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Pengrowth Energy Corp (NYSE:PGH)
Piotroski F-Score
2 (As of Today)

Warning Sign:

Piotroski F-Score of 2 is low, which usually implies poor business operation.

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 8 or 9
Bad or low score = 0 or 1

Pengrowth Energy Corp has an F-score of 2. It is a bad or low score, which usually implies poor business operation.

PGH' s 10-Year Piotroski F-Score Range
Min: 2   Max: 8
Current: 2

2
8

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of Pengrowth Energy Corp was 8. The lowest was 2. And the median was 5.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Dec13) TTM:Last Year (Dec12) TTM:
Net Income was -83.2723948812 + -103.571428571 + -51.3971153846 + -63.8390578999 = $-302 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 115.447897623 + 154.826254826 + 200.755769231 + 138.609421001 = $610 Mil.
Revenue was 264.07678245 + 382.528957529 + 420.389423077 + 322.889106968 = $1,390 Mil.
Gross Profit was 99.7257769653 + 183.108108108 + 218.676923077 + 135.634936212 = $637 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Dec12) was $7,530 Mil.
Total Assets was $6,063 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $1,417 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $586 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $512 Mil.
Net Income was -1.00806451613 + -24.1134751773 + 36.2642998028 + 0.725075528701 = $12 Mil.

Revenue was 434.576612903 + 351.063829787 + 413.231755424 + 316.542799597 = $1,515 Mil.
Gross Profit was 242.540322581 + 149.544072948 + 241.50887574 + 141.498489426 = $775 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Dec11) was $5,572 Mil.
Total Assets was $7,530 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $1,732 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $535 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $405 Mil.

Profitability

Q1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Pengrowth Energy Corp's current net income was -302. ==> Negative ==> Score 0.

Q2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Pengrowth Energy Corp's current cash flow from operations was 610. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income/Total Assets at the beginning of this year (Dec12)
=-302.079996737/7530.14112903
=-0.04011611

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income/Total Assets at the beginning of last year (Dec11)
=11.867835638/5572.28825271
=0.0021298

Pengrowth Energy Corp's return on assets of this year was -0.04011611. Pengrowth Energy Corp's return on assets of last year was 0.0021298. ==> Last year is higher ==> Score 0.

Q4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA =< ROA.

Pengrowth Energy Corp's current net income was -302. Pengrowth Energy Corp's current cash flow from operations was 610. ==> 610 > -302 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Q5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 1 if gearing is lower, 0 if it’s higher.

Gearing (This Year)=Long-Term Debt/Total Assets
=1416.8190128/6063.25411335
=0.23367304

Gearing (Last Year)=Long-Term Debt/Total Assets
=1731.85483871/7530.14112903
=0.22998969

Pengrowth Energy Corp's gearing of this year was 0.23367304. Pengrowth Energy Corp's gearing of last year was 0.22998969. ==> Last year is lower ==> Score 0.

Q6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=585.740402194/512.065813528
=1.14387719

Current Ratio (Last Year)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=534.677419355/404.838709677
=1.32071713

Pengrowth Energy Corp's current ratio of this year was 1.14387719. Pengrowth Energy Corp's current ratio of last year was 1.32071713. ==> Last year's current ratio is higher ==> Score 0.

Q7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 1 if there is fewer number of shares in issue this year. Score 0 otherwise.

Pengrowth Energy Corp's number of shares in issue this year was 521. Pengrowth Energy Corp's number of shares in issue last year was 513.9. ==> There is more number of shares in issue this year. ==> Score 0.

Efficiency

Q8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=637.145744362/1389.88427002
=0.4584164

Gross Margin (Last Year)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=775.091760695/1515.41499771
=0.51147162

Pengrowth Energy Corp's gross margin of this year was 0.4584164. Pengrowth Energy Corp's gross margin of last year was 0.51147162. ==> Last year's gross margin is higher ==> Score 0.

Q9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the beginning of this year (Dec12)
=1389.88427002/7530.14112903
=0.18457612

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the beginning of last year (Dec11)
=1515.41499771/5572.28825271
=0.2719556

Pengrowth Energy Corp's asset turnover of this year was 0.18457612. Pengrowth Energy Corp's asset turnover of last year was 0.2719556. ==> Last year's asset turnover is higher ==> Score 0.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score=Q1+Q2+Q3+Q4+Q5+Q6+Q7+Q8+Q9
=0+1+0+1+0+0+0+0+0
=2

Good or high score = 8 or 9

Bad or low score = 0 or 1

Pengrowth Energy Corp has an F-score of 2. It is a bad or low score, which usually implies poor business operation.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Pengrowth Energy Corp Annual Data

Dec04Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13
Q1 1111111110
Q2 1111111111
Q3 0100001000
Q4 1111111111
Q5 1110011100
Q6 0010101010
Q7 0000000000
Q8 0101001000
Q9 0100001010
F-score 4754448452

Pengrowth Energy Corp Quarterly Data

Sep11Dec11Mar12Jun12Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13
Q1 0111110000
Q2 1111111111
Q3 0010100000
Q4 1111111111
Q5 0110100000
Q6 0000011110
Q7 0000000000
Q8 1000000010
Q9 0010000000
F-score 3463543342
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