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Vonage Holdings Corp (NYSE:VG)
Piotroski F-Score
4 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 8 or 9
Bad or low score = 0 or 1

Vonage Holdings Corp has an F-score of 4 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.

VG' s 10-Year Piotroski F-Score Range
Min: 3   Max: 7
Current: 4

3
7

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of Vonage Holdings Corp was 7. The lowest was 3. And the median was 5.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Jun14) TTM:Last Year (Jun13) TTM:
Net Income was 4.207 + 3.588 + 4.588 + 5.518 = $17.9 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 23.55 + 36.089 + 9.387 + 24.082 = $93.1 Mil.
Revenue was 203.984 + 211.22 + 220.733 + 218.882 = $854.8 Mil.
Gross Profit was 141.567 + 149.142 + 158.377 + 157.047 = $606.1 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Jun13)
to the end of this year (Jun14) was
(547.03 + 534.986 + 642.749 + 596.701 + 592.645) / 5 = $582.8 Mil.
Total Assets was $592.6 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $75.3 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $130.1 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $179.2 Mil.
Net Income was 13.213 + 12.833 + 13.047 + 7.447 = $46.5 Mil.

Revenue was 207.584 + 213.711 + 209.087 + 204.776 = $835.2 Mil.
Gross Profit was 141.895 + 147.329 + 145.028 + 142.032 = $576.3 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of last year (Jun12)
to the end of last year (Jun13) was
(547.638 + 537.486 + 547.389 + 548.549 + 547.03) / 5 = $545.6 Mil.
Total Assets was $547.0 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $46.7 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $178.3 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $178.0 Mil.

Profitability

Q1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by average total assets throughout the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Vonage Holdings Corp's current net income (ttm) was 17.9. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by average total assets throughout the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Vonage Holdings Corp's current cash flow from operations (ttm) was 93.1. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Average Total Assets from Jun13 to Jun14
=17.901/582.8222
=0.03071434

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Average Total Assets from Jun12 to Jun13
=46.54/545.6184
=0.08529771

Vonage Holdings Corp's return on assets of this year was 0.03071434. Vonage Holdings Corp's return on assets of last year was 0.08529771. ==> Last year is higher ==> Score 0.

Q4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA =< ROA.

Vonage Holdings Corp's current net income (ttm) was 17.9. Vonage Holdings Corp's current cash flow from operations (ttm) was 93.1. ==> 93.1 > 17.9 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Q5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Jun14)=Long-Term Debt/Total Assets
=75.252/592.645
=0.12697652

Gearing (Last Year: Jun13)=Long-Term Debt/Total Assets
=46.704/547.03
=0.0853774

Vonage Holdings Corp's gearing of this year was 0.12697652. Vonage Holdings Corp's gearing of last year was 0.0853774. ==> Last year is lower than this year ==> Score 0.

Q6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year'’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year: Jun14)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=130.135/179.208
=0.72616736

Current Ratio (Last Year: Jun13)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=178.297/178.043
=1.00142662

Vonage Holdings Corp's current ratio of this year was 0.72616736. Vonage Holdings Corp's current ratio of last year was 1.00142662. ==> Last year's current ratio is higher ==> Score 0.

Q7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

Vonage Holdings Corp's number of shares in issue this year was 221. Vonage Holdings Corp's number of shares in issue last year was 219.8. ==> There is larger number of shares in issue this year. ==> Score 0.

Efficiency

Q8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=606.133/854.819
=0.70907759

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=576.284/835.158
=0.69002991

Vonage Holdings Corp's gross margin of this year was 0.70907759. Vonage Holdings Corp's gross margin of last year was 0.69002991. ==> This year's gross margin is higher. ==> Score 1.

Q9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by average total assets throughout the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Average Total Assets from Jun13 to Jun14
=854.819/582.8222
=1.46668915

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Average Total Assets from Jun12 to Jun13
=835.158/545.6184
=1.53066319

Vonage Holdings Corp's asset turnover of this year was 1.46668915. Vonage Holdings Corp's asset turnover of last year was 1.53066319. ==> Last year's asset turnover is higher ==> Score 0.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score=Q1+Q2+Q3+Q4+Q5+Q6+Q7+Q8+Q9
=1+1+0+1+0+0+0+1+0
=4

Good or high score = 8 or 9

Bad or low score = 0 or 1

Vonage Holdings Corp has an F-score of 4 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities, Altman Z-Score, Beneish M-Score


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Vonage Holdings Corp Annual Data

Dec04Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13
Q1 00000111
Q2 00111111
Q3 1100
Q4 0011
Q5 1110
Q6 0010
Q7 0011
Q8 1111
Q9 1000
F-score 4575

Vonage Holdings Corp Quarterly Data

Mar12Jun12Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14
Q1 1111111111
Q2 1111111111
Q3 1110000000
Q4 0001111111
Q5 1111000000
Q6 0111111000
Q7 1111111100
Q8 1101111111
Q9 0000000000
F-score 6767666544
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