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Speedway Motorsports Inc (NYSE:TRK)
Piotroski F-Score
8 (As of Today)

Good Sign:

Piotroski F-Score of 8 is 8, indicating very healthy situation.

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 8 or 9
Bad or low score = 0 or 1

Speedway Motorsports Inc has an F-score of 8. It is a good or high score, which usually indicates a very healthy situation.

TRK' s 10-Year Piotroski F-Score Range
Min: 3   Max: 9
Current: 8

3
9

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of Speedway Motorsports Inc was 9. The lowest was 3. And the median was 6.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Sep14) TTM:Last Year (Sep13) TTM:
Net Income was 50.427 + 1.867 + 27.199 + 14.995 = $94.5 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 12.001 + 3.524 + 56.946 + 46.714 = $119.2 Mil.
Revenue was 82.164 + 84.542 + 175.877 + 139.837 = $482.4 Mil.
Gross Profit was 42.154 + 43.896 + 87.776 + 62.604 = $236.4 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Sep13)
to the end of this year (Sep14) was
(1755.879 + 1786.26 + 1795.758 + 1774.264 + 1740.553) / 5 = $1,770.5 Mil.
Total Assets as of Sep13 was $1,755.9 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $391.4 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $179.1 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $109.7 Mil.
Net Income was 4.348 + -1.368 + -67.811 + 12.294 = $-52.5 Mil.

Revenue was 82.079 + 84.222 + 176.763 + 137.5 = $480.6 Mil.
Gross Profit was 42.281 + 44.746 + 89.306 + 61.3 = $237.6 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of last year (Sep12)
to the end of last year (Sep13) was
(1894.796 + 1877.113 + 1919.946 + 1798.643 + 1755.879) / 5 = $1,849.3 Mil.
Total Assets as of Sep12 was $1,894.8 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $473.7 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $160.0 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $108.0 Mil.

Profitability

Q1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by beginning of the year total assets.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Speedway Motorsports Inc's current net income (ttm) was 94.5. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by beginning of the year total assets.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Speedway Motorsports Inc's current cash flow from operations (ttm) was 119.2. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Beginning of This Year Total Assets (Sep13)
=94.488/1755.879
=0.05381236

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Beginning of Last Year Total Assets (Sep12)
=-52.537/1894.796
=-0.027727

Speedway Motorsports Inc's return on assets of this year was 0.05381236. Speedway Motorsports Inc's return on assets of last year was -0.027727. ==> This year is higher. ==> Score 1.

Q4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA =< ROA.

Speedway Motorsports Inc's current net income (ttm) was 94.5. Speedway Motorsports Inc's current cash flow from operations (ttm) was 119.2. ==> 119.2 > 94.5 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Q5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Sep14)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Sep13 to Sep14
=391.448/1770.5428
=0.22108926

Gearing (Last Year: Sep13)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Sep12 to Sep13
=473.694/1849.2754
=0.25615114

Speedway Motorsports Inc's gearing of this year was 0.22108926. Speedway Motorsports Inc's gearing of last year was 0.25615114. ==> This year is lower or equal to last year. ==> Score 1.

Q6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year'’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year: Sep14)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=179.104/109.673
=1.63307286

Current Ratio (Last Year: Sep13)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=160.025/107.993
=1.48180901

Speedway Motorsports Inc's current ratio of this year was 1.63307286. Speedway Motorsports Inc's current ratio of last year was 1.48180901. ==> This year's current ratio is higher. ==> Score 1.

Q7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

Speedway Motorsports Inc's number of shares in issue this year was 41.4. Speedway Motorsports Inc's number of shares in issue last year was 41.4. ==> There is smaller number of shares in issue this year, or the same. ==> Score 1.

Efficiency

Q8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=236.43/482.42
=0.49009162

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=237.633/480.564
=0.49448773

Speedway Motorsports Inc's gross margin of this year was 0.49009162. Speedway Motorsports Inc's gross margin of last year was 0.49448773. ==> Last year's gross margin is higher ==> Score 0.

Q9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by begining of the year total assets) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Beginning of This Year Total Assets (Sep13)
=482.42/1755.879
=0.27474558

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Beginning of Last Year Total Assets (Sep12)
=480.564/1894.796
=0.25362308

Speedway Motorsports Inc's asset turnover of this year was 0.27474558. Speedway Motorsports Inc's asset turnover of last year was 0.25362308. ==> This year's asset turnover is higher. ==> Score 1.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score=Q1+Q2+Q3+Q4+Q5+Q6+Q7+Q8+Q9
=1+1+1+1+1+1+1+0+1
=8

Good or high score = 8 or 9

Bad or low score = 0 or 1

Speedway Motorsports Inc has an F-score of 8. It is a good or high score, which usually indicates a very healthy situation.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities, Altman Z-Score, Beneish M-Score


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Speedway Motorsports Inc Annual Data

Dec04Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13
Q1 1111101010
Q2 1111111111
Q3 1100101010
Q4 1111111111
Q5 0111011111
Q6 1011011011
Q7 0011111111
Q8 1010100000
Q9 1100100100
F-score 7676757575

Speedway Motorsports Inc Quarterly Data

Jun12Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14Sep14
Q1 1111000011
Q2 1111111111
Q3 1111000011
Q4 1111111111
Q5 1111111111
Q6 1111111111
Q7 1111111111
Q8 0000000000
Q9 1100000011
F-score 8877555588
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