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SanDisk Corp (NAS:SNDK)
Piotroski F-Score
7 (As of Today)

Good Sign:

Piotroski F-Score of 7 is 7, indicating very healthy situation.

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 8 or 9
Bad or low score = 0 or 1

SanDisk Corp has an F-score of 7 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.

SNDK' s 10-Year Piotroski F-Score Range
Min: 1   Max: 8
Current: 7

1
8

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of SanDisk Corp was 8. The lowest was 1. And the median was 5.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Mar14) TTM:Last Year (Mar13) TTM:
Net Income was 268.948 + 337.78 + 276.859 + 261.789 = $1,145 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 357.646 + 616.815 + 382.413 + 390.793 = $1,748 Mil.
Revenue was 1511.945 + 1727.858 + 1625.153 + 1476.263 = $6,341 Mil.
Gross Profit was 751.29 + 857.155 + 801.993 + 676.819 = $3,087 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Mar13) was $10,376 Mil.
Total Assets was $10,586 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $1,166 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $4,508 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $1,878 Mil.
Net Income was 166.229 + 213.543 + 76.507 + 12.969 = $469 Mil.

Revenue was 1340.729 + 1541.503 + 1273.19 + 1032.255 = $5,188 Mil.
Gross Profit was 531.516 + 603.012 + 382.921 + 280.777 = $1,798 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Mar12) was $10,012 Mil.
Total Assets was $10,376 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $800 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $4,851 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $1,873 Mil.

Profitability

Q1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

SanDisk Corp's current net income was 1,145. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

SanDisk Corp's current cash flow from operations was 1,748. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income/Total Assets at the beginning of this year (Mar13)
=1145.376/10376.439
=0.11038238

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income/Total Assets at the beginning of last year (Mar12)
=469.248/10012.107
=0.04686806

SanDisk Corp's return on assets of this year was 0.11038238. SanDisk Corp's return on assets of last year was 0.04686806. ==> This year is higher. ==> Score 1.

Q4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA =< ROA.

SanDisk Corp's current net income was 1,145. SanDisk Corp's current cash flow from operations was 1,748. ==> 1,748 > 1,145 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Q5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 1 if gearing is lower, 0 if it’s higher.

Gearing (This Year)=Long-Term Debt/Total Assets
=1166.497/10586.371
=0.11018856

Gearing (Last Year)=Long-Term Debt/Total Assets
=799.628/10376.439
=0.07706189

SanDisk Corp's gearing of this year was 0.11018856. SanDisk Corp's gearing of last year was 0.07706189. ==> Last year is lower ==> Score 0.

Q6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=4508.023/1878.395
=2.39993345

Current Ratio (Last Year)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=4850.861/1873.09
=2.58976397

SanDisk Corp's current ratio of this year was 2.39993345. SanDisk Corp's current ratio of last year was 2.58976397. ==> Last year's current ratio is higher ==> Score 0.

Q7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 1 if there is fewer number of shares in issue this year. Score 0 otherwise.

SanDisk Corp's number of shares in issue this year was 234.9. SanDisk Corp's number of shares in issue last year was 245.6. ==> There is the same number of shares in issue this year, or fewer. ==> Score 1.

Efficiency

Q8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=3087.257/6341.219
=0.48685545

Gross Margin (Last Year)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=1798.226/5187.677
=0.34663415

SanDisk Corp's gross margin of this year was 0.48685545. SanDisk Corp's gross margin of last year was 0.34663415. ==> This year's gross margin is higher. ==> Score 1.

Q9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the beginning of this year (Mar13)
=6341.219/10376.439
=0.61111707

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the beginning of last year (Mar12)
=5187.677/10012.107
=0.51814039

SanDisk Corp's asset turnover of this year was 0.61111707. SanDisk Corp's asset turnover of last year was 0.51814039. ==> This year's asset turnover is higher. ==> Score 1.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score=Q1+Q2+Q3+Q4+Q5+Q6+Q7+Q8+Q9
=1+1+1+1+0+0+1+1+1
=7

Good or high score = 8 or 9

Bad or low score = 0 or 1

SanDisk Corp has an F-score of 7 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

SanDisk Corp Annual Data

Dec04Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13
Q1 1111011111
Q2 1111111111
Q3 0100011001
Q4 0111111111
Q5 1001110110
Q6 1010011001
Q7 0000100001
Q8 0100011001
Q9 0110011001
F-score 4654487448

SanDisk Corp Quarterly Data

Mar12Jun12Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14
Q1 1111111111
Q2 1111111111
Q3 0000011111
Q4 0001111111
Q5 1111100000
Q6 0000011100
Q7 0001101111
Q8 0000011111
Q9 0000011111
F-score 3335578870
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