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Seagate Technology PLC (NAS:STX)
Piotroski F-Score
5 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 8 or 9
Bad or low score = 0 or 1

Seagate Technology PLC has an F-score of 5 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.

STX' s 10-Year Piotroski F-Score Range
Min: 3   Max: 9
Current: 5

3
9

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of Seagate Technology PLC was 9. The lowest was 3. And the median was 6.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Dec13) TTM:Last Year (Dec12) TTM:
Net Income was 428 + 427 + 348 + 416 = $1,619 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 856 + 682 + 388 + 683 = $2,609 Mil.
Revenue was 3528 + 3489 + 3424 + 3526 = $13,967 Mil.
Gross Profit was 987 + 975 + 939 + 948 = $3,849 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Dec12) was $8,742 Mil.
Total Assets was $8,890 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $3,572 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $5,289 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $2,457 Mil.
Net Income was 492 + 582 + 1013 + 1146 = $3,233 Mil.

Revenue was 3668 + 3732 + 4482 + 4450 = $16,332 Mil.
Gross Profit was 992 + 1061 + 1484 + 1641 = $5,178 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Dec11) was $9,171 Mil.
Total Assets was $8,742 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $2,815 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $5,017 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $2,643 Mil.

Profitability

Q1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Seagate Technology PLC's current net income was 1,619. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Seagate Technology PLC's current cash flow from operations was 2,609. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income/Total Assets at the beginning of this year (Dec12)
=1619/8742
=0.1851979

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income/Total Assets at the beginning of last year (Dec11)
=3233/9171
=0.35252426

Seagate Technology PLC's return on assets of this year was 0.1851979. Seagate Technology PLC's return on assets of last year was 0.35252426. ==> Last year is higher ==> Score 0.

Q4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA =< ROA.

Seagate Technology PLC's current net income was 1,619. Seagate Technology PLC's current cash flow from operations was 2,609. ==> 2,609 > 1,619 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Q5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 1 if gearing is lower, 0 if it’s higher.

Gearing (This Year)=Long-Term Debt/Total Assets
=3572/8890
=0.40179978

Gearing (Last Year)=Long-Term Debt/Total Assets
=2815/8742
=0.32200869

Seagate Technology PLC's gearing of this year was 0.40179978. Seagate Technology PLC's gearing of last year was 0.32200869. ==> Last year is lower ==> Score 0.

Q6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=5289/2457
=2.15262515

Current Ratio (Last Year)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=5017/2643
=1.89822172

Seagate Technology PLC's current ratio of this year was 2.15262515. Seagate Technology PLC's current ratio of last year was 1.89822172. ==> This year's current ratio is higher. ==> Score 1.

Q7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 1 if there is fewer number of shares in issue this year. Score 0 otherwise.

Seagate Technology PLC's number of shares in issue this year was 346. Seagate Technology PLC's number of shares in issue last year was 379. ==> There is the same number of shares in issue this year, or fewer. ==> Score 1.

Efficiency

Q8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=3849/13967
=0.27557815

Gross Margin (Last Year)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=5178/16332
=0.31704629

Seagate Technology PLC's gross margin of this year was 0.27557815. Seagate Technology PLC's gross margin of last year was 0.31704629. ==> Last year's gross margin is higher ==> Score 0.

Q9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the beginning of this year (Dec12)
=13967/8742
=1.59768932

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the beginning of last year (Dec11)
=16332/9171
=1.78083088

Seagate Technology PLC's asset turnover of this year was 1.59768932. Seagate Technology PLC's asset turnover of last year was 1.78083088. ==> Last year's asset turnover is higher ==> Score 0.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score=Q1+Q2+Q3+Q4+Q5+Q6+Q7+Q8+Q9
=1+1+0+1+0+1+1+0+0
=5

Good or high score = 8 or 9

Bad or low score = 0 or 1

Seagate Technology PLC has an F-score of 5 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Seagate Technology PLC Annual Data

Jun04Jun05Jun06Jun07Jun08Jun09Jun10Jun11Jun12Jun13
Q1 1111101111
Q2 1111111111
Q3 0100101010
Q4 1111111111
Q5 1110101010
Q6 1001011111
Q7 0000110111
Q8 0010101010
Q9 0100101010
F-score 5654848595

Seagate Technology PLC Quarterly Data

Sep11Dec11Mar12Jun12Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13
Q1 1111111111
Q2 1111111111
Q3 0011111000
Q4 1111111111
Q5 0001101010
Q6 1111100111
Q7 1101111111
Q8 0011111000
Q9 0011110000
F-score 5579977565
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