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Unit Corp (NYSE:UNT)
Piotroski F-Score
7 (As of Today)

Good Sign:

Piotroski F-Score of 7 is 7, indicating very healthy situation.

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Unit Corp has an F-score of 7. It is a good or high score, which usually indicates a very healthy situation.

UNT' s 10-Year Piotroski F-Score Range
Min: 3   Max: 9
Current: 7

3
9

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of Unit Corp was 9. The lowest was 3. And the median was 6.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Sep14) TTM:Last Year (Sep13) TTM:
Net Income was 51.301 + 56.945 + 54.36 + 67.522 = $230 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 173.37 + 123.46 + 202.068 + 223.999 = $723 Mil.
Revenue was 359.121 + 387.988 + 405.431 + 400.974 = $1,554 Mil.
Gross Profit was 183.25 + 202.809 + 215.566 + 206.848 = $808 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Sep13)
to the end of this year (Sep14) was
(3924.695 + 4022.39 + 4116.836 + 4277.682 + 4431.811) / 5 = $4154.6828 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Sep13) was $3,925 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $677 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $220 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $351 Mil.
Net Income was -56.547 + 40.206 + 59.007 + 34.232 = $77 Mil.

Revenue was 331.582 + 318.532 + 340.421 + 333.776 = $1,324 Mil.
Gross Profit was 169.812 + 160.082 + 172.28 + 161.551 = $664 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of last year (Sep12)
to the end of last year (Sep13) was
(3821.083 + 3761.12 + 3814.84 + 3899.524 + 3924.695) / 5 = $3844.2524 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Sep12) was $3,821 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $646 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $182 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $230 Mil.

Profitability

Question 1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Unit Corp's current net income (TTM) was 230. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Unit Corp's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 723. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Sep13)
=230.128/3924.695
=0.05863589

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Sep12)
=76.898/3821.083
=0.02012466

Unit Corp's return on assets of this year was 0.05863589. Unit Corp's return on assets of last year was 0.02012466. ==> This year is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA <= ROA.

Unit Corp's current net income (TTM) was 230. Unit Corp's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 723. ==> 723 > 230 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Question 5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Sep14)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Sep13 to Sep14
=676.843/4154.6828
=0.16291087

Gearing (Last Year: Sep13)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Sep12 to Sep13
=645.584/3844.2524
=0.16793486

Unit Corp's gearing of this year was 0.16291087. Unit Corp's gearing of last year was 0.16793486. ==> This year is lower or equal to last year. ==> Score 1.

Question 6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year'’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year: Sep14)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=220.127/351.339
=0.62653733

Current Ratio (Last Year: Sep13)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=181.575/229.655
=0.79064249

Unit Corp's current ratio of this year was 0.62653733. Unit Corp's current ratio of last year was 0.79064249. ==> Last year's current ratio is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

Unit Corp's number of shares in issue this year was 49.2. Unit Corp's number of shares in issue last year was 48.7. ==> There is larger number of shares in issue this year. ==> Score 0.

Efficiency

Question 8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=808.473/1553.514
=0.52041565

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=663.725/1324.311
=0.50118514

Unit Corp's gross margin of this year was 0.52041565. Unit Corp's gross margin of last year was 0.50118514. ==> This year's gross margin is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Sep13)
=1553.514/3924.695
=0.3958305

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Sep12)
=1324.311/3821.083
=0.34658001

Unit Corp's asset turnover of this year was 0.3958305. Unit Corp's asset turnover of last year was 0.34658001. ==> This year's asset turnover is higher. ==> Score 1.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score= Que. 1+ Que. 2+ Que. 3+Que. 4+Que. 5+Que. 6+Que. 7+Que. 8+Que. 9
=1+1+1+1+1+0+0+1+1
=7

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Unit Corp has an F-score of 7. It is a good or high score, which usually indicates a very healthy situation.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Unit Corp Annual Data

Dec04Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13
Question 1 1111101111
Question 2 1111111111
Question 3 1110001101
Question 4 1111111111
Question 5 0011010001
Question 6 1010101000
Question 7 0000000000
Question 8 1110100010
Question 9 1100001100
F-score 7674536545

Unit Corp Quarterly Data

Jun12Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14Sep14
Question 1 1111111111
Question 2 1111111111
Question 3 0000001111
Question 4 1111111111
Question 5 0000011111
Question 6 0000000000
Question 7 1000000000
Question 8 0010000011
Question 9 1000000001
F-score 5343345567
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