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Sanofi (NYSE:SNY)
Piotroski F-Score
5 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Sanofi has an F-score of 5 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.

SNY' s 10-Year Piotroski F-Score Range
Min: 3   Max: 7
Current: 5

3
7

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of Sanofi was 7. The lowest was 3. And the median was 5.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Jun15) TTM:Last Year (Jun14) TTM:
Net Income was 1533.50515464 + 1651.04808878 + 1107.14285714 + 1461.27946128 = $5,753 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 = $0 Mil.
Revenue was 11427.8350515 + 11307.02836 + 9621.21212121 + 10618.4062851 = $42,974 Mil.
Gross Profit was 7737.11340206 + 7557.33662145 + 6606.06060606 + 7320.98765432 = $29,221 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Jun14)
to the end of this year (Jun15) was
(123260.869565 + 0 + 120088.779285 + 0 + 109902.356902) / 5 = $70650.4011505 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Jun14) was $123,261 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $12,088 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $24,701 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $18,288 Mil.
Net Income was 1627.50333778 + 1448.55967078 + 1499.30843707 + 1055.70652174 = $5,631 Mil.

Revenue was 11372.4966622 + 11721.5363512 + 10961.2724758 + 11067.9347826 = $45,123 Mil.
Gross Profit was 7539.3858478 + 7740.74074074 + 7481.32780083 + 7524.45652174 = $30,286 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of last year (Jun13)
to the end of last year (Jun14) was
(127951.187335 + 0 + 131776.406036 + 0 + 123260.869565) / 5 = $76597.6925872 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Jun13) was $127,951 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $13,740 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $27,675 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $19,293 Mil.

Profitability

Question 1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Sanofi's current net income (TTM) was 5,753. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Sanofi's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 0. ==> Negative ==> Score 0.

Question 3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Jun14)
=5752.97556184/123260.869565
=0.04667317

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Jun13)
=5631.07796737/127951.187335
=0.04400958

Sanofi's return on assets of this year was 0.04667317. Sanofi's return on assets of last year was 0.04400958. ==> This year is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA <= ROA.

Sanofi's current net income (TTM) was 5,753. Sanofi's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 0. ==> 0 <= 5,753 ==> CFROA <= ROA ==> Score 0.

Funding

Question 5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Jun15)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Jun14 to Jun15
=12087.5420875/70650.4011505
=0.1710895

Gearing (Last Year: Jun14)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Jun13 to Jun14
=13740.4891304/76597.6925872
=0.17938516

Sanofi's gearing of this year was 0.1710895. Sanofi's gearing of last year was 0.17938516. ==> This year is lower or equal to last year. ==> Score 1.

Question 6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year'’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year: Jun15)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=24701.4590348/18288.4399551
=1.35065971

Current Ratio (Last Year: Jun14)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=27675.2717391/19293.4782609
=1.43443662

Sanofi's current ratio of this year was 1.35065971. Sanofi's current ratio of last year was 1.43443662. ==> Last year's current ratio is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

Sanofi's number of shares in issue this year was 0. Sanofi's number of shares in issue last year was 2695.4. ==> There is smaller number of shares in issue this year, or the same. ==> Score 1.

Efficiency

Question 8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=29221.4982839/42974.4818179
=0.67997326

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=30285.9109111/45123.2402718
=0.67118209

Sanofi's gross margin of this year was 0.67997326. Sanofi's gross margin of last year was 0.67118209. ==> This year's gross margin is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Jun14)
=42974.4818179/123260.869565
=0.34864659

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Jun13)
=45123.2402718/127951.187335
=0.3526598

Sanofi's asset turnover of this year was 0.34864659. Sanofi's asset turnover of last year was 0.3526598. ==> Last year's asset turnover is higher ==> Score 0.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score= Que. 1+ Que. 2+ Que. 3+Que. 4+Que. 5+Que. 6+Que. 7+Que. 8+Que. 9
=1+0+1+0+1+0+1+1+0
=5

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Sanofi has an F-score of 5 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Sanofi Annual Data

Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13Dec14
Question 1 1111111111
Question 2 1111111110
Question 3 0110101001
Question 4 1001000000
Question 5 1010010100
Question 6 1111010111
Question 7 1101010100
Question 8 1001100101
Question 9 0111101001
F-score 7667554635

Sanofi Quarterly Data

Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14Sep14Dec14Mar15Jun15
Question 1 11111
Question 2 11000
Question 3 00111
Question 4 00000
Question 5 00101
Question 6 11010
Question 7 00001
Question 8 00011
Question 9 10110
F-score 43455
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