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Treehouse Foods, Inc. (NYSE:THS)
Piotroski F-Score
5 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 8 or 9
Bad or low score = 0 or 1

Treehouse Foods, Inc. has an F-score of 5 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.

THS' s 10-Year Piotroski F-Score Range
Min: 4   Max: 8
Current: 5

4
8

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of Treehouse Foods, Inc. was 8. The lowest was 4. And the median was 5.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Dec13) TTM:Last Year (Dec12) TTM:
Net Income was 22.784 + 22.665 + 18.565 + 22.974 = $87 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 114.804 + 31.844 + 13.056 + 56.986 = $217 Mil.
Revenue was 660.321 + 567.15 + 526.346 + 540.11 = $2,294 Mil.
Gross Profit was 136.546 + 115.263 + 109.568 + 114.172 = $476 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Dec12) was $2,526 Mil.
Total Assets was $2,721 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $939 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $650 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $240 Mil.
Net Income was 25.224 + 21.554 + 19.511 + 22.074 = $88 Mil.

Revenue was 592.781 + 538.112 + 527.421 + 523.811 = $2,182 Mil.
Gross Profit was 119.178 + 113.209 + 106.591 + 114.932 = $454 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Dec11) was $2,405 Mil.
Total Assets was $2,526 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $898 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $588 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $187 Mil.

Profitability

Q1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Treehouse Foods, Inc.'s current net income was 87. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Treehouse Foods, Inc.'s current cash flow from operations was 217. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income/Total Assets at the beginning of this year (Dec12)
=86.988/2525.873
=0.03443879

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income/Total Assets at the beginning of last year (Dec11)
=88.363/2404.529
=0.03674857

Treehouse Foods, Inc.'s return on assets of this year was 0.03443879. Treehouse Foods, Inc.'s return on assets of last year was 0.03674857. ==> Last year is higher ==> Score 0.

Q4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA =< ROA.

Treehouse Foods, Inc.'s current net income was 87. Treehouse Foods, Inc.'s current cash flow from operations was 217. ==> 217 > 87 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Q5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 1 if gearing is lower, 0 if it’s higher.

Gearing (This Year)=Long-Term Debt/Total Assets
=938.945/2721.054
=0.34506665

Gearing (Last Year)=Long-Term Debt/Total Assets
=898.1/2525.873
=0.35556024

Treehouse Foods, Inc.'s gearing of this year was 0.34506665. Treehouse Foods, Inc.'s gearing of last year was 0.35556024. ==> This year is lower. ==> Score 1.

Q6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=649.689/240.364
=2.70293804

Current Ratio (Last Year)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=588.411/187.03
=3.14607817

Treehouse Foods, Inc.'s current ratio of this year was 2.70293804. Treehouse Foods, Inc.'s current ratio of last year was 3.14607817. ==> Last year's current ratio is higher ==> Score 0.

Q7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 1 if there is fewer number of shares in issue this year. Score 0 otherwise.

Treehouse Foods, Inc.'s number of shares in issue this year was 37.5. Treehouse Foods, Inc.'s number of shares in issue last year was 37.1. ==> There is more number of shares in issue this year. ==> Score 0.

Efficiency

Q8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=475.549/2293.927
=0.20730782

Gross Margin (Last Year)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=453.91/2182.125
=0.20801283

Treehouse Foods, Inc.'s gross margin of this year was 0.20730782. Treehouse Foods, Inc.'s gross margin of last year was 0.20801283. ==> Last year's gross margin is higher ==> Score 0.

Q9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the beginning of this year (Dec12)
=2293.927/2525.873
=0.90817195

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the beginning of last year (Dec11)
=2182.125/2404.529
=0.90750621

Treehouse Foods, Inc.'s asset turnover of this year was 0.90817195. Treehouse Foods, Inc.'s asset turnover of last year was 0.90750621. ==> This year's asset turnover is higher. ==> Score 1.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score=Q1+Q2+Q3+Q4+Q5+Q6+Q7+Q8+Q9
=1+1+0+1+1+0+0+0+1
=5

Good or high score = 8 or 9

Bad or low score = 0 or 1

Treehouse Foods, Inc. has an F-score of 5 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Treehouse Foods, Inc. Annual Data

Dec04Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13
Q1 111111111
Q2 111111111
Q3 010011000
Q4 111111111
Q5 100110111
Q6 010010110
Q7 001000000
Q8 010011000
Q9 110011011
F-score 574486565

Treehouse Foods, Inc. Quarterly Data

Sep11Dec11Mar12Jun12Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13
Q1 1111111111
Q2 1111111111
Q3 0001000000
Q4 1111111111
Q5 0111111111
Q6 1111110010
Q7 0000000000
Q8 1000000000
Q9 0000011011
F-score 5556565465
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