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GuruFocus has detected 2 Warning Signs with Ross Stores Inc $ROST.
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Ross Stores Inc (NAS:ROST)
Piotroski F-Score
9 (As of Today)

Good Sign:

Piotroski F-Score of 9 is 9, indicating very healthy situation.

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Ross Stores Inc has an F-score of 9. It is a good or high score, which usually indicates a very healthy situation.

ROST' s Piotroski F-Score Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 3   Max: 9
Current: 9

3
9

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of Ross Stores Inc was 9. The lowest was 3. And the median was 7.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

This Year (Jan17) TTM:Last Year (Jan16) TTM:
Net Income was 290.634 + 281.906 + 244.546 + 300.568 = $1,118 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 469.08 + 310.474 + 249.674 + 529.623 = $1,559 Mil.
Revenue was 3088.995 + 3180.917 + 3086.687 + 3510.158 = $12,867 Mil.
Gross Profit was 912.79 + 929.072 + 880.595 + 970.595 = $3,693 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Jan16)
to the end of this year (Jan17) was
(4869.119 + 5114.177 + 5194.234 + 5349.887 + 5309.351) / 5 = $5167.3536 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Jan16) was $4,869 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $396 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $2,813 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $1,753 Mil.
Net Income was 282.205 + 258.639 + 215.656 + 264.161 = $1,021 Mil.

Revenue was 2938.148 + 2968.27 + 2782.855 + 3250.726 = $11,940 Mil.
Gross Profit was 870.693 + 848.79 + 779.508 + 864.135 = $3,363 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of last year (Jan15)
to the end of last year (Jan16) was
(4687.37 + 4923.459 + 4813.572 + 4903.771 + 4869.119) / 5 = $4839.4582 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Jan15) was $4,687 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $396 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $2,372 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $1,603 Mil.

Profitability

Question 1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Ross Stores Inc's current net income (TTM) was 1,118. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Ross Stores Inc's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 1,559. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Jan16)
=1117.654/4869.119
=0.22953927

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Jan15)
=1020.661/4687.37
=0.21774705

Ross Stores Inc's return on assets of this year was 0.22953927. Ross Stores Inc's return on assets of last year was 0.21774705. ==> This year is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA <= ROA.

Ross Stores Inc's current net income (TTM) was 1,118. Ross Stores Inc's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 1,559. ==> 1,559 > 1,118 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Question 5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Jan17)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Jan16 to Jan17
=396.493/5167.3536
=0.07673038

Gearing (Last Year: Jan16)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Jan15 to Jan16
=396.025/4839.4582
=0.08183251

Ross Stores Inc's gearing of this year was 0.07673038. Ross Stores Inc's gearing of last year was 0.08183251. ==> This year is lower or equal to last year. ==> Score 1.

Question 6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year'’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year: Jan17)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=2813.049/1752.506
=1.60515799

Current Ratio (Last Year: Jan16)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=2372.195/1602.847
=1.47998842

Ross Stores Inc's current ratio of this year was 1.60515799. Ross Stores Inc's current ratio of last year was 1.47998842. ==> This year's current ratio is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

Ross Stores Inc's number of shares in issue this year was 395. Ross Stores Inc's number of shares in issue last year was 406.4. ==> There is smaller number of shares in issue this year, or the same. ==> Score 1.

Efficiency

Question 8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=3693.052/12866.757
=0.28702275

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=3363.126/11939.999
=0.28166887

Ross Stores Inc's gross margin of this year was 0.28702275. Ross Stores Inc's gross margin of last year was 0.28166887. ==> This year's gross margin is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Jan16)
=12866.757/4869.119
=2.6425226

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Jan15)
=11939.999/4687.37
=2.54727043

Ross Stores Inc's asset turnover of this year was 2.6425226. Ross Stores Inc's asset turnover of last year was 2.54727043. ==> This year's asset turnover is higher. ==> Score 1.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score= Que. 1+ Que. 2+ Que. 3+Que. 4+Que. 5+Que. 6+Que. 7+Que. 8+Que. 9
=1+1+1+1+1+1+1+1+1
=9

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Ross Stores Inc has an F-score of 9. It is a good or high score, which usually indicates a very healthy situation.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

Ross Stores Inc Annual Data

Jan08Jan09Jan10Jan11Jan12Jan13Jan14Jan15Jan16Jan17
Question 1 1111111111
Question 2 1111111111
Question 3 0111110101
Question 4 1111111111
Question 5 1111111011
Question 6 0011000111
Question 7 1111111111
Question 8 1111111111
Question 9 0110010101
F-score 6898786879

Ross Stores Inc Quarterly Data

Oct14Jan15Apr15Jul15Oct15Jan16Apr16Jul16Oct16Jan17
Question 1 1111111111
Question 2 1111111111
Question 3 0111000011
Question 4 1111111111
Question 5 0000111111
Question 6 0111111111
Question 7 1111111111
Question 8 0111110111
Question 9 0111000011
F-score 4888776799
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