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Primo Water Corp (NAS:PRMW)
Piotroski F-Score
6 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Primo Water Corp has an F-score of 6 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.

PRMW' s 10-Year Piotroski F-Score Range
Min: 2   Max: 6
Current: 6

2
6

During the past 6 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of Primo Water Corp was 6. The lowest was 2. And the median was 4.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Sep14) TTM:Last Year (Sep13) TTM:
Net Income was -3.756 + -3.753 + -6.406 + 0.217 = $-13.70 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was -2.444 + 4.447 + 0.581 + -1.895 = $0.69 Mil.
Revenue was 19.513 + 23.528 + 26.853 + 26.374 = $96.27 Mil.
Gross Profit was 5.07 + 6.186 + 6.762 + 7.597 = $25.62 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Sep13)
to the end of this year (Sep14) was
(74.14 + 70.971 + 70.981 + 72.39 + 69.026) / 5 = $71.5016 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Sep13) was $74.14 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $27.72 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $19.33 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $15.76 Mil.
Net Income was -77.024 + -2.593 + -2.272 + -2.085 = $-83.97 Mil.

Revenue was 20.769 + 22.328 + 23.849 + 25.519 = $92.47 Mil.
Gross Profit was 4.833 + 5.289 + 5.901 + 6.583 = $22.61 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of last year (Sep12)
to the end of last year (Sep13) was
(159.982 + 81.743 + 78.03 + 76.907 + 74.14) / 5 = $94.1604 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Sep12) was $159.98 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $18.38 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $16.80 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $18.15 Mil.

Profitability

Q1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Primo Water Corp's current net income (TTM) was -13.70. ==> Negative ==> Score 0.

Q2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Primo Water Corp's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 0.69. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Sep13)
=-13.698/74.14
=-0.18475856

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Sep12)
=-83.974/159.982
=-0.52489655

Primo Water Corp's return on assets of this year was -0.18475856. Primo Water Corp's return on assets of last year was -0.52489655. ==> This year is higher. ==> Score 1.

Q4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA <= ROA.

Primo Water Corp's current net income (TTM) was -13.70. Primo Water Corp's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 0.69. ==> 0.69 > -13.70 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Q5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Sep14)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Sep13 to Sep14
=27.718/71.5016
=0.38765566

Gearing (Last Year: Sep13)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Sep12 to Sep13
=18.379/94.1604
=0.19518821

Primo Water Corp's gearing of this year was 0.38765566. Primo Water Corp's gearing of last year was 0.19518821. ==> Last year is lower than this year ==> Score 0.

Q6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year'’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year: Sep14)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=19.326/15.757
=1.22650251

Current Ratio (Last Year: Sep13)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=16.804/18.146
=0.92604431

Primo Water Corp's current ratio of this year was 1.22650251. Primo Water Corp's current ratio of last year was 0.92604431. ==> This year's current ratio is higher. ==> Score 1.

Q7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

Primo Water Corp's number of shares in issue this year was 25.8. Primo Water Corp's number of shares in issue last year was 24. ==> There is larger number of shares in issue this year. ==> Score 0.

Efficiency

Q8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=25.615/96.268
=0.26608011

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=22.606/92.465
=0.2444817

Primo Water Corp's gross margin of this year was 0.26608011. Primo Water Corp's gross margin of last year was 0.2444817. ==> This year's gross margin is higher. ==> Score 1.

Q9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Sep13)
=96.268/74.14
=1.29846237

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Sep12)
=92.465/159.982
=0.57797127

Primo Water Corp's asset turnover of this year was 1.29846237. Primo Water Corp's asset turnover of last year was 0.57797127. ==> This year's asset turnover is higher. ==> Score 1.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score=Q1+Q2+Q3+Q4+Q5+Q6+Q7+Q8+Q9
=0+1+1+1+0+1+0+1+1
=6

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Primo Water Corp has an F-score of 6 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Primo Water Corp Annual Data

Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13
Q1 00
Q2 11
Q3 01
Q4 11
Q5 00
Q6 10
Q7 00
Q8 11
Q9 01
F-score 45

Primo Water Corp Quarterly Data

Jun12Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14Sep14
Q1 0000000000
Q2 0011111111
Q3 1100001111
Q4 1111111111
Q5 0000000000
Q6 0110000001
Q7 0000000000
Q8 0000111111
Q9 0000111111
F-score 2332445556
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