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Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co Ltd (NYSE:TSM)
Piotroski F-Score
8 (As of Today)

Good Sign:

Piotroski F-Score of 8 is 8, indicating very healthy situation.

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co Ltd has an F-score of 8. It is a good or high score, which usually indicates a very healthy situation.

TSM' s 10-Year Piotroski F-Score Range
Min: 3   Max: 9
Current: 8

3
9

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co Ltd was 9. The lowest was 3. And the median was 6.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Mar15) TTM:Last Year (Mar14) TTM:
Net Income was 1990.73971324 + 2533.44518934 + 2245.25894762 + 2512.54559739 = $9,282 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 2725.87072357 + 3028.27918091 + 4901.41956309 + 4962.13717706 = $15,618 Mil.
Revenue was 6102.57135712 + 6937.92200724 + 7098.01217789 + 7061.93729285 = $27,200 Mil.
Gross Profit was 3040.77775925 + 3503.97809565 + 3526.12170235 + 3480.77383565 = $13,552 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Mar14)
to the end of this year (Mar15) was
(42721.686875 + 44849.7754918 + 44804.1830673 + 47679.8216376 + 49522.3980699) / 5 = $45915.5730283 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Mar14) was $42,722 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $6,809 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $21,964 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $5,966 Mil.
Net Income was 1731.02091617 + 1753.7704824 + 1367.32685126 + 1574.69555921 = $6,427 Mil.

Revenue was 5208.65067326 + 5488.2028829 + 4905.48901524 + 4876.19042763 = $20,479 Mil.
Gross Profit was 2553.44936349 + 2663.16075347 + 2196.21145241 + 2315.79263158 = $9,729 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of last year (Mar13)
to the end of last year (Mar14) was
(35691.0312994 + 39088.6917037 + 39750.8765149 + 42485.6407496 + 42721.686875) / 5 = $39947.5854285 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Mar13) was $35,691 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $6,994 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $11,707 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $5,737 Mil.

Profitability

Question 1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co Ltd's current net income (TTM) was 9,282. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co Ltd's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 15,618. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Mar14)
=9281.9894476/42721.686875
=0.21726645

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Mar13)
=6426.81380903/35691.0312994
=0.18006803

Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co Ltd's return on assets of this year was 0.21726645. Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co Ltd's return on assets of last year was 0.18006803. ==> This year is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA <= ROA.

Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co Ltd's current net income (TTM) was 9,282. Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co Ltd's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 15,618. ==> 15,618 > 9,282 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Question 5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Mar15)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Mar14 to Mar15
=6808.54447774/45915.5730283
=0.14828399

Gearing (Last Year: Mar14)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Mar13 to Mar14
=6994.12421053/39947.5854285
=0.17508253

Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co Ltd's gearing of this year was 0.14828399. Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co Ltd's gearing of last year was 0.17508253. ==> This year is lower or equal to last year. ==> Score 1.

Question 6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year'’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year: Mar15)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=21963.525011/5966.15407371
=3.68135397

Current Ratio (Last Year: Mar14)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=11706.9216118/5736.74881579
=2.04068925

Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co Ltd's current ratio of this year was 3.68135397. Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co Ltd's current ratio of last year was 2.04068925. ==> This year's current ratio is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co Ltd's number of shares in issue this year was 5186.1. Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co Ltd's number of shares in issue last year was 5186. ==> There is larger number of shares in issue this year. ==> Score 0.

Efficiency

Question 8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=13551.6513929/27200.4428351
=0.49821437

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=9728.61420095/20478.532999
=0.47506402

Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co Ltd's gross margin of this year was 0.49821437. Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co Ltd's gross margin of last year was 0.47506402. ==> This year's gross margin is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Mar14)
=27200.4428351/42721.686875
=0.63668935

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Mar13)
=20478.532999/35691.0312994
=0.57377252

Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co Ltd's asset turnover of this year was 0.63668935. Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co Ltd's asset turnover of last year was 0.57377252. ==> This year's asset turnover is higher. ==> Score 1.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score= Que. 1+ Que. 2+ Que. 3+Que. 4+Que. 5+Que. 6+Que. 7+Que. 8+Que. 9
=1+1+1+1+1+1+0+1+1
=8

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co Ltd has an F-score of 8. It is a good or high score, which usually indicates a very healthy situation.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co Ltd Annual Data

Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13Dec14
Question 1 1111111111
Question 2 1111111111
Question 3 0100010101
Question 4 1111111111
Question 5 1110110101
Question 6 1010000001
Question 7 0101100010
Question 8 0100110101
Question 9 0101010100
F-score 5855673747

Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co Ltd Quarterly Data

Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14Sep14Dec14Mar15
Question 1 1111111111
Question 2 1111111111
Question 3 1110000011
Question 4 1111111111
Question 5 1000001111
Question 6 0011011111
Question 7 0000100000
Question 8 1111001111
Question 9 1111000001
F-score 7676446678
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