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Steelcase Inc (NYSE:SCS)
Piotroski F-Score
6 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Steelcase Inc has an F-score of 6 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.

SCS' s Piotroski F-Score Range Over the Past 10 Years
Min: 3   Max: 9
Current: 6

3
9

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of Steelcase Inc was 9. The lowest was 3. And the median was 6.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

This Year (Nov16) TTM:Last Year (Nov15) TTM:
Net Income was 77.5 + 19.4 + 38.2 + 41.2 = $176 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 55.9 + -65.7 + 85.8 + 83.9 = $160 Mil.
Revenue was 747.9 + 718.8 + 758 + 786.5 = $3,011 Mil.
Gross Profit was 234.3 + 229.8 + 263.1 + 261.9 = $989 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Nov15)
to the end of this year (Nov16) was
(1791.4 + 1808.6 + 1675.9 + 1733.6 + 1773.1) / 5 = $1756.52 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Nov15) was $1,791 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $295 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $803 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $520 Mil.
Net Income was 22.8 + 20 + 37.2 + 35.6 = $116 Mil.

Revenue was 749.9 + 705.5 + 819 + 787.6 = $3,062 Mil.
Gross Profit was 227.6 + 216.6 + 266.8 + 253.5 = $965 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of last year (Nov14)
to the end of last year (Nov15) was
(1735.8 + 1719.6 + 1648 + 1734.4 + 1791.4) / 5 = $1725.84 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Nov14) was $1,736 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $297 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $914 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $566 Mil.

Profitability

Question 1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Steelcase Inc's current net income (TTM) was 176. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Steelcase Inc's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 160. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Nov15)
=176.3/1791.4
=0.09841465

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Nov14)
=115.6/1735.8
=0.06659753

Steelcase Inc's return on assets of this year was 0.09841465. Steelcase Inc's return on assets of last year was 0.06659753. ==> This year is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA <= ROA.

Steelcase Inc's current net income (TTM) was 176. Steelcase Inc's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 160. ==> 160 <= 176 ==> CFROA <= ROA ==> Score 0.

Funding

Question 5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Nov16)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Nov15 to Nov16
=294.5/1756.52
=0.16766106

Gearing (Last Year: Nov15)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Nov14 to Nov15
=297.1/1725.84
=0.17214806

Steelcase Inc's gearing of this year was 0.16766106. Steelcase Inc's gearing of last year was 0.17214806. ==> This year is lower or equal to last year. ==> Score 1.

Question 6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year'’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year: Nov16)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=802.8/520
=1.54384615

Current Ratio (Last Year: Nov15)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=913.7/566.3
=1.61345577

Steelcase Inc's current ratio of this year was 1.54384615. Steelcase Inc's current ratio of last year was 1.61345577. ==> Last year's current ratio is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

Steelcase Inc's number of shares in issue this year was 118.4. Steelcase Inc's number of shares in issue last year was 123.4. ==> There is smaller number of shares in issue this year, or the same. ==> Score 1.

Efficiency

Question 8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=989.1/3011.2
=0.3284737

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=964.5/3062
=0.3149902

Steelcase Inc's gross margin of this year was 0.3284737. Steelcase Inc's gross margin of last year was 0.3149902. ==> This year's gross margin is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Nov15)
=3011.2/1791.4
=1.68091995

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Nov14)
=3062/1735.8
=1.76402811

Steelcase Inc's asset turnover of this year was 1.68091995. Steelcase Inc's asset turnover of last year was 1.76402811. ==> Last year's asset turnover is higher ==> Score 0.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score= Que. 1+ Que. 2+ Que. 3+Que. 4+Que. 5+Que. 6+Que. 7+Que. 8+Que. 9
=1+1+1+0+1+0+1+1+0
=6

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Steelcase Inc has an F-score of 6 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

Steelcase Inc Annual Data

Feb07Feb08Feb09Feb10Feb11Feb12Feb13Feb14Feb15Feb16
Question 1 1100111111
Question 2 1110111111
Question 3 1100110101
Question 4 1111111101
Question 5 0000110110
Question 6 1011011100
Question 7 0111111111
Question 8 1100111101
Question 9 1110101111
F-score 7753887957

Steelcase Inc Quarterly Data

Aug14Nov14Feb15May15Aug15Nov15Feb16May16Aug16Nov16
Question 1 1111111111
Question 2 1111111111
Question 3 1100011111
Question 4 1101111000
Question 5 1111100001
Question 6 1000010110
Question 7 1111101111
Question 8 1000011111
Question 9 1110011100
F-score 9755577766
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