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Verisk Analytics Inc (NAS:VRSK)
Piotroski F-Score
8 (As of Today)

Good Sign:

Piotroski F-Score of 8 is 8, indicating very healthy situation.

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 8 or 9
Bad or low score = 0 or 1

Verisk Analytics Inc has an F-score of 8. It is a good or high score, which usually indicates a very healthy situation.

VRSK' s 10-Year Piotroski F-Score Range
Min: 5   Max: 8
Current: 8

5
8

During the past 7 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of Verisk Analytics Inc was 8. The lowest was 5. And the median was 7.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Sep14) TTM:Last Year (Sep13) TTM:
Net Income was 87.223 + 115.558 + 88.099 + 99.015 = $390 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 120.468 + 232.828 + 54.007 + 91.8 = $499 Mil.
Revenue was 332.463 + 409.643 + 423.554 + 448.665 = $1,614 Mil.
Gross Profit was 225.632 + 239.97 + 251.084 + 267.792 = $984 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of this year (Sep13)
to the end of this year (Sep14) was
(2429.872 + 2504.451 + 2640.004 + 2675.277 + 2677.7) / 5 = $2,585 Mil.
Total Assets as of Sep13 was $2,430 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $1,136 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $706 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $561 Mil.
Net Income was 98.299 + 80.511 + 84.205 + 96.441 = $359 Mil.

Revenue was 415.73 + 403.323 + 421.32 + 438.597 = $1,679 Mil.
Gross Profit was 245.709 + 238.874 + 246.657 + 262.017 = $993 Mil.
Average Total Assets from the begining of last year (Sep12)
to the end of last year (Sep13) was
(2303.433 + 2360.336 + 2516.347 + 2439.351 + 2429.872) / 5 = $2,410 Mil.
Total Assets as of Sep12 was $2,303 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $1,271 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $461 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $457 Mil.

Profitability

Q1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by beginning of the year total assets.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Verisk Analytics Inc's current net income (ttm) was 390. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by beginning of the year total assets.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Verisk Analytics Inc's current cash flow from operations (ttm) was 499. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Beginning of This Year Total Assets (Sep13)
=389.895/2429.872
=0.16045907

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income (TTM)/Beginning of Last Year Total Assets (Sep12)
=359.456/2303.433
=0.15605229

Verisk Analytics Inc's return on assets of this year was 0.16045907. Verisk Analytics Inc's return on assets of last year was 0.15605229. ==> This year is higher. ==> Score 1.

Q4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA =< ROA.

Verisk Analytics Inc's current net income (ttm) was 390. Verisk Analytics Inc's current cash flow from operations (ttm) was 499. ==> 499 > 390 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Q5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 0 if this year's gearing is higher, 1 otherwise.

Gearing (This Year: Sep14)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Sep13 to Sep14
=1136.205/2585.4608
=0.43945938

Gearing (Last Year: Sep13)=Long-Term Debt/Average Total Assets from Sep12 to Sep13
=1271.17/2409.8678
=0.52748537

Verisk Analytics Inc's gearing of this year was 0.43945938. Verisk Analytics Inc's gearing of last year was 0.52748537. ==> This year is lower or equal to last year. ==> Score 1.

Q6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year'’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year: Sep14)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=705.652/561.34
=1.25708483

Current Ratio (Last Year: Sep13)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=461.33/456.638
=1.0102751

Verisk Analytics Inc's current ratio of this year was 1.25708483. Verisk Analytics Inc's current ratio of last year was 1.0102751. ==> This year's current ratio is higher. ==> Score 1.

Q7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 0 if there is larger number of shares in issue this year, 1 otherwise.

Verisk Analytics Inc's number of shares in issue this year was 169.5. Verisk Analytics Inc's number of shares in issue last year was 172.2. ==> There is smaller number of shares in issue this year, or the same. ==> Score 1.

Efficiency

Q8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=984.478/1614.325
=0.60983879

Gross Margin (Last Year: TTM)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=993.257/1678.97
=0.5915871

Verisk Analytics Inc's gross margin of this year was 0.60983879. Verisk Analytics Inc's gross margin of last year was 0.5915871. ==> This year's gross margin is higher. ==> Score 1.

Q9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales for the year divided by begining of the year total assets) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Beginning of This Year Total Assets (Sep13)
=1614.325/2429.872
=0.66436627

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue (TTM)/Beginning of Last Year Total Assets (Sep12)
=1678.97/2303.433
=0.728899

Verisk Analytics Inc's asset turnover of this year was 0.66436627. Verisk Analytics Inc's asset turnover of last year was 0.728899. ==> Last year's asset turnover is higher ==> Score 0.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score=Q1+Q2+Q3+Q4+Q5+Q6+Q7+Q8+Q9
=1+1+1+1+1+1+1+1+0
=8

Good or high score = 8 or 9

Bad or low score = 0 or 1

Verisk Analytics Inc has an F-score of 8. It is a good or high score, which usually indicates a very healthy situation.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities, Altman Z-Score, Beneish M-Score


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Verisk Analytics Inc Annual Data

Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13
Q1 111
Q2 111
Q3 000
Q4 111
Q5 011
Q6 101
Q7 110
Q8 111
Q9 000
F-score 666

Verisk Analytics Inc Quarterly Data

Jun12Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13Mar14Jun14Sep14
Q1 1111111111
Q2 1111111111
Q3 0000000001
Q4 1111111111
Q5 1011111111
Q6 1101111111
Q7 1000001111
Q8 1110001111
Q9 0000000000
F-score 7555557778
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