:
Net Income was 2626 + 2130 + -172 + 3016 = $7,600 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 4095 + 5024 + 4713 + 1651 = $15,483 Mil.
Revenue was 11853 + 12087 + 14047 + 13005 = $50,992 Mil.
Gross Profit was 9673 + 9868 + 10637 + 10154 = $40,332 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Mar15)
to the end of this year (Mar16) was
(160640 + 160878 + 170867 + 167460 + 162929) / 5 = $164554.8 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Mar15) was $160,640 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $27,824 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $41,298 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $28,735 Mil.
Net Income was 2912 + 2666 + 1228 + 2376 = $9,182 Mil.

Revenue was 12773 + 12361 + 13118 + 10864 = $49,116 Mil.
Gross Profit was 10311 + 9993 + 10416 + 9026 = $39,746 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of last year (Mar14)
to the end of last year (Mar15) was
(171808 + 172612 + 171362 + 167566 + 160640) / 5 = $168797.6 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Mar14) was $171,808 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $29,370 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $49,443 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $20,222 Mil.

Profitability

Question 1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Pfizer Inc's current net income (TTM) was 7,600. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Pfizer Inc's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 15,483. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Mar15)
=7600/160640
=0.04731076

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Mar14)
=9182/171808
=0.05344338

Pfizer Inc's return on assets of this year was 0.04731076. Pfizer Inc's return on assets of last year was 0.05344338. ==> Last year is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA <= ROA.

Pfizer Inc's current net income (TTM) was 7,600. Pfizer Inc's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 15,483. ==> 15,483 > 7,600 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Question 5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Mar16)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Mar15 to Mar16
=27824/164554.8
=0.16908653

Gearing (Last Year: Mar15)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Mar14 to Mar15
=29370/168797.6
=0.17399536

Pfizer Inc's gearing of this year was 0.16908653. Pfizer Inc's gearing of last year was 0.17399536. ==> This year is lower or equal to last year. ==> Score 1.

Question 6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year'’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year: Mar16)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=41298/28735
=1.43720202

Current Ratio (Last Year: Mar15)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=49443/20222
=2.44501038

Pfizer Inc's current ratio of this year was 1.43720202. Pfizer Inc's current ratio of last year was 2.44501038. ==> Last year's current ratio is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

Pfizer Inc's number of shares in issue this year was 6214. Pfizer Inc's number of shares in issue last year was 6292. ==> There is smaller number of shares in issue this year, or the same. ==> Score 1.

Efficiency

Question 8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=40332/50992
=0.7909476

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=39746/49116
=0.80922714

Pfizer Inc's gross margin of this year was 0.7909476. Pfizer Inc's gross margin of last year was 0.80922714. ==> Last year's gross margin is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Mar15)
=50992/160640
=0.31743028

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Mar14)
=49116/171808
=0.28587726

Pfizer Inc's asset turnover of this year was 0.31743028. Pfizer Inc's asset turnover of last year was 0.28587726. ==> This year's asset turnover is higher. ==> Score 1.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score= Que. 1+ Que. 2+ Que. 3+Que. 4+Que. 5+Que. 6+Que. 7+Que. 8+Que. 9
=1+1+0+1+1+0+1+0+1
=6

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Pfizer Inc has an F-score of 6 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Pfizer Inc Annual Data

Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13Dec14Dec15
Question 1 1111111111
Question 2 1111111111
Question 3 1001011100
Question 4 0111111011
Question 5 1000111001
Question 6 1001101110
Question 7 1110011111
Question 8 0010011000
Question 9 1101010011
F-score 7556588566

Pfizer Inc Quarterly Data

Dec13Mar14Jun14Sep14Dec14Mar15Jun15Sep15Dec15Mar16
Question 1 1111111111
Question 2 1111111111
Question 3 1100000000
Question 4 0011111111
Question 5 0100001111
Question 6 1010110000
Question 7 1111111111
Question 8 0000001100
Question 9 0001110011
F-score 5555666666
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