Switch to:
Valero Energy Corp (NYSE:VLO)
Piotroski F-Score
7 (As of Today)

Good Sign:

Piotroski F-Score of 7 is 7, indicating very healthy situation.

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Valero Energy Corp has an F-score of 7. It is a good or high score, which usually indicates a very healthy situation.

VLO' s 10-Year Piotroski F-Score Range
Min: 2   Max: 8
Current: 7

2
8

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of Valero Energy Corp was 8. The lowest was 2. And the median was 7.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Mar15) TTM:Last Year (Mar14) TTM:
Net Income was 588 + 1059 + 1155 + 964 = $3,766 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 1134 + 1866 + 997 + 1433 = $5,430 Mil.
Revenue was 34914 + 34408 + 27859 + 21330 = $118,511 Mil.
Gross Profit was 1669 + 2280 + 2435 + 2083 = $8,467 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Mar14)
to the end of this year (Mar15) was
(47099 + 47013 + 48455 + 45550 + 45741) / 5 = $46771.6 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Mar14) was $47,099 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $7,224 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $16,788 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $8,634 Mil.
Net Income was 466 + 312 + 1288 + 828 = $2,894 Mil.

Revenue was 34034 + 36137 + 34429 + 33663 = $138,263 Mil.
Gross Profit was 1443 + 1150 + 2178 + 1932 = $6,703 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of last year (Mar13)
to the end of last year (Mar14) was
(45501 + 44177 + 46293 + 47260 + 47099) / 5 = $46066 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Mar13) was $45,501 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $5,860 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $19,030 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $12,926 Mil.

Profitability

Question 1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Valero Energy Corp's current net income (TTM) was 3,766. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Valero Energy Corp's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 5,430. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Question 3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Valero Energy Corp's return on assets of this year was 0.07995923. Valero Energy Corp's return on assets of last year was 0.063603. ==> This year is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA <= ROA.

Valero Energy Corp's current net income (TTM) was 3,766. Valero Energy Corp's current cash flow from operations (TTM) was 5,430. ==> 5,430 > 3,766 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Question 5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Mar15)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Mar14 to Mar15
=7224/46771.6
=0.1544527

Gearing (Last Year: Mar14)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Mar13 to Mar14
=5860/46066
=0.12720879

Valero Energy Corp's gearing of this year was 0.1544527. Valero Energy Corp's gearing of last year was 0.12720879. ==> Last year is lower than this year ==> Score 0.

Question 6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year'’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year: Mar15)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=16788/8634
=1.94440584

Current Ratio (Last Year: Mar14)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=19030/12926
=1.47222652

Valero Energy Corp's current ratio of this year was 1.94440584. Valero Energy Corp's current ratio of last year was 1.47222652. ==> This year's current ratio is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

Valero Energy Corp's number of shares in issue this year was 516. Valero Energy Corp's number of shares in issue last year was 536. ==> There is smaller number of shares in issue this year, or the same. ==> Score 1.

Efficiency

Question 8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=8467/118511
=0.07144484

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=6703/138263
=0.04848007

Valero Energy Corp's gross margin of this year was 0.07144484. Valero Energy Corp's gross margin of last year was 0.04848007. ==> This year's gross margin is higher. ==> Score 1.

Question 9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of This Year (Mar14)
=118511/47099
=2.51621054

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Total Assets at the Beginning of Last Year (Mar13)
=138263/45501
=3.03868047

Valero Energy Corp's asset turnover of this year was 2.51621054. Valero Energy Corp's asset turnover of last year was 3.03868047. ==> Last year's asset turnover is higher ==> Score 0.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score= Que. 1+ Que. 2+ Que. 3+Que. 4+Que. 5+Que. 6+Que. 7+Que. 8+Que. 9
=1+1+1+1+0+1+1+1+0
=7

Good or high score = 7, 8, 9
Bad or low score = 0, 1, 2, 3

Valero Energy Corp has an F-score of 7. It is a good or high score, which usually indicates a very healthy situation.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Valero Energy Corp Annual Data

Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13Dec14
Question 1 1110011111
Question 2 1111111111
Question 3 1000011011
Question 4 1111111111
Question 5 1100001111
Question 6 0101010111
Question 7 0011000111
Question 8 1100010101
Question 9 1001011000
F-score 7645276778

Valero Energy Corp Quarterly Data

Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14Sep14Dec14Mar15
Question 1 1111111111
Question 2 1111111111
Question 3 0111101111
Question 4 1111111111
Question 5 1111111110
Question 6 1111111111
Question 7 1011111111
Question 8 1110000111
Question 9 0000000000
F-score 7787767887
Get WordPress Plugins for easy affiliate links on Stock Tickers and Guru Names | Earn affiliate commissions by embedding GuruFocus Charts
GuruFocus Affiliate Program: Earn up to $400 per referral. ( Learn More)

GuruFocus Premium Plus Membership

FEEDBACK