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Weatherford International Ltd (NYSE:WFT)
Piotroski F-Score
3 (As of Today)

Warning Sign:

Piotroski F-Score of 3 is low, which usually implies poor business operation.

The zones of discrimination were as such:

Good or high score = 8 or 9
Bad or low score = 0 or 1

Weatherford International Ltd has an F-score of 3 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.

WFT' s 10-Year Piotroski F-Score Range
Min: 3   Max: 8
Current: 3

3
8

During the past 13 years, the highest Piotroski F-Score of Weatherford International Ltd was 8. The lowest was 3. And the median was 5.


Definition

How is the Piotroski F-Score calculated?

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

This Year (Dec13) TTM:Last Year (Dec12) TTM:
Net Income was -271 + 22 + -118 + 22 = $-345 Mil.
Cash Flow from Operations was 662 + 326 + 252 + -11 = $1,229 Mil.
Revenue was 3738 + 3820 + 3868 + 3837 = $15,263 Mil.
Gross Profit was 604 + 784 + 742 + 831 = $2,961 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of this year (Dec12) was $22,795 Mil.
Total Assets was $21,977 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $7,061 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $8,774 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $5,699 Mil.
Net Income was -122 + 70 + -849 + 123 = $-778 Mil.

Revenue was 4058 + 3819 + 3747 + 3591 = $15,215 Mil.
Gross Profit was 841 + 852 + 776 + 891 = $3,360 Mil.
Total Assets at the begining of last year (Dec11) was $21,051 Mil.
Total Assets was $22,795 Mil.
Long-Term Debt was $7,049 Mil.
Total Current Assets was $9,029 Mil.
Total Current Liabilities was $5,710 Mil.

Profitability

Q1. Return on Assets (ROA)

Net income before extraordinary items for the year divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Weatherford International Ltd's current net income was -345. ==> Negative ==> Score 0.

Q2. Cash Flow Return on Assets (CFROA)

Net cash flow from operating activities (operating cash flow) divided by total assets at the beginning of the year.

Score 1 if positive, 0 if negative.

Weatherford International Ltd's current cash flow from operations was 1,229. ==> Positive ==> Score 1.

Q3. Change in Return on Assets

Compare this year’s return on assets (1) to last year’s return on assets.

Score 1 if it’s higher, 0 if it’s lower.

ROA (This Year)=Net Income/Total Assets at the beginning of this year (Dec12)
=-345/22795
=-0.0151349

ROA (Last Year)=Net Income/Total Assets at the beginning of last year (Dec11)
=-778/21051
=-0.03695786

Weatherford International Ltd's return on assets of this year was -0.0151349. Weatherford International Ltd's return on assets of last year was -0.03695786. ==> This year is higher. ==> Score 1.

Q4. Quality of Earnings (Accrual)

Compare Cash flow return on assets (2) to return on assets (1)

Score 1 if CFROA > ROA, 0 if CFROA =< ROA.

Weatherford International Ltd's current net income was -345. Weatherford International Ltd's current cash flow from operations was 1,229. ==> 1,229 > -345 ==> CFROA > ROA ==> Score 1.

Funding

Q5. Change in Gearing or Leverage

Compare this year’s gearing (long-term debt divided by average total assets) to last year’s gearing.

Score 1 if gearing is lower, 0 if it’s higher.

Gearing (This Year)=Long-Term Debt/Total Assets
=7061/21977
=0.32129044

Gearing (Last Year)=Long-Term Debt/Total Assets
=7049/22795
=0.30923448

Weatherford International Ltd's gearing of this year was 0.32129044. Weatherford International Ltd's gearing of last year was 0.30923448. ==> Last year is lower ==> Score 0.

Q6. Change in Working Capital (Liquidity)

Compare this year’s current ratio (current assets divided by current liabilities) to last year’s current ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s current ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Current Ratio (This Year)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=8774/5699
=1.53956835

Current Ratio (Last Year)=Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities
=9029/5710
=1.58126095

Weatherford International Ltd's current ratio of this year was 1.53956835. Weatherford International Ltd's current ratio of last year was 1.58126095. ==> Last year's current ratio is higher ==> Score 0.

