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TeleCommunication Systems Inc (NAS:TSYS)
Piotroski F-Score
0 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

TeleCommunication Systems Inc has an F-score of 5 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.

Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

 This Year (Sep15) TTM: Last Year (Sep14) TTM: Net Income was -0.348 + 0.295 + 0.717 + 3.024 = \$3.7 Mil. Cash Flow from Operations was -5.892 + 8.452 + -4.368 + 2.851 = \$1.0 Mil. Revenue was 93.194 + 81.867 + 87.927 + 101.14 = \$364.1 Mil. Gross Profit was 38.626 + 33.765 + 33.823 + 36.306 = \$142.5 Mil. Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Sep14) to the end of this year (Sep15) was (325.833 + 334.081 + 324.923 + 341.096 + 348.826) / 5 = \$334.9518 Mil. Total Assets at the begining of this year (Sep14) was \$325.8 Mil. Long-Term Debt was \$135.1 Mil. Total Current Assets was \$187.8 Mil. Total Current Liabilities was \$85.7 Mil. Net Income was -55.742 + -0.477 + 1.058 + -1.964 = \$-57.1 Mil. Revenue was 78.622 + 85.09 + 86.221 + 95.332 = \$345.3 Mil. Gross Profit was 31.797 + 34.799 + 38.235 + 35.906 = \$140.7 Mil. Average Total Assets from the begining of last year (Sep13) to the end of last year (Sep14) was (393.167 + 321.455 + 320.895 + 325.686 + 325.833) / 5 = \$337.4072 Mil. Total Assets at the begining of last year (Sep13) was \$393.2 Mil. Long-Term Debt was \$116.5 Mil. Total Current Assets was \$160.7 Mil. Total Current Liabilities was \$92.7 Mil.

Profitability

Question 1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

TeleCommunication Systems Inc's current net income (TTM) was 3.7. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

TeleCommunication Systems Inc's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 1.0. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this years return on assets (1) to last years return on assets.

Score 1 if its higher, 0 if its lower.

 ROA (This Year) = Net Income (TTM) / Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Sep14) = 3.688 / 325.833 = 0.01131868

 ROA (Last Year) = Net Income (TTM) / Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Sep13) = -57.125 / 393.167 = -0.14529449

TeleCommunication Systems Inc's return on assets of this year was 0.01131868. TeleCommunication Systems Inc's return on assets of last year was -0.14529449. ==> This year is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA <= ROA.

TeleCommunication Systems Inc's current net income (TTM) was 3.7. TeleCommunication Systems Inc's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 1.0. ==> 1.0 <= 3.7 ==> CFROA <= ROA ==> Score 0.

Funding

Question 5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this years gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last years gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

 Gearing (This Year: Sep15) = Long-Term Debt / Average Total Assets from Sep14 to Sep15 = 135.098 / 334.9518 = 0.40333564

 Gearing (Last Year: Sep14) = Long-Term Debt / Average Total Assets from Sep13 to Sep14 = 116.523 / 337.4072 = 0.34534829

TeleCommunication Systems Inc's gearing of this year was 0.40333564. TeleCommunication Systems Inc's gearing of last year was 0.34534829. ==> Last year is lower than this year ==> Score 0.

Question 6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this years current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last years current ratio.

Score 1 if this year's current ratio is higher, 0 if its lower

 Current Ratio (This Year: Sep15) = Total Current Assets / Total Current Liabilities = 187.775 / 85.744 = 2.18994915

 Current Ratio (Last Year: Sep14) = Total Current Assets / Total Current Liabilities = 160.729 / 92.707 = 1.733731

TeleCommunication Systems Inc's current ratio of this year was 2.18994915. TeleCommunication Systems Inc's current ratio of last year was 1.733731. ==> This year's current ratio is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

TeleCommunication Systems Inc's number of shares in issue this year was 63.2. TeleCommunication Systems Inc's number of shares in issue last year was 59.6. ==> There is larger number of shares in issue this year. ==> Score 0.

Efficiency

Question 8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this years gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last years.

Score 1 if this years gross margin is higher, 0 if its lower.

 Gross Margin (This Year: TTM) = Gross Profit / Revenue = 142.52 / 364.128 = 0.39140083

 Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM) = Gross Profit / Revenue = 140.737 / 345.265 = 0.40762023

TeleCommunication Systems Inc's gross margin of this year was 0.39140083. TeleCommunication Systems Inc's gross margin of last year was 0.40762023. ==> Last year's gross margin is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this years asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last years asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this years asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if its lower

 Asset Turnover (This Year) = Revenue (TTM) / Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Sep14) = 364.128 / 325.833 = 1.11752953

 Asset Turnover (Last Year) = Revenue (TTM) / Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Sep13) = 345.265 / 393.167 = 0.87816373

TeleCommunication Systems Inc's asset turnover of this year was 1.11752953. TeleCommunication Systems Inc's asset turnover of last year was 0.87816373. ==> This year's asset turnover is higher. ==> Score 1.

Evaluation

 Piotroski F-Score = Que. 1 + Que. 2 + Que. 3 + Que. 4 + Que. 5 + Que. 6 + Que. 7 + Que. 8 + Que. 9 = 1 + 1 + 1 + 0 + 0 + 1 + 0 + 0 + 1 = 5

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

TeleCommunication Systems Inc has an F-score of 5 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.

Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.

Related Terms

Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their local exchange's currency.

TeleCommunication Systems Inc Annual Data

 Dec05 Dec06 Dec07 Dec08 Dec09 Dec10 Dec11 Dec12 Dec13 Dec14 Question 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 Question 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 Question 3 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 Question 4 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 Question 5 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 Question 6 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 Question 7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 Question 8 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 Question 9 0 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 1 F-score 5 4 5 6 4 5 6 4 5 4

TeleCommunication Systems Inc Quarterly Data

 Jun13 Sep13 Dec13 Mar14 Jun14 Sep14 Dec14 Mar15 Jun15 Sep15 Question 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 Question 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 Question 3 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 Question 4 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 Question 5 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 Question 6 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 Question 7 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Question 8 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 Question 9 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 F-score 7 7 5 5 4 3 4 4 3 5
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