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PPL Corp (NYSE:PPL)
Piotroski F-Score
5 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 8 or 9
Bad or low score = 0 or 1

PPL Corp has an F-score of 5 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.

PPL' s 10-Year Piotroski F-Score Range
Min: 4   Max: 8
Current: 5

4
8

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of PPL Corp was 8. The lowest was 4. And the median was 6.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Dec13) TTM:Last Year (Dec12) TTM:
Net Income was -98 + 410 + 405 + 413 = $1,130 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 634 + 1276 + 703 + 244 = $2,857 Mil.
Revenue was 2848 + 3105 + 3450 + 2457 = $11,860 Mil.
Gross Profit was 1904 + 1905 + 1828 + 1749 = $7,386 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Dec12) was $43,634 Mil.
Total Assets was $46,259 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $20,592 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $5,153 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $4,912 Mil.
Net Income was 359 + 355 + 271 + 541 = $1,526 Mil.

Revenue was 3222 + 2403 + 2549 + 4112 = $12,286 Mil.
Gross Profit was 1947 + 1682 + 1669 + 2112 = $7,410 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Dec11) was $42,648 Mil.
Total Assets was $43,634 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $18,725 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $5,068 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $5,625 Mil.

Profitability

Q1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

PPL Corp's current net income was 1,130. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

PPL Corp's current cash flow from operations was 2,857. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income/Total Assets at the beginning of this year (Dec12)
=1130/43634
=0.02589724

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income/Total Assets at the beginning of last year (Dec11)
=1526/42648
=0.03578128

PPL Corp's return on assets of this year was 0.02589724. PPL Corp's return on assets of last year was 0.03578128. ==> Last year is higher ==> Score 0.

Q4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA =< ROA.

PPL Corp's current net income was 1,130. PPL Corp's current cash flow from operations was 2,857. ==> 2,857 > 1,130 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Q5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 1 if gearing is lower, 0 if it’s higher.

Gearing (This Year)=Long-Term Debt/Total Assets
=20592/46259
=0.44514581

Gearing (Last Year)=Long-Term Debt/Total Assets
=18725/43634
=0.42913783

PPL Corp's gearing of this year was 0.44514581. PPL Corp's gearing of last year was 0.42913783. ==> Last year is lower ==> Score 0.

Q6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=5153/4912
=1.04906352

Current Ratio (Last Year)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=5068/5625
=0.90097778

PPL Corp's current ratio of this year was 1.04906352. PPL Corp's current ratio of last year was 0.90097778. ==> This year's current ratio is higher. ==> Score 1.

Q7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 1 if there is fewer number of shares in issue this year. Score 0 otherwise.

PPL Corp's number of shares in issue this year was 666. PPL Corp's number of shares in issue last year was 583.7. ==> There is more number of shares in issue this year. ==> Score 0.

Efficiency

Q8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=7386/11860
=0.6227656

Gross Margin (Last Year)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=7410/12286
=0.60312551

PPL Corp's gross margin of this year was 0.6227656. PPL Corp's gross margin of last year was 0.60312551. ==> This year's gross margin is higher. ==> Score 1.

Q9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the beginning of this year (Dec12)
=11860/43634
=0.27180639

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the beginning of last year (Dec11)
=12286/42648
=0.28807916

PPL Corp's asset turnover of this year was 0.27180639. PPL Corp's asset turnover of last year was 0.28807916. ==> Last year's asset turnover is higher ==> Score 0.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score=Q1+Q2+Q3+Q4+Q5+Q6+Q7+Q8+Q9
=1+1+0+1+0+1+0+1+0
=5

Good or high score = 8 or 9

Bad or low score = 0 or 1

PPL Corp has an F-score of 5 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

PPL Corp Annual Data

Dec04Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13
Q1 1111111111
Q2 1111111111
Q3 0011001100
Q4 1111111111
Q5 1100110000
Q6 0011011101
Q7 0010100000
Q8 1110011111
Q9 0010101100
F-score 5585667745

PPL Corp Quarterly Data

Sep11Dec11Mar12Jun12Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13
Q1 1111111111
Q2 1111111111
Q3 1110000000
Q4 1111111111
Q5 0001000010
Q6 0110000001
Q7 0000000000
Q8 1100011111
Q9 1110000000
F-score 6764344455
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