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Telefonica Brasil SA (NYSE:VIV)
Piotroski F-Score
7 (As of Today)

Good Sign:

Piotroski F-Score of 7 is 7, indicating very healthy situation.

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Telefonica Brasil SA has an F-score of 7. It is a good or high score, which usually indicates a very healthy situation.

VIV' s 10-Year Piotroski F-Score Range
Min: 3   Max: 9
Current: 7

3
9

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of Telefonica Brasil SA was 9. The lowest was 3. And the median was 7.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Sep14) TTM:Last Year (Sep13) TTM:
Net Income was 524.627183639 + 0 + 891.14490161 + 437.283459515 = $1,853 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 1088.58116745 + 546.666666667 + 1122.31663685 + 1131.40510715 = $3,889 Mil.
Revenue was 3858.84107371 + 0 + 3853.57781753 + 3731.51760127 = $11,444 Mil.
Gross Profit was 2260.24712399 + 0 + 2187.70125224 + 1894.98738184 = $6,343 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Sep13)
to the end of this year (Sep14) was
(31588.2067138 + 29629.7827013 + 29226.1763441 + 31073.3184258 + 30218.2142093) / 5 = $30347.1396789 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Sep13) was $31,588 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $2,674 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $7,028 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $6,002 Mil.
Net Income was 710.141000962 + 408.354334677 + 420.708697653 + 335.777385159 = $1,875 Mil.

Revenue was 4286.50433109 + 4312.23991935 + 3907.73124712 + 3806.6254417 = $16,313 Mil.
Gross Profit was 1477.43599615 + 2091.24092742 + 2188.49516797 + 2085.37985866 = $7,843 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of last year (Sep12)
to the end of last year (Sep13) was
(33873.6063148 + 33807.0702599 + 34594.0635081 + 32488.3110907 + 31588.2067138) / 5 = $33270.2515774 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Sep12) was $33,874 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $3,158 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $8,185 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $6,501 Mil.

Profitability

Question 1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Telefonica Brasil SA's current net income (TTM) was 1,853. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Telefonica Brasil SA's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 3,889. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Sep13)
=1853.05554476/31588.2067138
=0.05866289

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Sep12)
=1874.98141845/33873.6063148
=0.05535228

Telefonica Brasil SA's return on assets of this year was 0.05866289. Telefonica Brasil SA's return on assets of last year was 0.05535228. ==> This year is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA <= ROA.

Telefonica Brasil SA's current net income (TTM) was 1,853. Telefonica Brasil SA's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 3,889. ==> 3,889 > 1,853 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Question 5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Sep14)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Sep13 to Sep14
=2674.41849523/30347.1396789
=0.08812753

Gearing (Last Year: Sep13)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Sep12 to Sep13
=3158.48056537/33270.2515774
=0.09493408

Telefonica Brasil SA's gearing of this year was 0.08812753. Telefonica Brasil SA's gearing of last year was 0.09493408. ==> This year is lower or equal to last year. ==> Score 1.

Question 6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year'’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year: Sep14)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=7028.44090851/6001.53984345
=1.17110626

Current Ratio (Last Year: Sep13)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=8185.42402827/6501.23674912
=1.25905644

Telefonica Brasil SA's current ratio of this year was 1.17110626. Telefonica Brasil SA's current ratio of last year was 1.25905644. ==> Last year's current ratio is higher ==> Score 0.

Question 7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

Telefonica Brasil SA's number of shares in issue this year was 0. Telefonica Brasil SA's number of shares in issue last year was 0. ==> There is smaller number of shares in issue this year, or the same. ==> Score 1.

Efficiency

Question 8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=6342.93575806/11443.9364925
=0.55426171

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=7842.5519502/16313.1009393
=0.48075176

Telefonica Brasil SA's gross margin of this year was 0.55426171. Telefonica Brasil SA's gross margin of last year was 0.48075176. ==> This year's gross margin is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Sep13)
=11443.9364925/31588.2067138
=0.3622851

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Sep12)
=16313.1009393/33873.6063148
=0.48158737

Telefonica Brasil SA's asset turnover of this year was 0.3622851. Telefonica Brasil SA's asset turnover of last year was 0.48158737. ==> Last year's asset turnover is higher ==> Score 0.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score= Que. 1+ Que. 2+ Que. 3+Que. 4+Que. 5+Que. 6+Que. 7+Que. 8+Que. 9
=1+1+1+1+1+0+1+1+0
=7

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Telefonica Brasil SA has an F-score of 7. It is a good or high score, which usually indicates a very healthy situation.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Telefonica Brasil SA Annual Data

Dec04Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13
Question 1 1111111111
Question 2 1111111111
Question 3 1110010100
Question 4 1111111111
Question 5 0010111010
Question 6 1001100110
Question 7 0101111001
Question 8 1110001110
Question 9 1101010100
F-score 7766676764

Telefonica Brasil SA Quarterly Data

Jun12Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14Sep14
Question 1 1111111111
Question 2 1111111111
Question 3 0000110001
Question 4 1111111111
Question 5 1110000111
Question 6 1111100000
Question 7 0111111111
Question 8 1011111111
Question 9 0000110000
F-score 6676875667
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