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Procter & Gamble Co (NYSE:PG)
Piotroski F-Score
7 (As of Today)

Good Sign:

Piotroski F-Score of 7 is 7, indicating very healthy situation.

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Procter & Gamble Co has an F-score of 6 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.

PG' s Piotroski F-Score Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 4   Max: 8
Current: 7

4
8

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of Procter & Gamble Co was 8. The lowest was 4. And the median was 6.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Dec15) TTM:Last Year (Dec14) TTM:
Net Income was 2153 + 521 + 2601 + 3206 = $8,481 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 3552 + 3988 + 3538 + 4480 = $15,558 Mil.
Revenue was 18142 + 17790 + 16527 + 16915 = $69,374 Mil.
Gross Profit was 8815 + 8533 + 8375 + 8455 = $34,178 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Dec14)
to the end of this year (Dec15) was
(136263 + 130937 + 129495 + 129265 + 129143) / 5 = $131020.6 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Dec14) was $136,263 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $17,595 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $36,347 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $32,053 Mil.
Net Income was 2609 + 2579 + 1990 + 2372 = $9,550 Mil.

Revenue was 19641 + 19596 + 18771 + 18495 = $76,503 Mil.
Gross Profit was 9601 + 9308 + 9037 + 8937 = $36,883 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of last year (Dec13)
to the end of last year (Dec14) was
(142927 + 143197 + 144266 + 138183 + 136263) / 5 = $140967.2 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Dec13) was $142,927 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $18,124 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $33,178 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $34,152 Mil.

Profitability

Question 1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Procter & Gamble Co's current net income (TTM) was 8,481. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Procter & Gamble Co's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 15,558. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Dec14)
=8481/136263
=0.06223993

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Dec13)
=9550/142927
=0.06681733

Procter & Gamble Co's return on assets of this year was 0.06223993. Procter & Gamble Co's return on assets of last year was 0.06681733. ==> Last year is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA <= ROA.

Procter & Gamble Co's current net income (TTM) was 8,481. Procter & Gamble Co's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 15,558. ==> 15,558 > 8,481 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Question 5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Dec15)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Dec14 to Dec15
=17595/131020.6
=0.13429186

Gearing (Last Year: Dec14)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Dec13 to Dec14
=18124/140967.2
=0.12856892

Procter & Gamble Co's gearing of this year was 0.13429186. Procter & Gamble Co's gearing of last year was 0.12856892. ==> Last year is lower than this year ==> Score 0.

Question 6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year'’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year: Dec15)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=36347/32053
=1.13396562

Current Ratio (Last Year: Dec14)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=33178/34152
=0.97148044

Procter & Gamble Co's current ratio of this year was 1.13396562. Procter & Gamble Co's current ratio of last year was 0.97148044. ==> This year's current ratio is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

Procter & Gamble Co's number of shares in issue this year was 2864.6. Procter & Gamble Co's number of shares in issue last year was 2885.2. ==> There is smaller number of shares in issue this year, or the same. ==> Score 1.

Efficiency

Question 8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=34178/69374
=0.49266296

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=36883/76503
=0.48211181

Procter & Gamble Co's gross margin of this year was 0.49266296. Procter & Gamble Co's gross margin of last year was 0.48211181. ==> This year's gross margin is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Dec14)
=69374/136263
=0.5091184

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Dec13)
=76503/142927
=0.53525926

Procter & Gamble Co's asset turnover of this year was 0.5091184. Procter & Gamble Co's asset turnover of last year was 0.53525926. ==> Last year's asset turnover is higher ==> Score 0.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score= Que. 1+ Que. 2+ Que. 3+Que. 4+Que. 5+Que. 6+Que. 7+Que. 8+Que. 9
=1+1+0+1+0+1+1+1+0
=6

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Procter & Gamble Co has an F-score of 6 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Procter & Gamble Co Annual Data

Jun06Jun07Jun08Jun09Jun10Jun11Jun12Jun13Jun14Jun15
Question 1 1111111111
Question 2 1111111111
Question 3 1011100100
Question 4 1111111111
Question 5 0111001101
Question 6 1010111011
Question 7 0011111111
Question 8 1100100100
Question 9 1010110100
F-score 7586866856

Procter & Gamble Co Quarterly Data

Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14Sep14Dec14Mar15Jun15Sep15Dec15
Question 1 1111111111
Question 2 1111111111
Question 3 1000000000
Question 4 1111111111
Question 5 1110011110
Question 6 0001111111
Question 7 1111111111
Question 8 1000000011
Question 9 1000000000
F-score 8555566676
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