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Verisk Analytics Inc (NAS:VRSK)
Piotroski F-Score
6 (As of Today)

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 8 or 9
Bad or low score = 0 or 1

Verisk Analytics Inc has an F-score of 6 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.

VRSK' s 10-Year Piotroski F-Score Range
Min: 5   Max: 7
Current: 6

5
7

During the past 7 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of Verisk Analytics Inc was 7. The lowest was 5. And the median was 6.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Mar14) TTM:Last Year (Mar13) TTM:
Net Income was 115.558 + 87.223 + 96.441 + 84.205 = $383 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 232.828 + 120.468 + 139.761 + 55.434 = $548 Mil.
Revenue was 409.643 + 332.463 + 438.597 + 421.32 = $1,602 Mil.
Gross Profit was 239.97 + 225.632 + 262.017 + 246.657 = $974 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Mar13) was $2,516 Mil.
Total Assets was $2,640 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $1,271 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $679 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $516 Mil.
Net Income was 80.511 + 98.299 + 82.911 + 73.331 = $335 Mil.

Revenue was 376.697 + 289.258 + 398.863 + 373.226 = $1,438 Mil.
Gross Profit was 233.065 + 209.703 + 242.114 + 226.152 = $911 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Mar12) was $1,892 Mil.
Total Assets was $2,516 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $1,266 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $553 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $650 Mil.

Profitability

Q1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Verisk Analytics Inc's current net income was 383. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Verisk Analytics Inc's current cash flow from operations was 548. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income/Total Assets at the beginning of this year (Mar13)
=383.427/2516.347
=0.15237445

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income/Total Assets at the beginning of last year (Mar12)
=335.052/1892.043
=0.17708477

Verisk Analytics Inc's return on assets of this year was 0.15237445. Verisk Analytics Inc's return on assets of last year was 0.17708477. ==> Last year is higher ==> Score 0.

Q4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA =< ROA.

Verisk Analytics Inc's current net income was 383. Verisk Analytics Inc's current cash flow from operations was 548. ==> 548 > 383 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Q5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year)=Long-Term Debt/Total Assets
=1270.992/2640.004
=0.48143563

Gearing (Last Year)=Long-Term Debt/Total Assets
=1266.467/2516.347
=0.50329585

Verisk Analytics Inc's gearing of this year was 0.48143563. Verisk Analytics Inc's gearing of last year was 0.50329585. ==> This year is lower or equal to last year. ==> Score 1.

Q6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year'’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=679.204/515.64
=1.3172058

Current Ratio (Last Year)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=552.543/650.422
=0.84951462

Verisk Analytics Inc's current ratio of this year was 1.3172058. Verisk Analytics Inc's current ratio of last year was 0.84951462. ==> This year's current ratio is higher. ==> Score 1.

Q7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

Verisk Analytics Inc's number of shares in issue this year was 170.4. Verisk Analytics Inc's number of shares in issue last year was 172.8. ==> There is smaller number of shares in issue this year, or the same. ==> Score 1.

Efficiency

Q8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=974.276/1602.023
=0.60815357

Gross Margin (Last Year)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=911.034/1438.044
=0.63352304

Verisk Analytics Inc's gross margin of this year was 0.60815357. Verisk Analytics Inc's gross margin of last year was 0.63352304. ==> Last year's gross margin is higher ==> Score 0.

Q9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the beginning of this year (Mar13)
=1602.023/2516.347
=0.6366463

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the beginning of last year (Mar12)
=1438.044/1892.043
=0.76004827

Verisk Analytics Inc's asset turnover of this year was 0.6366463. Verisk Analytics Inc's asset turnover of last year was 0.76004827. ==> Last year's asset turnover is higher ==> Score 0.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score=Q1+Q2+Q3+Q4+Q5+Q6+Q7+Q8+Q9
=1+1+0+1+1+1+1+0+0
=6

Good or high score = 8 or 9

Bad or low score = 0 or 1

Verisk Analytics Inc has an F-score of 6 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Verisk Analytics Inc Annual Data

Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13
Q1 111
Q2 111
Q3 000
Q4 111
Q5 011
Q6 101
Q7 110
Q8 110
Q9 000
F-score 665

Verisk Analytics Inc Quarterly Data

Dec11Mar12Jun12Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14
Q1 1111111111
Q2 1111111111
Q3 0000000000
Q4 1111111111
Q5 0011111111
Q6 1111011111
Q7 1110000011
Q8 1111111100
Q9 0000000000
F-score 6676566666
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