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GuruFocus has detected 5 Warning Signs with Ross Stores Inc $ROST.
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Ross Stores Inc (NAS:ROST)
Piotroski F-Score
9 (As of Today)

Good Sign:

Piotroski F-Score of 9 is 9, indicating very healthy situation.

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Ross Stores Inc has an F-score of 9. It is a good or high score, which usually indicates a very healthy situation.

ROST' s Piotroski F-Score Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 4   Max: 9
Current: 9

4
9

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of Ross Stores Inc was 9. The lowest was 4. And the median was 7.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

This Year (Oct16) TTM:Last Year (Oct15) TTM:
Net Income was 264.161 + 290.634 + 281.906 + 244.546 = $1,081 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 564.225 + 469.08 + 310.474 + 249.674 = $1,593 Mil.
Revenue was 3250.726 + 3088.995 + 3180.917 + 3086.687 = $12,607 Mil.
Gross Profit was 864.135 + 912.79 + 929.072 + 880.595 = $3,587 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Oct15)
to the end of this year (Oct16) was
(4903.771 + 4869.119 + 5114.177 + 5194.234 + 5349.887) / 5 = $5086.2376 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Oct15) was $4,904 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $396 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $2,875 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $1,888 Mil.
Net Income was 248.53 + 282.205 + 258.639 + 215.656 = $1,005 Mil.

Revenue was 3032.698 + 2938.148 + 2968.27 + 2782.855 = $11,722 Mil.
Gross Profit was 829.129 + 870.693 + 848.79 + 779.508 = $3,328 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of last year (Oct14)
to the end of last year (Oct15) was
(4666.874 + 4687.37 + 4923.459 + 4813.572 + 4903.771) / 5 = $4799.0092 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Oct14) was $4,667 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $396 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $2,435 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $1,749 Mil.

Profitability

Question 1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Ross Stores Inc's current net income (TTM) was 1,081. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Ross Stores Inc's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 1,593. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Oct15)
=1081.247/4903.771
=0.22049296

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Oct14)
=1005.03/4666.874
=0.215354

Ross Stores Inc's return on assets of this year was 0.22049296. Ross Stores Inc's return on assets of last year was 0.215354. ==> This year is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA <= ROA.

Ross Stores Inc's current net income (TTM) was 1,081. Ross Stores Inc's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 1,593. ==> 1,593 > 1,081 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Question 5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Oct16)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Oct15 to Oct16
=396.376/5086.2376
=0.07793108

Gearing (Last Year: Oct15)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Oct14 to Oct15
=395.909/4799.0092
=0.08249807

Ross Stores Inc's gearing of this year was 0.07793108. Ross Stores Inc's gearing of last year was 0.08249807. ==> This year is lower or equal to last year. ==> Score 1.

Question 6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year'’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year: Oct16)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=2875.376/1887.944
=1.52301975

Current Ratio (Last Year: Oct15)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=2434.59/1749.479
=1.39160859

Ross Stores Inc's current ratio of this year was 1.52301975. Ross Stores Inc's current ratio of last year was 1.39160859. ==> This year's current ratio is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

Ross Stores Inc's number of shares in issue this year was 393.4. Ross Stores Inc's number of shares in issue last year was 404.5. ==> There is smaller number of shares in issue this year, or the same. ==> Score 1.

Efficiency

Question 8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=3586.592/12607.325
=0.28448477

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=3328.12/11721.971
=0.28392154

Ross Stores Inc's gross margin of this year was 0.28448477. Ross Stores Inc's gross margin of last year was 0.28392154. ==> This year's gross margin is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Oct15)
=12607.325/4903.771
=2.57094489

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Oct14)
=11721.971/4666.874
=2.51173934

Ross Stores Inc's asset turnover of this year was 2.57094489. Ross Stores Inc's asset turnover of last year was 2.51173934. ==> This year's asset turnover is higher. ==> Score 1.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score= Que. 1+ Que. 2+ Que. 3+Que. 4+Que. 5+Que. 6+Que. 7+Que. 8+Que. 9
=1+1+1+1+1+1+1+1+1
=9

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Ross Stores Inc has an F-score of 9. It is a good or high score, which usually indicates a very healthy situation.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

Ross Stores Inc Annual Data

Jan07Jan08Jan09Jan10Jan11Jan12Jan13Jan14Jan15Jan16
Question 1 1111111111
Question 2 1111111111
Question 3 1011111010
Question 4 1111111111
Question 5 0111111101
Question 6 1001100011
Question 7 1111111101
Question 8 1111111111
Question 9 1011001010
F-score 8689878677

Ross Stores Inc Quarterly Data

Jul14Oct14Jan15Apr15Jul15Oct15Jan16Apr16Jul16Oct16
Question 1 1111111111
Question 2 1111111111
Question 3 0011100001
Question 4 1111111111
Question 5 1000011111
Question 6 0011111111
Question 7 1101111111
Question 8 0011111011
Question 9 0011100001
F-score 5478877679
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