Q7. Change in Shares in Issue

Compare the number of shares in issue this year, to the number in issue last year.

Score 1 if there is fewer number of shares in issue this year. Score 0 otherwise.

Weatherford International Ltd's number of shares in issue this year was 775. Weatherford International Ltd's number of shares in issue last year was 768. ==> There is more number of shares in issue this year. ==> Score 0.

Efficiency

Q8. Change in Gross Margin

Compare this year’s gross margin (gross profit divided by sales) to last year’s.

Score 1 if this year’s gross margin is higher, 0 if it’s lower.

Gross Margin (This Year)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=2961/15263
=0.19399856

Gross Margin (Last Year)=Gross Profit/Revenue
=3360/15215
=0.2208347

Weatherford International Ltd's gross margin of this year was 0.19399856. Weatherford International Ltd's gross margin of last year was 0.2208347. ==> Last year's gross margin is higher ==> Score 0.

Q9. Change in asset turnover

Compare this year’s asset turnover (total sales divided by total assets at the beginning of the year) to last year’s asset turnover ratio.

Score 1 if this year’s asset turnover ratio is higher, 0 if it’s lower

Asset Turnover (This Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the beginning of this year (Dec12)
=15263/22795
=0.66957666

Asset Turnover (Last Year)=Revenue/Total Assets at the beginning of last year (Dec11)
=15215/21051
=0.72276851

Weatherford International Ltd's asset turnover of this year was 0.66957666. Weatherford International Ltd's asset turnover of last year was 0.72276851. ==> Last year's asset turnover is higher ==> Score 0.

Evaluation

Piotroski F-Score=Q1+Q2+Q3+Q4+Q5+Q6+Q7+Q8+Q9
=0+1+1+1+0+0+0+0+0
=3

Good or high score = 8 or 9

Bad or low score = 0 or 1

Weatherford International Ltd has an F-score of 3 indicating the company's financial situation is typical for a stable company.


Explanation

The developer of the system is Joseph D. Piotroski is relatively unknown accounting professor who shuns publicity and rarely gives interviews.

He graduated from the University of Illinois with a B.S. in accounting in 1989, received an M.B.A. from Indiana University in 1994. Five years later, in 1999, after earning a Ph.D. in accounting from the University of Michigan, he became an associate professor of accounting at the University of Chicago.

In 2000, he wrote a research paper called "Value Investing: The Use of Historical Financial Statement Information to Separate Winners from Losers" (pdf).

He wanted to see if he can develop a system (using a simple nine-point scoring system) that can increase the returns of a strategy of investing in low price to book (referred to in the paper as high book to market) value companies.

What he found was something that exceeded his most optimistic expectations.

Buying only those companies that scored highest (8 or 9) on his nine-point scale, or F-Score as he called it, over the 20 year period from 1976 to 1996 led to an average out-performance over the market of 13.4%.

Even more impressive were the results of a strategy of investing in the highest F-Score companies (8 or 9) and shorting companies with the lowest F-Score (0 or 1).

Over the same period from 1976 to 1996 (20 years) this strategy led to an average yearly return of 23%, substantially outperforming the average S&P 500 index return of 15.83% over the same period.


Related Terms

Net Income, Cash Flow from Operations, Revenue, Gross Profit, Total Assets, Long-Term Debt, Total Current Assets, Total Current Liabilities


Historical Data

* All numbers are in millions except for per share data and ratio. All numbers are in their own currency.

Weatherford International Ltd Annual Data

Dec04Dec05Dec06Dec07Dec08Dec09Dec10Dec11Dec12Dec13
Q1 1111110100
Q2 1111111111
Q3 1111100101
Q4 1110011111
Q5 1100000100
Q6 1011011000
Q7 0001000000
Q8 1110000000
Q9 1101001110
F-score 8766344633

Weatherford International Ltd Quarterly Data

Sep11Dec11Mar12Jun12Sep12Dec12Mar13Jun13Sep13Dec13
Q1 1110000000
Q2 1111111111
Q3 1110000111
Q4 1111111111
Q5 1110000110
Q6 0000000000
Q7 0000000000
Q8 1000000000
Q9 1111111100
F-score 7663333543
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