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Universal Forest Products Inc (NAS:UFPI)
Piotroski F-Score
7 (As of Today)

Good Sign:

Piotroski F-Score of 7 is 7, indicating very healthy situation.

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 8 or 9
Bad or low score = 0 or 1

Universal Forest Products Inc has an F-score of 7 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.

UFPI' s 10-Year Piotroski F-Score Range
Min: 3   Max: 8
Current: 7

3
8

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of Universal Forest Products Inc was 8. The lowest was 3. And the median was 6.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Jun14) TTM:Last Year (Jun13) TTM:
Net Income was 14.091 + 7.995 + 7.216 + 21.789 = $51 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 73.248 + 5.623 + -54.732 + 77.536 = $102 Mil.
Revenue was 651.78 + 525.737 + 553.998 + 772.752 = $2,504 Mil.
Gross Profit was 78.289 + 64.868 + 66.012 + 96.988 = $306 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Jun13)
to the end of this year (Jun14) was
(977.312 + 933.513 + 916.987 + 1006.784 + 1021.879) / 5 = $971 Mil.
Total Assets was $1,022 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $95 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $591 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $204 Mil.
Net Income was 4.198 + -1.928 + 5.224 + 15.772 = $23 Mil.

Revenue was 533.366 + 470.763 + 554.494 + 738.436 = $2,297 Mil.
Gross Profit was 55.227 + 44.141 + 57.818 + 80.216 = $237 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of last year (Jun12)
to the end of last year (Jun13) was
(852.637 + 833.345 + 860.54 + 966.95 + 977.312) / 5 = $898 Mil.
Total Assets was $977 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $142 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $555 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $165 Mil.

Profitability

Q1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by average total assets throughout the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Universal Forest Products Inc's current net income (ttm) was 51. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by average total assets throughout the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Universal Forest Products Inc's current cash flow from operations (ttm) was 102. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Average Total Assets from Jun13 to Jun14
=51.091/971.295
=0.05260091

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Average Total Assets from Jun12 to Jun13
=23.266/898.1568
=0.02590416

Universal Forest Products Inc's return on assets of this year was 0.05260091. Universal Forest Products Inc's return on assets of last year was 0.02590416. ==> This year is higher. ==> Score 1.

Q4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA =< ROA.

Universal Forest Products Inc's current net income (ttm) was 51. Universal Forest Products Inc's current cash flow from operations (ttm) was 102. ==> 102 > 51 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Q5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Jun14)=Long-Term Debt/Total Assets
=95.094/1021.879
=0.09305798

Gearing (Last Year: Jun13)=Long-Term Debt/Total Assets
=142.473/977.312
=0.14578047

Universal Forest Products Inc's gearing of this year was 0.09305798. Universal Forest Products Inc's gearing of last year was 0.14578047. ==> This year is lower or equal to last year. ==> Score 1.

Q6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year'’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year: Jun14)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=591.4/204.398
=2.89337469

Current Ratio (Last Year: Jun13)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=554.746/164.747
=3.3672601

Universal Forest Products Inc's current ratio of this year was 2.89337469. Universal Forest Products Inc's current ratio of last year was 3.3672601. ==> Last year's current ratio is higher ==> Score 0.

Q7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

Universal Forest Products Inc's number of shares in issue this year was 20. Universal Forest Products Inc's number of shares in issue last year was 19.8. ==> There is larger number of shares in issue this year. ==> Score 0.

Efficiency

Q8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=306.157/2504.267
=0.12225414

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=237.402/2297.059
=0.10335041

Universal Forest Products Inc's gross margin of this year was 0.12225414. Universal Forest Products Inc's gross margin of last year was 0.10335041. ==> This year's gross margin is higher. ==> Score 1.

Q9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by average total assets throughout the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Average Total Assets from Jun13 to Jun14
=2504.267/971.295
=2.57827642

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Average Total Assets from Jun12 to Jun13
=2297.059/898.1568
=2.55752559

Universal Forest Products Inc's asset turnover of this year was 2.57827642. Universal Forest Products Inc's asset turnover of last year was 2.55752559. ==> This year's asset turnover is higher. ==> Score 1.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score=Q1+Q2+Q3+Q4+Q5+Q6+Q7+Q8+Q9
=1+1+1+1+1+0+0+1+1
=7

Good or high score = 8 or 9

Bad or low score = 0 or 1

Universal Forest Products Inc has an F-score of 7 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities, Altman Z-Score, Beneish M-Score


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Universal Forest Products Inc Annual Data

Dec04Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13
Q1 1111111111
Q2 1111111101
Q3 1110010011
Q4 1111111101
Q5 1110110101
Q6 0111011010
Q7 0001100000
Q8 0110010001
Q9 1000000011
F-score 6775574447

Universal Forest Products Inc Quarterly Data

Mar12Jun12Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14
Q1 1111111111
Q2 1110001111
Q3 0111101111
Q4 1100001111
Q5 1110000111
Q6 1001111010
Q7 0001000000
Q8 0110000111
Q9 1111111111
F-score 6765436787
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