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United Continental Holdings Inc (NYSE:UAL)
Piotroski F-Score
0 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

United Continental Holdings Inc has an F-score of 7. It is a good or high score, which usually indicates a very healthy situation.

UAL' s 10-Year Piotroski F-Score Range
Min: 2   Max: 6
Current: 0

2
6

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of United Continental Holdings Inc was 6. The lowest was 2. And the median was 6.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Dec14) TTM:Last Year (Dec13) TTM:
Net Income was -609 + 789 + 924 + 28 = $1,132 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 694 + 1464 + 574 + 0 = $2,732 Mil.
Revenue was 8696 + 10329 + 10563 + 9313 = $38,901 Mil.
Gross Profit was 4190 + 5377 + 5615 + 5203 = $20,385 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Dec13)
to the end of this year (Dec14) was
(36812 + 37185 + 38447 + 38011 + 0) / 5 = $30091 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Dec13) was $36,812 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $0 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $0 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $0 Mil.
Net Income was -417 + 469 + 379 + 140 = $571 Mil.

Revenue was 8721 + 10001 + 10228 + 9329 = $38,279 Mil.
Gross Profit was 5671 + 6933 + 5333 + 4805 = $22,742 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of last year (Dec12)
to the end of last year (Dec13) was
(37628 + 36842 + 37468 + 37260 + 36812) / 5 = $37202 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Dec12) was $37,628 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $10,924 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $8,702 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $12,107 Mil.

Profitability

Q1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

United Continental Holdings Inc's current net income (TTM) was 1,132. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

United Continental Holdings Inc's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 2,732. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

United Continental Holdings Inc's return on assets of this year was 0.03075084. United Continental Holdings Inc's return on assets of last year was 0.01517487. ==> This year is higher. ==> Score 1.

Q4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA <= ROA.

United Continental Holdings Inc's current net income (TTM) was 1,132. United Continental Holdings Inc's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 2,732. ==> 2,732 > 1,132 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Q5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Dec14)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Dec13 to Dec14
=0/30091
=0

Gearing (Last Year: Dec13)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Dec12 to Dec13
=10924/37202
=0.29364013

United Continental Holdings Inc's gearing of this year was 0. United Continental Holdings Inc's gearing of last year was 0.29364013. ==> This year is lower or equal to last year. ==> Score 1.

Q6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year'’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year: Dec14)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=0/0
=

Current Ratio (Last Year: Dec13)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=8702/12107
=0.71875774

United Continental Holdings Inc's current ratio of this year was . United Continental Holdings Inc's current ratio of last year was 0.71875774. ==> Last year's current ratio is higher ==> Score 0.

Q7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

United Continental Holdings Inc's number of shares in issue this year was 376. United Continental Holdings Inc's number of shares in issue last year was 390. ==> There is smaller number of shares in issue this year, or the same. ==> Score 1.

Efficiency

Q8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=20385/38901
=0.52402252

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=22742/38279
=0.59411165

United Continental Holdings Inc's gross margin of this year was 0.52402252. United Continental Holdings Inc's gross margin of last year was 0.59411165. ==> Last year's gross margin is higher ==> Score 0.

Q9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Dec13)
=38901/36812
=1.0567478

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Dec12)
=38279/37628
=1.01730095

United Continental Holdings Inc's asset turnover of this year was 1.0567478. United Continental Holdings Inc's asset turnover of last year was 1.01730095. ==> This year's asset turnover is higher. ==> Score 1.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score=Q1+Q2+Q3+Q4+Q5+Q6+Q7+Q8+Q9
=1+1+1+1+1+0+1+0+1
=7

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

United Continental Holdings Inc has an F-score of 7. It is a good or high score, which usually indicates a very healthy situation.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

United Continental Holdings Inc Annual Data

Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13Dec14
Q1 011001101
Q2 111011111
Q3 010011101
Q4 101111111
Q5 001000101
Q6 100011100
Q7 000100010
Q8 111010001
Q9 110111011
F-score 555366647

United Continental Holdings Inc Quarterly Data

Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14Sep14Dec14
Q1 000001111
Q2 111111111
Q3 000011111
Q4 111111111
Q5 100001001
Q6 000000000
Q7 110000001
Q8 000111100
Q9 011111111
F-score 5543465680
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